Municipal District of Greenview No. 16
Municipal District of Greenview's administration building in Valleyview
Municipal District of Greenview's administration building in Valleyview
Official seal of Municipal District of Greenview No. 16
Location within Alberta
Location within Alberta
Coordinates: 55°04′7″N 117°16′6″W / 55.06861°N 117.26833°W / 55.06861; -117.26833
CountryCanada
ProvinceAlberta
RegionNorthern Alberta
Census division18
Established1994
Government
 • ReeveTyler Olsen
 • Governing bodyMD of Greenview Council
 • Administrative officeValleyview
Area
 (2021)[2]
 • Land32,925.53 km2 (12,712.62 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[2]
 • Total8,584
 • Density0.3/km2 (0.8/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Websitemdgreenview.ab.ca

The Municipal District of Greenview No. 16 is a municipal district (MD) in northwest Alberta, Canada. It covers the full extent of Census Division 18, and with an area of 32,984 km2 (12,735 sq mi), it is the largest municipal district in Alberta.[3] Its administrative office is located in the Town of Valleyview.

History

Human settlement of the area now forming Greenview occurred millennia ago with archaeological evidence of native peoples in the Grande Cache area dating back over 10,000 years.[4]

Modern settlement occurred predominantly in the early twentieth century throughout the municipal district. Settlers and homesteaders followed various trails to found homesteads and early communities including DeBolt, Ridgevalley, and Grovedale. During the initial influx, the Edson to Grande Prairie Trail was a common route for many settlers reaching the north and east sections of Greenview.[5]

In 1968 three improvement districts, formerly 110,111 and 126, were conglomerated to establish Improvement District 16. As an Improvement District it was initially administered under Alberta's Department of Municipal Affairs. In 1996 Improvement District 16 became the MD of Greenview No. 16 and was fully self-governed.[6]

In January 2019, the former Town of Grande Cache was dissolved, becoming a hamlet under the jurisdiction of Greenview.[7]

Geography

Greenview covers a landmass with an area of 32,984.24 square kilometres and contains several geographic formations. Its westernmost portion runs along the Alberta – British Columbia border and is part of the Canadian Rockies. Its northern portion is located in Peace Country while most of the south and interior is boreal forest. The Wapiti River makes up a portion of the boundary between the County of Grande Prairie No. 1 and Greenview which also includes the Simmonette, Smoky and Little Smoky River valleys. Numerous lakes are located in Greenview. Some of the most notable are Sturgeon, Musreau, and Swan Lake as well as a portion of Snipe Lake in its northeasternmost corner.

The MD encompasses two other municipalities: the towns of Valleyview and Fox Creek as well as three reserves administered by the Sturgeon Lake Cree Nation. Greenview, in turn, is immediately neighboured by six municipalities, Wilmore Wilderness Park in the southwest and British Columbia. Grande Cache was formerly a third town within the MD until its dissolution. The town became a hamlet within Greenview on January 1, 2019.[8]

Lying on part of the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin which includes some of the largest coal and oil deposits in the world, Greenview is well known for its oil and gas-rich geology. The Hamlet of DeBolt gives its name to the Debolt Formation. Geothermal reservoirs are also abundant in certain parts of the municipal district.[9]

Communities and localities

The following localities are located within the MD of Greenview No. 16.[11]

Localities
Other places

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the MD of Greenview No. 16 had a population of 8,584 living in 3,230 of its 3,955 total private dwellings, a change of -6.2% from its 2016 population of 9,154. With a land area of 32,925.53 km2 (12,712.62 sq mi), it had a population density of 0.3/km2 (0.7/sq mi) in 2021.[2]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the MD of Greenview No. 16 had a population of 5,583 living in 2,067 of its 2,473 total private dwellings, a 5.4% change from its 2011 population of 5,299. With a land area of 32,984.24 km2 (12,735.29 sq mi), it had a population density of 0.2/km2 (0.4/sq mi) in 2016.[3]

The MD of Greenview No. 16's 2013 municipal census counted a population of 5,242,[14] a -5% change from its 2000 municipal census population of 5,516.[15]

Economy

Oil and gas is the main economic driver in the MD, along with forestry and agriculture.[16]

Attractions

Government

Municipal politics

The MD of Greenview No. 16 is governed in accordance with Alberta's Municipal Government Act.[17] Residents elect 8 ward councillors every four years.[18]

Provincial politics

Greenview is served by the provincial electoral divisions of Grande Prairie – Smoky, Grande Prairie – Wapiti and, West Yellowhead. Following the 2015 Alberta general election the major provincial parties had one representative each.[19]

Federal politics

Greenview is served by the federal electoral divisions of Grande Prairie Mackenzie, Peace River- Westlock and Yellowhead. All three are currently represented by members of the Conservative Party.

Infrastructure

As part of the CANAMEX Corridor, the presence of Highway 43 within the MD makes Greenview an important industry travel route. The Bighorn Highway (Highway 40) as well as Highway 49 also play a large role in making the area a major transportation route for the north of the province. Several small airports and heliports are in the area including the Valleyview Airport, Fox Creek Airport and DeBolt Aerodrome. They predominantly serve industry and medical facilities in the area with light aircraft.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 9, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities)". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  4. ^ "History". Aseniwuche Winewak Nation of Canada. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
  5. ^ "Edson Trail and the Long Trail". Heritage of the Mighty Peace. Archived from the original on December 8, 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "Municipal District of Greenview History". South Peace Regional Archives. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
  7. ^ "No Big Changes Expected As Grande Cache Becomes Hamlet". My Grande Prairie Now. January 4, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  8. ^ "Media Release" (PDF). Municipal District of Greenview. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  9. ^ "Geothermal energy research in Alberta making strides with new technology". CBC News. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Specialized and Rural Municipalities and Their Communities" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. June 3, 2024. Retrieved June 14, 2024.
  11. ^ "Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2006, Economic Regions: 4818015 - Greenview No. 16, geographical codes and localities, 2006". Statistics Canada. March 5, 2010. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
  12. ^ a b Geo-Administrative Areas (Hamlet, Locality and Townsite Culture Points) (Geodatabase layer) (Map). AltaLIS. October 26, 2020. Retrieved October 2, 2021.((cite map)): CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  13. ^ "Ward 4: Sunset House & Sweathouse" (PDF) (PDF). Municipal District of Greenview No. 16. June 2, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
  14. ^ "2013 Census Newsletter" (PDF) (PDF). Municipal District of Greenview No. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 15, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  15. ^ "2000 Official Population List" (PDF) (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. September 1, 2000. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  16. ^ "Why Valleyview". Town of Valleyview. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
  17. ^ Alberta Queen's Printer (September 17, 2012). "Municipal Government Act". Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  18. ^ "2013 Election Results". Municipal District of Greenview No. 16. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  19. ^ "Alberta election 2015 results: From PC blue to NDP orange". CBC News. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  20. ^ "Airports Alberta, Canada". Our Airports. Retrieved August 3, 2017.