In Indonesia, village or subdistrict is the fourth-level subdivision below a district, regency/city, and province. There are a number of names and types for villages in Indonesia, with desa (rural village) being the most frequently used for regencies and kelurahan (urban village) for cities. According to the 2019 report by the Ministry of Home Affairs, there are 8,488 urban villages and 74,953 rural villages in Indonesia.[1]

Types of villages

Kelurahan

The kelurahan office of Gelora, Central Jakarta, Jakarta
The kelurahan office of Gelora, Central Jakarta, Jakarta

Kelurahan is an urban village terminology primarily used in cities, but also tiny parts of regencies.[2][3] It is commonly translated to English as subdistrict. The leader of kelurahan is called lurah. A lurah is a civil servant appointed by the district head. According to the Regulation of the Minister of Home Affairs Number 31 of 2006, a kelurahan can be created with the following criteria:

A kelurahan must have a government office, an established transportation network, adequate communication facilities, and public facilities. If it no longer meets the above conditions it can be abolished or combined with other kelurahans based on the results of research and studies conducted by the city/regency government.[4]

Desa

The desa office of Boludawa, Bone Bolango Regency, Gorontalo
The desa office of Boludawa, Bone Bolango Regency, Gorontalo

Desa is a rural village terminology used in the majority of regencies in Indonesia.[3] However, several provinces have adopted their own terminology for their traditional villages (desa adat). The leader of a desa does not have a civil servant status and is chosen by the public through an election. According to the Law Number 6 of 2014, desa and desa adat are legal community units that have territorial boundaries that are authorized to regulate and administer government affairs, community interests based on community initiatives, original rights, and/or traditional rights recognized and respected in the government system of the Republic of Indonesia.[5]

Variations of desa terminology in Indonesia include:

Number of villages

Provinces Number of villages as of 2019[1]
Kelurahan Desa Total
Aceh 0 6,497 6,497
North Sumatra 693 5,417 6,110
West Sumatra 230 928 1,158
Riau 268 1,591 1,859
Jambi 163 1,399 1,562
South Sumatra 387 2,853 3,240
Bengkulu 172 1,341 1,513
Lampung 205 2,435 2,640
Bangka Belitung Islands 82 309 391
Riau Islands 142 275 417
Special Capital Region of Jakarta 267 0 267
West Java 645 5,312 5,957
Central Java 753 7,809 8,562
Special Region of Yogyakarta 46 392 438
East Java 777 7,724 8,501
Banten 313 1,238 1,551
Bali 80 636 716
West Nusa Tenggara 142 995 1,137
East Nusa Tenggara 327 3,026 3,353
West Kalimantan 99 2,031 2,130
Central Kalimantan 139 1,432 1,571
South Kalimantan 144 1,864 2,008
East Kalimantan 197 841 1,038
North Kalimantan 35 447 482
North Sulawesi 332 1,507 1,839
Central Sulawesi 175 1,842 2,017
South Sulawesi 792 2,255 3,047
Southeast Sulawesi 377 1,911 2,288
Gorontalo 72 657 729
West Sulawesi 73 575 648
Maluku 35 1,198 1,233
North Maluku 118 1,063 1,181
West Papua 95 1,742 1,837
Papua 110 5,411 5,521
Total 8,488 74,953 83,441

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b "Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 72 Tahun 2019 tentang Perubahan atas Permendagri nomor 137 Tahun 2017 tentang Kode dan Data Wilayah Administrasi Pemerintahan". Minister of Home Affairs Regulation No. 72 of 2019 (PDF) (in Indonesian). Minister of Home Affairs.
  2. ^ "Nama Kecamatan, Ibukota dan Jumlah Desa/Kelurahan di Kota Jambi, 2015". Statistics Indonesia. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Nama Kecamatan, Ibukota dan Jumlah Desa/Kelurahan di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi, 2015". Statistics Indonesia. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 31 Tahun 2006 tentang Pembentukan, Penghapusan, Dan Penggabungan Kelurahan - Kemendagri". Minister of Home Affairs Regulation No. 31 of 2006 (in Indonesian). Minister of Home Affairs.
  5. ^ "Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 6 Tahun 2014 Tentang Desa". Law No. 6 of 2014 (PDF) (in Indonesian). People's Representative Council.
  6. ^ "Qanun Provinsi Aceh Nomor 5 Tahun 2003 Tentang Pemerintahan Gampong". Qanun No. 5 of 2003 (in Indonesian). Government of Aceh.
  7. ^ "Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Sumatera Barat Nomor 7 Tahun 2018 Tentang Nagari". Regional Regulation No. 7 of 2018 (in Indonesian). Government of West Sumatra.
  8. ^ "Mendagri Setujui Perda Desa Adat". Bali Post. 19 September 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Toraja Utara Nomor 3 Tahun 2014 Tentang Pemerintahan Lembang". Regional Regulation No. 3 of 2014 (in Indonesian). North Toraja Regency.
  10. ^ "Peraturan Gubernur Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Nomor 25 Tahun 2019 Tentang Pedoman Kelembagaan Urusan Keistimewaan Pada Pemerintah Kabupaten/Kota Dan Kalurahan". Governor Regulation No. 25 of 2019 (in Indonesian). Governor of Yogyakarta.