|Alberta Highway 35|
Northwest Territories Highway 1
|Length||1,160 km (720 mi)|
|Length||469 km (291 mi)|
|South end||Hwy 2A in Grimshaw|
|Major intersections|| Hwy 2 near Grimshaw|
Hwy 986 near Grimshaw
Hwy 697 near Paddle Prairie
Hwy 58 at High Level
|Length||690 km (430 mi)|
|Major intersections|| Highway 2 at Enterprise|
Highway 7 near Fort Simpson
The Mackenzie Highway is a Canadian highway in northern Alberta and the Northwest Territories. It begins as Alberta Highway 2 at Mile Zero in Grimshaw, Alberta. After the first 4.0 km (2.5 mi), it becomes Alberta Highway 35 for the balance of its length through Alberta and then becomes Northwest Territories Highway 1.
The Mackenzie Highway is designated as part of Canada's National Highway System, holding core route status from its terminus at Grimshaw to its intersection with the Yellowknife Highway, and northern/remote route status for the remainder of the route to its northern terminus at Wrigley.
Originally begun in 1938, prior to World War II, the project was abandoned at the outbreak of war. It resumed in the late 1940s and completed to Hay River, Northwest Territories, in 1948/1949, but some sections, particularly in the vicinity of Steen River, remained difficult.
In 1960, it was extended from Enterprise, approximately 39 km (24 mi) south of Hay River, to the northwest, then north past Fort Providence to Behchoko (at the time, known as Rae-Edzo) and southeast to the City of Yellowknife, which became the capital of the Northwest Territories in 1967. Much of the extension is now known as Northwest Territories Highway 3, or the Yellowknife Highway. The 39 km (24 mi) stretch from Enterprise to Hay River is Northwest Territories Highway 2.
Around 1970, the highway was extended west from what is now the southern terminus of Highway 3 to reach Fort Simpson, and in 1971, when the section to Fort Simpson was opened to traffic, work began to prepare a road grade from there to Wrigley, but the work was abandoned. The roadway, which starts at a junction 3.5 km (2.2 mi) from the island that includes "downtown" Fort Simpson, was finally opened in 1994 and includes the N'dulee ferry and ice crossings.
On November 8, 2013, the portion of the highway from the Alberta/Northwest Territories border to Enterprise was designated the Highway of Heroes.
There are social and economic studies being done on the extension of the highway north from Wrigley to join the Dempster Highway; the territorial government has completed 34 bridges across all but six of the widest river crossings that serve the ice road and await the all-weather route. In June 2018, an announcement of $140 million funding would result in a bridge over Great Bear River and extend the Mackenzie Highway's all-weather road north by 15 km to Mount Gaudet.
Just east of Fort Simpson's airport, the highway crosses the Liard River by ferry (summer) and ice bridge (winter). 45 km (28 mi) further east of the crossing, the location known as Checkpoint is the site of a former gas station at the junction with the Liard Highway (Northwest Territories Highway 7, British Columbia Highway 77) from Fort Nelson, British Columbia.
|Province / Territory||Municipality / Region||Location||km||mi||Destinations||Notes|
|Alberta||M.D. of Peace No. 135||Grimshaw||0||0.0|| Hwy 2A east (55 Avenue) – Peace River|
Hwy 2 south – Fairview, Grande Prairie
|Mile Zero Mackenzie Highway.|
|||4||2.5||Hwy 2 east – Peace River, Edmonton||Hwy 2 branches east;|
Mackenzie Hwy follows Hwy 35;
south end of National Highway System Core Route.
|Hwy 35 south terminus|
|Northern Lights||||13||8.1||Hwy 737 west (Warrensville Road)|
|20||12||Hwy 986 east – Little Buffalo, Red Earth Creek|
|Dixonville||39||24||Hwy 689 west|
|||62||39||Hwy 690 east – Deadwood|
|Manning||82||51||Hwy 691 east|
|||120||75||Hwy 692 east – Notikewin Provincial Park|
|179||111||Hwy 695 east – Carcajou||South end of Hwy 695 concurrency.|
|186||116||Hwy 695 west – Keg River||North end of Hwy 695 concurrency.|
|219||136||Hwy 697 east – Tompkins Landing Ferry, La Crete, Fort Vermilion|
|Mackenzie||High Level||278||173||Hwy 58 west – Rainbow Lake, Assumption||South end of Hwy 58 concurrency|
|279||173||Hwy 58 east – Fort Vermilion, La Crete, John D'or Prairie||North end of Hwy 58 concurrency|
|||363||226||Crosses Hay River|
|364||226||Zama Road – Zama City|
|Alberta – Northwest Territories border|
Hwy 35 north terminus • Highway 1 south terminus
|Northwest Territories||South Slave||Enterprise||83||52||Highway 2 north (Hay River Highway) – Hay River, Fort Smith||Hwy 1 turns west.|
|||167||104||Kakisa Access Road – Kakisa|
|168||104||Crosses Kakisa River|
|186||116||Highway 3 north (Yellowknife Highway) – Fort Providence, Yellowknife||North end of National Highway System Core Route;|
south end of Northern & Remote Route.
|Dehcho||||324||201||Crosses Trout River|
|376||234||Jean Marie River Access Road – Jean Marie River|
|Checkpoint||412||256||Highway 7 south (Liard Highway) – Fort Liard, Fort Nelson||Hwy 1 turns north.|
|||457||284||Crosses Liard River|
MV Lafferty Ferry (mid/late May to late October) • Ice bridge (late November to mid April)
|Fort Simpson||472||293||Fort Simpson Access Road||Hwy 1 branches northwest.|
|||489||304||Crosses Martin River|
|N’Dulee Crossing||548||341||Crosses Mackenzie River|
MV Johnny Berens Ferry (late May to late October) • Ice bridge (mid December to mid April)
|||627||390||Crosses Willowlake River|
|Wrigley||690||430||winter road – Norman Wells, Fort Good Hope, Colville Lake||Highway 1 north terminus (Mackenzie Highway)|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|