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Cardston
Town
Town of Cardston
Cardston Alberta Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Nickname(s): 
c town
Location in Cardston County
Location in Cardston County
Cardston is located in Alberta
Cardston
Cardston
Location of Cardston in Alberta
Coordinates: 49°12′09″N 113°18′07″W / 49.20250°N 113.30194°W / 49.20250; -113.30194Coordinates: 49°12′09″N 113°18′07″W / 49.20250°N 113.30194°W / 49.20250; -113.30194
CountryCanada
ProvinceAlberta
RegionSouthern Alberta
Planning regionSouth Saskatchewan
Municipal districtCardston County
Incorporated[1] 
 • VillageDecember 29, 1898
 • TownJune 2, 1901
Government
 • MayorMaggie Kronen
 • Governing bodyCardston Town Council
 • MPGlen Motz
 • MLAJoseph Schow
Area
 (2021)[3]
 • Land8.58 km2 (3.31 sq mi)
Elevation1,130 m (3,710 ft)
Population
 (2021)[3][6]
 • Total3,724
 • Density434.1/km2 (1,124/sq mi)
 • Municipal census (2018)
3,909[5]
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Area code(s)403, 587, 825
Highways Hwy 2
Hwy 5
Hwy 501
WaterwayLee Creek
St. Mary River
St Mary Reservoir
WebsiteOfficial website

Cardston is a town in Alberta, Canada. It was first settled in 1887 by members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) who travelled from Utah, via the Macleod-Benton Trail, to present-day Alberta in one of the century's last wagon migrations.[7] The founder of the town was Charles Ora Card. The combined church and school was completed by January 29 the year following their arrival.[8]

History

Cardston has been "dry" (alcohol free) since at least the 1915 Alberta Liquor plebiscite, and there are no licensed premises in which to use video lottery terminals.[9] In 1951, 75% of Cardston's 3500 residents were members of the LDS Church.[10] It remains at about 80%, as of 2014.[9]

On August 15, 2019, the town was granted a coat of arms by the Canadian Heraldic Authority.[11]

Geography

Cardston is situated in the foothills of southwest Alberta, approximately 25 km (15.53 mi) north from the American state of Montana. On its north side, it borders the Kainai Nation (Blood Tribe) Reserve, one of the largest reserves in North America. 40 km (24.85 mi) to the west of Cardston are the Rocky Mountains of Waterton Lakes National Park. Cardston is 77 km (47.85 mi) southwest of Lethbridge and 234 km (145.40 mi) south of Calgary.

Climate

Cardston experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). Along with the rest of southern Alberta, Cardston is subject to chinooks, which often bring temperatures in mid-winter well above 10 °C (50 °F). This same pattern results in more than 200 days of wind a year.

Weather records:[12]

Climate data for Cardston, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1918–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.0
(66.2)
21.0
(69.8)
24.5
(76.1)
30.5
(86.9)
33.0
(91.4)
35.6
(96.1)
39.0
(102.2)
36.7
(98.1)
34.5
(94.1)
29.5
(85.1)
23.9
(75.0)
19.4
(66.9)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
2.5
(36.5)
5.9
(42.6)
11.5
(52.7)
16.5
(61.7)
20.5
(68.9)
24.5
(76.1)
24.8
(76.6)
19.0
(66.2)
12.8
(55.0)
4.5
(40.1)
1.1
(34.0)
12.1
(53.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−3.5
(25.7)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.1
(41.2)
9.9
(49.8)
13.8
(56.8)
16.9
(62.4)
16.9
(62.4)
11.8
(53.2)
6.3
(43.3)
−1.1
(30.0)
−4.6
(23.7)
5.6
(42.1)
Average low °C (°F) −10.4
(13.3)
−9.5
(14.9)
−6.1
(21.0)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.3
(37.9)
7.0
(44.6)
9.3
(48.7)
8.9
(48.0)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
−6.7
(19.9)
−10.3
(13.5)
−1
(30)
Record low °C (°F) −41.7
(−43.1)
−38.9
(−38.0)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−12.8
(9.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
−15.6
(3.9)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−35.6
(−32.1)
−38.5
(−37.3)
−41.7
(−43.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.8
(0.82)
19.1
(0.75)
37.5
(1.48)
40.6
(1.60)
81.3
(3.20)
90.7
(3.57)
45.5
(1.79)
43.9
(1.73)
53.1
(2.09)
31.6
(1.24)
29.6
(1.17)
21.5
(0.85)
515.0
(20.28)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.4
(0.02)
0.0
(0.0)
1.5
(0.06)
10.8
(0.43)
66.7
(2.63)
90.7
(3.57)
45.5
(1.79)
43.7
(1.72)
49.2
(1.94)
9.9
(0.39)
2.1
(0.08)
0.1
(0.00)
320.6
(12.62)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 20.4
(8.0)
19.1
(7.5)
36.0
(14.2)
29.7
(11.7)
14.6
(5.7)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.0)
3.6
(1.4)
21.7
(8.5)
27.4
(10.8)
21.4
(8.4)
194.2
(76.5)
Source: Environment Canada[12][13][14]

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Cardston had a population of 3,724 living in 1,261 of its 1,335 total private dwellings, a change of 3.9% from its 2016 population of 3,585. With a land area of 8.58 km2 (3.31 sq mi), it had a population density of 434.0/km2 (1,124.1/sq mi) in 2021.[3]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Cardston recorded a population of 3,585 living in 1,175 of its 1,270 total private dwellings, a 0.1% change from its 2011 population of 3,580. With a land area of 8.59 km2 (3.32 sq mi), it had a population density of 417.3/km2 (1,080.9/sq mi) in 2016.[15]

Population by age and gender, 2001
Age Male Female Total
0–4 115 140 255
5–14 335 310 645
15–19 175 180 355
20–24 105 100 205
25–34 125 160 285
35–44 175 210 385
45–54 165 200 365
55–64 125 155 280
65–74 135 170 305
75+ 150 260 410
Totals 1600 1870 3470

Source: Statistics Canada 2001 Census (numbers may not add up due to rounding)

Family income, 1996 and 2001
1996 2001
Total number of families 730 760
Average family income $53,750 $52,939
Median family income $46,503 $48,004

Source: Statistics Canada 1996 & 2001 Census

Economy

Primary industries are education, health care, entrepreneurship, agriculture, and tourism.[16] Cardston is one of the few communities in Canada where alcohol cannot be sold or purchased.[17][18]

Attractions

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Cardston has a soccer park, ball parks, a golf course, an ice skating rink, a swimming pool, tennis courts, hiking trails, a skateboard park, several recreation parks, picnic areas and playgrounds. St. Mary's Dam reservoir northeast of Cardston supports water sports in the summer months.

The Cardston Alberta Temple was constructed by Latter-day Saint pioneers from 1913-1923, and was the first temple constructed by the Church outside of the United States.[19] It remained the only temple in Canada until the Toronto Ontario Temple was built in 1990.

The Remington Carriage Museum is the largest collection of horse-drawn vehicles in North America, with more than 250 carriages, wagons and sleighs. The 63,000-square-foot (5,900 m2) facility features video displays, a fire hall, carriage factory, restoration shop, working stable, carriage rides, carriage rentals, a restaurant, guided tours, and a gift shop.

The Carriage House Theatre was constructed in 1912, and underwent renovations in 1937 and 1992. It seats 350 and hosts films, community theatre and professional summer theatre.[citation needed]

The Card Pioneer Home was built by Cardston's founder Charles Ora Card in 1887, and served as a community centre and stopping place for travellers until the first hotel was built in 1894. The log structure stands in its original location and is open for public visits. It is as a registered provincial historic site.[20]

The Courthouse Museum is a sandstone structure built in 1907 from stone quarried near Cardston. It was used longer than any other courthouse in Alberta. The building displays the judge's bench, witness box, and jail cells. It is a registered provincial historic site.[21]

Education

Schools include the Cardston High School, the Cardston Jr. High School (formerly Eastridge Elementary School), and Cardston Elementary School which are all under the Westwind School Division.

Former schools include Leeside (grades 1 and 2 - torn down in the late 1980s to make way for the Remington-Alberta Carriage Centre) and Westside. The building that housed many of the junior high facilities, E.J. Wood School (including the gymnasium near the current high school), Parkland School, and John S. Smith Schools were torn down in 1993 as the junior high moved to the former Eastridge building. The Cardston High School underwent extensive renovations in the early 2000s, including an expansion to its gymnasium, much-improved fitness and weight room facilities, wider hallways, and a new cafeteria.[citation needed]

Media

The Cardston News was first published in 1924, and was a weekly until 1925. During 1924–1925, the newspaper was edited and published by Fred Burton. It was later taken over by D.O. Wight, editor and managing director from September 17, 1925 until June 9, 1936. Fred Burton took over as publisher on June 16, 1936. The Cardston News was taken over by Gordon F. West On May 7, 1964.[22][23] The Cardston Record began publication on August 6, 1898, and was published weekly until September 1901.[22][23]

Notable people

Fay Wray Fountain, Cardston
Fay Wray Fountain, Cardston

See also

References

  1. ^ "Location and History Profile: Town of Cardston" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 7, 2016. p. 120. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  2. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 9, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities)". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  4. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  5. ^ "Municipal Census Results". Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  6. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and population centres". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  7. ^ Cardston Diamond Jubilee Committee (1962). Cardston jubilee : 1887-1962 : Jubilee Souvenir. p. 28. Archived from the original on 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  8. ^ Shaw, Keith (1978). Chief mountain country : a history of Cardston and district. Volume I. Cardston: Cardston and District Historical Society. p. 45. ISBN 0-919213-89-8. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
  9. ^ a b News; Canada (2014-10-07). "Mayor of Cardston, Alberta, says 'party animal' citizens don't need alcohol in dry town | National Post". National Post. Retrieved 2020-02-03. ((cite news)): |last1= has generic name (help)
  10. ^ Lawrence, Richard (January 15, 1951). "The Sober Truth About the Mormons". Maclean's.
  11. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor (12 November 2020). "Town of Cardston [Civil Institution]". reg.gg.ca. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  12. ^ a b "Cardston, Alberta". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 (in English and French). Environment Canada. 2013-09-25. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
  13. ^ a b "July 2007". Canadian Climate Data (in English and French). Environment Canada. 2011-10-31. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  14. ^ "January 2015". Canadian Climate Data (in English and French). Environment Canada. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  15. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  16. ^ "Statistics Canada. 2017. Cardston County, MD [Census subdivision]". Census Profile. 2016 Census. November 29, 2017. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  17. ^ [1][dead link]
  18. ^ "CBC News". CBC. 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  19. ^ Cardston, ULethbridge Digital Collection
  20. ^ "Card Home".
  21. ^ http://www.cardstonhistoricalsociety.org/
  22. ^ a b Strathern, Gloria M. (1988). Alberta Newspapers, 1880-1982: An Historical Directory. University of Alberta Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-88864-137-0.
  23. ^ a b "Archived copy". www.uleth.ca. Archived from the original on 17 April 2010. Retrieved 14 March 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "Elder Victor L. Brown Dies at 81," Ensign, May 1996, 105.
  25. ^ *“"Elaine L. Jack, Second Counselor in the Young Women Presidency," Ensign, May 1987, 100.
  26. ^ "Elder Merlin R. Lybbert of the Second Quorum of the Seventy," Ensign, May 1989, 98.
  27. ^ "Shawna Molcak," Olympic.ca/athletes, Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  28. ^ "Strate, Grant", The Canadian Encyclopedia, accessed 2007-12-17.
  29. ^ Jay M. Todd, "Edward J. Wood: 'Faith Personified'," Ensign, September 1988, 50.
  30. ^ William Addams Reitwiesner, Ancestry of Fay Wray, accessed 2007-12-17.