1911 Canadian census

← 1906 June 1, 1911 1916 →

General information
CountryCanada
Results
Total population7,206,643 (Increase 34%)

The 1911 Canadian census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. The census was started on June 1, 1911. All reports had been received by February 26, 1912. The total population count of Canada was 7,206,643.[1] This was an increase of 34% over the 1901 census of 5,371,315.[2]

The previous census was the Northwest Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba 1906 census and the following census was the Northwest Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba 1916 census.

Census summary

Information was collected on the following subjects, with a separate "schedule" or census data collection form associated with each subject:

  1. Population
  2. Mortality, Disability and Compensation
  3. Houses, Buildings and Fruit
  4. Agriculture: Field Crops - Grain and Other Field Crops for the Harvest Year 1910
  5. Agriculture: Hoed Crops, Tobacco, Hops and Grass Seeds in 1910 and Field Crop Areas in 1911
  6. Agriculture: Animal and Animal Products
  7. Farm and Urban Values
  8. Forest Products
  9. Manufactures
  10. Churches, Schools, etc.
  11. Fisheries
  12. Dairy Factories
  13. Mineral Products

The 1911 census was the last census to include questions about "infirmities". In 1911, 28,611 people were identified as "infirm":

People who were deaf but able to speak were not classified as infirm.

Population by province

[3]

Province 1911 census 1901 census % change
Prince Edward Island 93,728 103,259 -9.2
Nova Scotia 492,338 459,574 7.1
New Brunswick 351,889 331,120 6.3
Quebec 2,005,776 1,648,898 21.6
Ontario 2,527,292 2,182,947 15.8
Manitoba 461,394 255,211 80.8
Saskatchewan 492,432 91,279 439
Alberta 374,295 73,022 413
British Columbia 392,480 178,657 119.7
Yukon Territory 8,512 27,219 -68.7
Northwest Territories 6,507 20,129 -67.7
Total 7,206,643 5,371,315 34

Methodology

The census was conducted by the Canadian Ministry of Agriculture under the authority of the Census and Statistics Act of 1905. 9,703 enumerators visited homes across the country, asked the required questions and recorded the responses from each household onto paper forms. For the census, each province or territory was subdivided into districts, usually based on electoral districts, cities or counties, which were in turn divided into sub-districts, which were towns, townships, city wards or parishes. One handwritten line in English or French was entered for each person enumerated. The responses were collected, tabulated and summary statistics were produced. In 1955, the paper records of responses were microfilmed and the original paper forms were destroyed.[4] The microfilm has since been scanned and converted into a series of images which are now available online at the Library and Archives Canada web site.

See also

References

  1. ^ "OGSPI 1911 Census Menu". The Ontario Genealogical Society (OGS). 2005. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
  2. ^ "Canadian Immigration – Early 1900s". British immigrants in Montreal. 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-24.
  3. ^ Canada, Canada (6 May 2019). "Census 1911". Canada. Canada. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  4. ^ "General census guide". Library and Archives Canada. 19 May 2023. Archived from the original on 5 July 2023. Retrieved 5 July 2023.