2021 Canadian census

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Canadian Census 2021 logo.svg
Statistics Canada's visual identifier for
its 2021 Census of Population
Statistics Canada logo.svg
General information
CountryCanada
AuthorityStatistics Canada
Websitestatcan.gc.ca/census
Results
Total population36,991,981 (Increase 5.2%)
Most populous ​province/territoryOntario (14,223,942)
Least populous ​province/territoryNunavut (36,858)

The 2021 Canadian census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population with a reference date of May 11, 2021.[1] It follows the 2016 Canadian census, which recorded a population of 35,151,728.[2] The overall response rate was 98%, which is slightly lower than the response rate for the 2016 census.[3] It recorded a population of 36,991,981, a 5.2% increase from 2016.[4]

Planning

Consultation on census program content was from September 11 to December 8, 2017.[5] The census was conducted by Statistics Canada, and was contactless as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada.[6] The agency had considered delaying the census until 2022.[7]

About 900 supervisors and 31,000 field enumerators were hired to conduct the door-to-door survey of individuals and households who had not completed the census questionnaire by late May or early June.[1] Canvassing agents wore masks and maintained a physical distance to comply with COVID-19 safety regulations.[8]

Questionnaire

In early May 2021, Statistics Canada began sending mailings to households throughout Canada containing instructions for completing the census questionnaire.[9] The questionnaires could be completed by returning the paper questionnaire, or by phone or online by using an access code provided in the mailing.[9] Statistics Canada expected about 80% of households to complete the questionnaire online.[9] It was also available in large-print, braille, audio, and video formats.[10] The questionnaire questions were available in a number of languages (Arabic, simplified and traditional Chinese, Italian, Korean, Persian, Portuguese, Punjabi, Russian, Spanish, Urdu, and Vietnamese) and indigenous languages (Atikamekw, Denesuline, Nunavik and Nunavut Inuktitut, Mohawk, Montagnais, Naskapi, Northern Quebec Cree, Ojibwe, Oji-Cree, Plains Cree, Swampy Cree, and Tłı̨chǫ), but the questionnaire had to be completed in either English or French.[10]

The standard short-form questionnaire was to be completed by 75% of households.[9] The other 25% completed a long-form questionnaire to collect data about the household's economic and social state, information about the occupied dwelling, and other data in addition to age, languages spoken, marital status, religious affiliation, and other basic data collected in the short-form questionnaire.[9]

Those who completed the census questionnaire online could listen to a number of soundtracks on Spotify and YouTube prepared by Statistics Canada.[9]

Completing the questionnaire is a legal requirement, and those who refuse to do so may be fined up to $500.[9] It must be completed by citizens of Canada, permanent residents, refugee claimants, and those with a study or work permit.[11]

Data release schedule

The release dates for data by release topic from the 2021 census are:[12]

Data

Statistics Canada links income and related information obtained from the Canada Revenue Agency, and immigration status obtained from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, to the census responses.[13]

The 2021 Canadian census included new questions "critical to measuring equity, diversity and inclusivity".[9] For the first time, questions were asked about commuting methods and the census counted transgender people and people of non-binary gender. Canada has been noted in this instance to be the first country to provide census data on transgender and non-binary people.[14]

Results

Population and dwellings

Rank Province or territory Population as of
2021 census
Population as of
2016 census
Change Percent
change
1  Ontario 14,223,942 13,448,494 775,448 Increase 5.8% Increase
2  Quebec 8,501,833 8,164,361 337,472 Increase 4.1% Increase
3  British Columbia 5,000,879 4,648,055 352,824 Increase 7.6% Increase
4  Alberta 4,262,635 4,067,175 195,460 Increase 4.8% Increase
5  Manitoba 1,342,153 1,278,365 63,788 Increase 5.0% Increase
6  Saskatchewan 1,132,505 1,098,352 34,153 Increase 3.1% Increase
7  Nova Scotia 969,383 923,598 45,785 Increase 5.0% Increase
8  New Brunswick 775,610 747,101 28,509 Increase 3.8% Increase
9  Newfoundland and Labrador 510,550 519,716 −9,166 Decrease −1.8% Decrease
10  Prince Edward Island 154,331 142,907 11,424 Increase 8.0% Increase
11  Northwest Territories 41,070 41,786 −716 Decrease −1.7% Decrease
12  Yukon 40,232 35,874 4,358 Increase 12.1% Increase
13  Nunavut 36,858 35,944 914 Increase 2.5% Increase
 Canada 36,991,981 35,151,728 1,840,253 Increase 5.2% Increase

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Jones, Ryan (April 4, 2021). "StatsCan says it's ready to conduct census despite pandemic's resurgence". CBC News. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  2. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Canada". Statistics Canada. August 25, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
  3. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (November 17, 2021). "2021 Census of Population collection response rates". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  4. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (February 9, 2022). "Download". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  5. ^ "2021 Census of Population Content Consultation". Statistics Canada. September 6, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
  6. ^ Rabson, Mia (July 17, 2020). "StatsCan plans 'contactless' census for 2021 in response to COVID-19". CBC News. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  7. ^ Press, Jordan (March 8, 2021). "Statistics Canada considered delaying 2021 census over pandemic concerns". Global News. The Canadian Press. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  8. ^ "2021 census arriving amid pandemic". CBC News. May 4, 2021. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Sandri, Emma (April 29, 2021). "'A sense of civic pride': People across Canada look forward to the 2021 census". National Post. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  10. ^ a b "Frequently asked questions—Accessibility, alternate formats and non-official languages". Statistics Canada. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  11. ^ Desjardins, Lynn (May 3, 2021). "In pandemic, Canadians urged to complete census online". Radio Canada International. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  12. ^ "2021 Census Program release schedule". Statistics Canada. February 23, 2016. Archived from the original on May 12, 2021. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
  13. ^ Feagan, Sean (February 4, 2021). "2021 census a few months away". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  14. ^ "Canada is the first country to provide census data on transgender and non-binary people". Statistics Canada. April 27, 2022. Retrieved April 29, 2022.