High Level
Town
Town of High Level
High level AB grain elevator complex.jpg
Flag of High Level
Location in Mackenzie County
Location in Mackenzie County
High Level is located in Alberta
High Level
High Level
Location of High Level in Alberta
Coordinates: 58°31′01″N 117°08′10″W / 58.51694°N 117.13611°W / 58.51694; -117.13611Coordinates: 58°31′01″N 117°08′10″W / 58.51694°N 117.13611°W / 58.51694; -117.13611
CountryCanada
ProvinceAlberta
RegionNorthern Alberta
Planning regionLower Peace
Specialized municipalityMackenzie County
Incorporated[1] 
 • New townJune 1, 1965
Government
 • Governing bodyHigh Level Town Council
 • MPChris Warkentin (Grande Prairie—Mackenzie-Conservative)
 • MLADan Williams (Peace River-UCP)
Area
 (2021)[3]
 • Land28.7 km2 (11.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[3][4]
 • Total3,922
 • Density136.7/km2 (354/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−07:00 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
Forward sortation area
T0H 1Z0 & T0H 4J0
Area code(s)780, 587, 825
HighwaysHighway 35
Highway 58
WebsiteOfficial website

High Level is a town in northern Alberta, Canada. It is located at the intersection of the Mackenzie Highway (Highway 35) and Highway 58, approximately 733 kilometres (455 mi) north of Edmonton and 725 km (450 mi) south of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. High Level is located within Mackenzie County and was founded in 1947. The town serves a trading area of approximately 20,000 people.[5]

History

The name High Level originated from the height of the land that separates the Peace and the Hay Rivers. The original location was approximately 5.6 km (3.5 mi) north of the present spot and along the old Fort Vermilion/Meander River freighting trail, serving as a stopping place, not a town. The original High Level Sports Grounds were at this location and the old trail was still visible there in the mid 1960s. The High Level Golf & Country Club currently occupies this approximate location. For many years, High Level was known as Tloc Moi (Hay Meadow).[6] The first fur traders arrived in this area in 1786, but it was not until 1947 that High Level was settled, with development of road access to Fort Vermilion being the primary factor in determining the town's present location. High Level's first power plant was established in 1957, and a year later the first post office was built. The oil fields were discovered in the 1960s, and the Mackenzie Northern Railway was run to the area in 1963.[6]

Geography

High Level marks the northern extent of the Peace River Country, and has one of the northernmost lands suited for agriculture in Canada. It is surrounded to the north and west by muskeg tundra.[citation needed]

Climate

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High Level has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), with precipitation falling chiefly during the spring and summer, and wide temperature variations, rendering warm summers for the classification. The hottest recorded temperature, of 35.2 °C (95.4 °F) was on August 9, 1985, with the coldest recorded temperature −50.6 °C (−59.1 °F) on January 13, 1972. The name notwithstanding, this town lies at a low elevation for an Alberta community and the regional topography contributes to the extremes of temperature. In winter, very cold air often pools over the area. In summer, air masses originating from higher elevations warm by compression as they descend to High Level. Summer temperatures render High Level well within the vegetation zone, and winter average temperatures are less severe than further east in Canada even on lower latitudes.

Climate data for High Level (High Level Airport)
Climate ID: 3073146; coordinates 58°37′17″N 117°09′53″W / 58.62139°N 117.16472°W / 58.62139; -117.16472 (High Level Airport); elevation: 338 m (1,109 ft); 1981−2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 11.4 14.2 16.4 29.8 33.8 35.0 39.8 36.4 32.2 26.2 13.4 13.7 39.8
Record high °C (°F) 11.3
(52.3)
14.6
(58.3)
17.4
(63.3)
30.2
(86.4)
33.9
(93.0)
31.5
(88.7)
34.4
(93.9)
35.2
(95.4)
30.2
(86.4)
25.2
(77.4)
15.0
(59.0)
14.2
(57.6)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) −15.0
(5.0)
−10.4
(13.3)
−2.4
(27.7)
8.7
(47.7)
16.2
(61.2)
21.3
(70.3)
23.0
(73.4)
21.1
(70.0)
14.8
(58.6)
5.3
(41.5)
−7.7
(18.1)
−12.8
(9.0)
5.2
(41.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −20.4
(−4.7)
−16.9
(1.6)
−9.4
(15.1)
2.0
(35.6)
9.1
(48.4)
14.3
(57.7)
16.5
(61.7)
14.4
(57.9)
8.4
(47.1)
0.4
(32.7)
−12.3
(9.9)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
Average low °C (°F) −25.8
(−14.4)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−16.4
(2.5)
−4.7
(23.5)
2.0
(35.6)
7.3
(45.1)
9.9
(49.8)
7.6
(45.7)
1.9
(35.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
−16.8
(1.8)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−7.2
(19.0)
Record low °C (°F) −50.6
(−59.1)
−46.1
(−51.0)
−45.0
(−49.0)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−13.7
(7.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
−4.4
(24.1)
−13.9
(7.0)
−36.3
(−33.3)
−43.4
(−46.1)
−47.2
(−53.0)
−50.6
(−59.1)
Record low wind chill −57.1 −51.1 −50.3 −35.8 −22.1 −3.8 0.0 −6.1 −17.5 −32.9 −53.0 −54.5 −57.1
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19.5
(0.77)
17.5
(0.69)
18.2
(0.72)
14.7
(0.58)
35.8
(1.41)
51.3
(2.02)
66.2
(2.61)
43.3
(1.70)
31.6
(1.24)
30.6
(1.20)
24.5
(0.96)
18.8
(0.74)
372.1
(14.65)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.67
(0.03)
0.43
(0.02)
1.2
(0.05)
7.9
(0.31)
30.2
(1.19)
51.3
(2.02)
66.2
(2.61)
43.2
(1.70)
28.8
(1.13)
13.4
(0.53)
1.2
(0.05)
0.52
(0.02)
245.0
(9.65)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 24.1
(9.5)
21.1
(8.3)
21.5
(8.5)
7.6
(3.0)
6.1
(2.4)
0.01
(0.00)
0.0
(0.0)
0.09
(0.04)
2.6
(1.0)
18.6
(7.3)
28.8
(11.3)
23.7
(9.3)
154.2
(60.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 12.0 10.2 8.0 5.5 9.4 11.2 13.0 11.7 10.1 9.7 12.2 11.0 124.0
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.52 0.42 0.48 3.0 8.8 11.2 13.0 11.7 9.6 4.9 1.2 0.72 65.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 12.0 10.6 8.2 3.1 1.6 0.04 0.0 0.07 0.81 6.0 12.4 11.5 66.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 52.6 96.2 178.5 239.4 280.1 298.2 295.2 264.4 168.0 101.3 46.0 35.3 2,055.1
Percent possible sunshine 23.8 36.8 48.9 55.4 53.7 54.5 54.1 55.3 43.5 31.7 19.5 17.7 41.2
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada[7]

Fauna

High Level has a variety of wildlife, including wolves, coyotes, ravens, and many types of insects. Hunters can find moose, deer, bear and geese. There are over 150 species of birds known to nest in the area.[6]

Demographics

Federal census
population history
YearPop.±%
1966708—    
19711,614+128.0%
19761,562−3.2%
19812,194+40.5%
19863,004+36.9%
19912,849−5.2%
19963,093+8.6%
20013,444+11.3%
20063,887+12.9%
20113,641−6.3%
20163,159−13.2%
20213,922+24.2%
Source: Statistics Canada
[8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of High Level had a population of 3,922 living in 1,313 of its 1,467 total private dwellings, a change of 24.2% from its 2016 population of 3,159. With a land area of 28.7 km2 (11.1 sq mi), it had a population density of 136.7/km2 (353.9/sq mi) in 2021.[3]

The population of the Town High Level of according to its 2017 municipal census is 3,992,[15] a change of 4.4% from its 2015 municipal census population of 3,823.[16]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of High Level recorded a population of 3,159 living in 1,096 of its 1,339 total private dwellings, a -13.2% change from its 2011 population of 3,641. With a land area of 29.2 km2 (11.3 sq mi), it had a population density of 108.2/km2 (280.2/sq mi) in 2016.[14]

Economy

The area surrounding High Level is known for its oil reserves and forests. Two large oil and gas fields, Rainbow Lake which is located west of the town and Zama City which is located North West of the town[17] provides services to the oil patch. One OSB mill (which closed in 2007, and reopened in 2015 after the merger of Ainsworth and Norbord) is located south of High Level and a dimensional lumber mill is located in the town's industrial area.

High Level has the most northerly grain elevator in Canada and is a grain terminal for the large agricultural area. There are approximately 350,000 cultivated acres of farm land in the region and farmers transport their grains from up to 120 km (75 mi) away.[18]

Government

The town has a council consisting of a mayor (Crystal McAteer) and six councillors (Brent Anderson, Robyn Dwyer, Terrance Jessiman, Joshua Lambert, Boyd Ernest Langford, Jan Welke).[19]

Infrastructure

Both airplane and helicopter services are available in High Level. Due to the 'remote' or northern location, medevac and chartered services, provided by Nor-Alta Aviation, Highland Helicopters and Delta Helicopters, are offered to serve the surrounding communities.

Scheduled airline service is offered by both Central Mountain Air[20] and Northwestern Air;[21] direct flights to Edmonton, Calgary, Lloydminster, Rainbow Lake, Hay River and Fort Smith are offered daily except Saturdays.

Telephone service is provided by the incumbent carrier Telus as well as Northwestel.

Regional businesses are represented by the High Level and District Chamber of Commerce.[22]

Education

High Level has three public schools and one private school.

Media

The local radio station is CKHL-FM 102.1, part of the YL Country network of stations based at CKYL in Peace River. In addition, two radio services have repeaters: CBXL 99.5 FM, carrying CBC Radio One as a repeater of CBX Edmonton, and CFKX-FM 106.1, repeating CKKX-FM from Peace River. The local newspaper is The Echo.

Television is available by way of locally owned low-powered analogue repeaters of CITV-DT Edmonton (CH2807 channel 10) and CHAN-DT Vancouver (CH2808 channel 12),[24] both owned by the High Level Community Hall Society.[25][26]

The cable television system, in operation for 25 years as High Level Cable, was purchased in August 2006 by Northwestel Cable. Both analog and digital formats are available for television service. High-speed Internet service is also available from Northwestel.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Location and History Profile: Town of High Level" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 7, 2016. p. 309. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 25, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  2. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 9, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities)". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  4. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and population centres". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  5. ^ "HIGH LEVEL, Alberta". www.discoverthepeacecountry.com. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  6. ^ a b c "HIGH LEVEL, Alberta". www.discoverthepeacecountry.com. Archived from the original on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  7. ^ "High Level A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment and Climate Change Canada. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  8. ^ "Table 9: Population by census subdivisions, 1966 by sex, and 1961". 1966 Census of Canada. Western Provinces. Vol. Population: Divisions and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1967.
  9. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Vol. Population: Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977.
  10. ^ "Table 2: Census Subdivisions in Alphabetical Order, Showing Population Rank, Canada, 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Vol. Census subdivisions in decreasing population order. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. ISBN 0-660-51563-6.
  11. ^ "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Vol. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. pp. 100–108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3.
  12. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  13. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. January 6, 2010. Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  14. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  15. ^ 2017 Municipal Affairs Population List (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4601-3652-2. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 12, 2018. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
  16. ^ 2016 Municipal Affairs Population List (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4601-3127-5. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 9, 2017. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
  17. ^ "High Level to Zama City". High Level to Zama City. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  18. ^ "Economic Base | High Level, AB". www.highlevel.ca. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  19. ^ "2021 Municipal Election Results". Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  20. ^ Central Mountain Air
  21. ^ Northwestern Air Lease
  22. ^ High Level & District Chamber of Commerce
  23. ^ "High Level Public School High Level Alberta Academic school ranking". alberta.compareschoolrankings.org. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  24. ^ "W9WI.com/TV Database Online/(states)Alberta". www.w9wi.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  25. ^ "REC Broadcast Query: CH2807". recnet.com. Archived from the original on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  26. ^ "REC Broadcast Query: CH2808". recnet.com. Archived from the original on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018.