Regions of Kazakhstan
Қазақстан облыстары (Kazakh)
Области Казахстана (Russian)
  • Also known as:
  • Province
    Oblast
Kazakhstan provinces and their capitals since 8th June of 2022
CategoryUnitary state
LocationRepublic of Kazakhstan
Number17 regions and 4 cities (Almaty, Nur-Sultan, Baikonur, Shymkent)
Populations36,175 (Baikonur) – 2,685,009 (Turkistan)
Areas680 km2 (263 sq mi) (Almaty) – 427,980 km2 (165,245 sq mi) (Karaganda)
Government
Subdivisions

Kazakhstan is divided into 17 regions (Kazakh: облыстар/oblystar; singular: облыс/oblys; Russian: области/oblasti; singular: область/oblast' ). The regions are further subdivided into districts (Kazakh: аудандар/audandar; singular: аудан/audan; Russian: районы/rayoni; singular: Russian: район/rayon). Four cities (Baikonur, Shymkent, the largest city Almaty, and the capital Nur-Sultan) are not part of the regions they are surrounded by.

On 16 March 2022, Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev announced that three new regions would be created.[1] Abai Region was created from East Kazakhstan Region with its capital in Semey. Ulytau Region was created from Karaganda Region with its capital in Jezkazgan. Jetisu Region was created from Almaty Region with its capital in Taldykorgan; Almaty Region's capital was moved from Taldykorgan to Qonaev.[2]

Coat of arms Full English name Type Capital Full Kazakh name Full Russian name Standard time
Abai Region region Semey Абай облысы
Abai oblysy
Абайская область
Abaiskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of Arms of Aqmola Province (new).png
Akmola Region region Kokshetau Ақмола облысы
Aqmola oblysy
Акмолинская область
Akmolinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Aktyubinsk-obl-coat-of-arms.png
Aktobe Region region Aktobe Ақтөбе облысы
Aqtöbe oblysy
Актюбинская область
Aktyubinskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Coat of arms of Almaty.svg
Almaty city[nb 1] Алматы қаласы
Almaty qalasy
город Алматы
gorod Almaty
UTC+06:00
Алматы облысы герб.png
Almaty Region region Qonaev Алматы облысы
Almaty oblysy
Алматинская область
Almatinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of arms of Atyrau.svg
Atyrau Region region[nb 2] Atyrau Атырау облысы
Atyrau oblysy
Атырауская область
Atyrauskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Baikonur seal.png
Baikonur city[nb 3] Байқоңыр қаласы
Baiqoñyr qalasy
город Байконур
gorod Baykonur
UTC+05:00[3]
Coats of arms of East Kazakhstan Province.svg
East Kazakhstan Region region Oskemen Шығыс Қазақстан облысы
Şyğys Qazaqstan oblysy
Восточно-Казахстанская область
Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Zhambyl province seal.png
Jambyl Region region Taraz Жамбыл облысы
Jambyl oblysy
Жамбылская область
Zhambylskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Jetisu Region region Taldykorgan Жетісу облысы
Jetısu oblysy
Жетысуская область
Zhetysuskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of Arms of Karagandy Province.svg
Karaganda Region region Karaganda Қарағанды облысы
Qarağandy oblysy
Карагандинская область
Karagandinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Logo Kostanay Province.png
Kostanay Region region Kostanay Қостанай облысы
Qostanai oblysy
Костанайская область
Kostanayskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Kyzylorda province seal.svg
Kyzylorda Region region Kyzylorda Қызылорда облысы
Qyzylorda oblysy
Кызылординская область
Kyzylordinskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Маңғыстау логотибі.jpg
Mangystau Region region Aktau Маңғыстау облысы
Mañğystau oblysy
Мангыстауская область
Mangystauskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
North Kazakhstan province seal.svg
North Kazakhstan Region region Petropavl Солтүстік Қазақстан облысы
Soltüstık Qazaqstan oblysy
Северо-Казахстанская область
Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Emblem of Nur-Sultan-1.svg
Nur-Sultan city[nb 1] Нұр-Сұлтан қаласы
Nūr-Sūltan qalasy
город Нур-Султан
gorod Nur-Sultan
UTC+06:00
Logo Pavlodar region.png
Pavlodar Region region Pavlodar Павлодар облысы
Pavlodar oblysy
Павлодарская область
Pavlodarskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Shymkent logo.svg
Shymkent city[nb 1] Шымкент қаласы
Şymkent qalasy
город Шымкент
gorod Shymkent
UTC+06:00
South Kazakhstan province seal.png
Turkistan Region (formerly South Kazakhstan) region Turkistan Түркістан облысы
Türkıstan oblysy
Туркестанская область
Turkestanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Ulytau Region region Jezkazgan Ұлытау облысы
Ūlytau oblysy
Улытауская область
Ulytauskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of Arms Batys Oblysy.png
West Kazakhstan Region region[nb 2] Oral Батыс Қазақстан облысы
Batys Qazaqstan oblysy
Западно-Казахстанская область
Zapadno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
The share of the European population by districts and cities of regional and republican subordination Kazakhstan in 2022 .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  ≥70%   60.0 – 69.9%   50.0 – 59.9%   40.0 – 49.9%   30.0 – 39.9%   20.0 – 29.9%   10.0 – 19.9%   0.0 – 9.9%
The share of the European population by districts and cities of regional and republican subordination Kazakhstan in 2022
  ≥70%
  60.0 – 69.9%
  50.0 – 59.9%
  40.0 – 49.9%
  30.0 – 39.9%
  20.0 – 29.9%
  10.0 – 19.9%
  0.0 – 9.9%
Notes
^1 Almaty, Nur-Sultan and Shymkent cities have the status of State significance and do not relate to any region.
^2 The West Kazakhstan and Atyrau regions are both partly located in Eastern Europe as the Ural River run through Atyrau and Oral, their respective capital cities.
^3 Baikonur city has a special status because it is currently being leased to Russia with Baikonur Cosmodrome until the year 2050.

Demographic statistics

Entity Capital Area (km2) Population
(2009 census)[4]
Population Density ISO 3166-2 Code
Akmola Region Kokshetau 146,219 0,737,495 5.044 KZ-AKM
Aktobe Region Aktobe 300,629 0,757,768 2.521 KZ-AKT
Almaty Almaty 000,319 1,365,632 4281 KZ-ALA
Almaty Region Taldykorgan 223,924 1,807,894 6.099 KZ-ALM
Nur-Sultan Nur-Sultan 000,710 0,613,006 863.4 KZ-AST
Atyrau Region Atyrau 118,631 0,510,377 4.302 KZ-ATY
Baikonur Baikonur 000,057 0,036,175 644.6 KZ-BAY*
East Kazakhstan Region Oskemen 283,226 1,396,593 4.931 KZ-VOS
Jambyl Region Taraz 144,264 1,022,129 7.085 KZ-ZHA
Karaganda Region Karaganda 427,982 1,341,700 3.135 KZ-KAR
Kostanay Region Kostanay 196,001 0,885,570 4.518 KZ-KUS
Kyzylorda Region Kyzylorda 226,019 0,678,794 3.003 KZ-KZY
Mangystau Region Aktau 165,642 0,485,392 2.930 KZ-MAN
North Kazakhstan Region Petropavl 097,993 0,596,535 6.088 KZ-SEV
Pavlodar Region Pavlodar 124,800 0,742,475 5.948 KZ-PAV
Shymkent Shymkent 0,1,170 0,603,499 515.81 KZ-
Turkistan Region Turkistan 117,249 2,469,357 21.06 KZ-TUR
West Kazakhstan Region Oral 151,339 0,598,880 3.957 KZ-ZAP

Former administrative boundaries

Change of oblast names and boundaries from 1954 to today
Change of oblast names and boundaries from 1954 to today

Over the last 60 years, both the distribution and names of regions of Kazakhstan have changed considerably. Major changes were several fusions and splits between Guryev and Mangystau, Karaganda and Dzhezkazgan, Almaty and Taldy-Kurgan, East Kazakhstan and Semipalatinsk and Kostanay, Turgay and Tselinograd, respectively. Changes in region names were often in line with the renaming of cities, such as in the case of Alma-Ata/Almaty. After the administrative reform in 1997, the last change happened since then took place in 1999, when parts of North Kazakhstan that originally belonged to Kokshetau region became part of Akmola. The 1990s merges were in order to dilute the Russian population in the resulting region and to avoid having regions where Russians form a majority.[5]

References

  1. ^ "В Казахстане появится четыре новых региона". Interfax.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  2. ^ INFORM.KZ. "3 new regions established in Kazakhstan". Казинформ. qazinform. Retrieved 22 May 2022..
  3. ^ On the time change in the city of Baikonur and Kyzylorda region, Administration of the city of Baikonur, 13 December 2018 (in Russian).
  4. ^ "Analytical report" (PDF). www.liportal.de. 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  5. ^ Bologov, Pyotr (25 August 2016). "Три угрозы для Назарбаева: насколько стабилен Казахстан" (in Russian). carnegie.ru. Retrieved 29 August 2016.

Sources