The regions of Iceland are eight areas of Iceland that roughly follow the arrangement of parliamentary constituencies as they were between 1959 and 2003. These regions are not incorporated polities but rather recognized groupings of municipalities. Iceland only has two levels of administration, the national government and 64 municipalities. The municipalities have organized themselves into eight regional associations[1] and those boundaries are also recognized by Statistics Iceland to report statistics.[2] Since 2014, police and commissioner (sýslumaður) districts have followed the eight region model with the exception that Vestmannaeyjar form a special district and are not part of the South region. The divisions of Iceland for the purposes of health care and district courts diverge more from the commonly used eight region model.

The postal code system also roughly corresponds with the regions with the first digit of the three digit codes usually being the same as on the map below.

Overview

No. English name Native name Population

(2022)[3]

Area(km²) Population density (per km²) ISO 3166-2 Number of municipalities Largest town
1 Capital Region Höfuðborgarsvæðið 240,882 1,046 230.29 IS-1 7 Reykjavík
2 Southern Peninsula Suðurnes 29,108 813 35.80 IS-2 4 Reykjanesbær
3 Western Region Vesturland 17,019 9,527 1.79 IS-3 9 Akranes
4 Westfjords Vestfirðir 7,205 8,842 0.81 IS-4 9 Ísafjörður
5 Northwestern Region Norðurland vestra 7,405 13,108 0.56 IS-5 5 Sauðárkrókur
6 Northeastern Region Norðurland eystra 31,161 22,677 1.37 IS-6 11 Akureyri
7 Eastern Region Austurland 11,031 15,706 0.70 IS-7 4 Egilsstaðir
8 Southern Region Suðurland 32,437 30,983 1.05 IS-8 15 Selfoss
Iceland Ísland 376,248 102,702 3.66 IS 64 Reykjavík

Differences from the 1959-2003 constituencies

Constituencies in use between 1959 and 2003

Until 1957, the parliamentary constituencies used in Iceland had been based on its counties and market towns. The reform of constituency borders in 1957 would group these counties and towns together into eight larger areas that form the basis for the modern regional division of Iceland. The differences between the 1957 boundaries and the modern ones are:


See also

References

  1. ^ "Landshlutasamtök". Icelandic Association of Local Authorities. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Iceland in figures 2018". Statistics Iceland. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  3. ^ Population by municipality, age and sex 1998-2022 - Division into municipalites [sic] as of 1 January 2022
  4. ^ "Hornfirðingar vilja samstarf með Sunnlendingum" (in Icelandic). Morgunblaðið. 8 May 2008. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  5. ^ "Landsmönnum fjölgaði um 1,3% á milli ára" (in Icelandic). Statistics Iceland. 22 March 2021. Retrieved 10 June 2021.