|Populations||29,884 (Åland) — 1,689,725 (Uusimaa)|
|Areas||1,553 km2 (Åland) — 92,674 km2 (Lapland)|
Finland is divided into 19 regions (Finnish: maakunta; Swedish: landskap).[a]
The regions are governed by regional councils that serve as forums of cooperation for the municipalities of each region. The councils are composed of delegates from the municipal councils. The main tasks of regional councils are regional planning, the development of enterprises, and education. Between 2004 and 2012, the regional council of Kainuu was elected via popular elections as part of an experimental regional administration.
In 2022 new wellbeing services counties were established as part of a health care and social services reform. The wellbeing services counties follow the regional borders, and are governed by directly elected county councils.
One region, Åland, has a special status and has a much higher degree of autonomy than the others, with its own Parliament and local laws, due to its unique history and the fact that the overwhelming majority of its people are Finland Swedes. The sole language of Åland is Swedish/Finland Swedish, unlike the rest of the country where Finnish and Swedish share official status. It has its own elected head of government who carries the title of Premier and heads the Lantråd, the regional executive. Most powers that would be exercised by the Government of Finland on the mainland are instead exercised by Åland-specific authorities which execute independent policy in most areas. The Åland islanders elect a single representative to the national legislature, while the Government of Finland appoints a Governor to represent the national government on Åland. Åland is a demilitarized zone and Åland islanders are exempt from conscription.
In addition to inter-municipal cooperation, which is the responsibility of regional councils, there are 15 Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (Finnish: elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus, abbreviated ely-keskus), which is responsible for the local administration of labour, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and entrepreneurial affairs. They are each responsible for one or more of regions of Finland, and include offices of the Ministries of Employment and the Economy, Transport and Communications and Environment. The Finnish Defence Forces regional offices are responsible for the regional defence preparations and for the administration of conscription within the region.
|Flag||Coat of arms||English name||Finnish name||Swedish name||Capital||Area (km2)||Population
(31 Dec 2019)
|North Ostrobothnia||Pohjois-Pohjanmaa||Norra Österbotten||Oulu||36,815||412,830|
|North Karelia||Pohjois-Karjala||Norra Karelen||Joensuu||17,761||161,211|
|North Savo||Pohjois-Savo||Norra Savolax||Kuopio||16,768||244,236|
|South Savo||Etelä-Savo||Södra Savolax||Mikkeli||14,257||142,335|
|South Karelia||Etelä-Karjala||Södra Karelen||Lappeenranta||5,327||127,757|
|Central Finland||Keski-Suomi||Mellersta Finland||Jyväskylä||16,703||275,104|
|South Ostrobothnia||Etelä-Pohjanmaa||Södra Österbotten||Seinäjoki||13,444||188,685|
|Central Ostrobothnia||Keski-Pohjanmaa||Mellersta Österbotten||Kokkola||5,020||68,158|
|Southwest Finland||Varsinais-Suomi||Egentliga Finland||Turku||10,663||479,341|
|Coat of arms||Name||Official English name||Finnish name||Swedish name||Capital||Dissolution (date)|
|Eastern Uusimaa||Itä-Uusimaa||Itä-Uusimaa||Östra Nyland||Porvoo||January 1, 2011|
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|Subdivisions of Finland|