Regions of Slovakia
Kraje Slovenska
CategoryUnitary state
LocationSlovak Republic
Number8 Regions
Populations563,591 (Trnava) – 825,022 (Prešov)
Areas2,052.6 km2 (792.5 sq mi) (Bratislava) – 9,454.8 km2 (3,650.5 sq mi) (Banská Bystrica)
Government
Subdivisions

Since 1949 (except 1990–1996), Slovakia has been divided into a number of kraje (singular kraj; usually translated as "Regions" with capital R).[1] Their number, borders and functions have been changed several times. There are eight regions of Slovakia and they correspond to the EU's NUTS 3 level of local administrative units. Each kraj consists of okresy (counties or districts). There are 79 districts.

List

After a period without kraje and without any equivalent (1990–1996), the kraje were reintroduced in 1996. As for administrative division, Slovakia has been subdivided into 8 kraje since 24 July 1996:

Flag Arms Region Capital Population (2022) Area (km2) Density NUTS level 3 Seats

in Regional Council

Bratislavsky vlajka.svg
Coat of Arms of Bratislava Region.svg
Bratislava Bratislava Increase 664,000 2,052.6 321.34 SK010 50
Trnavsky vlajka.svg
Coat of Arms of Trnava Region.svg
Trnava Trnava Increase 556,000 4,172.2 135.08 SK021 40
Trenciansky vlajka.svg
Coat of Arms of Trenčín Region.svg
Trenčín Trenčín Decrease 577,000 4,501.9 130.14 SK022 47
Nitriansky vlajka.svg
Coat of Arms of Nitra Region.svg
Nitra Nitra Decrease 682,000 6,343.4 106.67 SK023 54
Zilinsky vlajka.svg
Coat of Arms of Žilina Region.svg
Žilina Žilina Increase 685,000 6,808.4 101.54 SK031 57
Banskobystricky vlajka.svg
Coat of Arms of Banská Bystrica Region.svg
Banská Bystrica Banská Bystrica Decrease 651,000 9,454.8 68.52 SK032 49
Presovsky vlajka.svg
Coat of Arms of Prešov Region.svg
Prešov Prešov Increase 831,000 8,974.5 91.92 SK041 62
Kosicky vlajka.svg
Coat of Arms of Košice Region.svg
Košice Košice Increase 795,000 6,751.9 118.32 SK042 57
Total 5,441,000 49.035   111.3 416

Since 2002, Slovakia is divided into 8 samosprávne kraje (self-governing regions), which are called by the Constitution vyššie územné celky (Higher Territorial Units), abbr. VÚC. The territory and borders of the self-governing regions are identical with the territory and borders of the kraje. Therefore, the word "kraj" can be replaced by "VÚC" or "samosprávny kraj" in each case in the above list. The main difference is that organs of samosprávne kraje are self-governing, with an elected chairperson and assembly, while the organs of kraje are appointed by the government.

Name

The term "Region" (Slovak: kraj) should not be confused with:

History

Prior to 1949

Historically, Slovakia was not divided into kraje, but into counties (Slovak: župy or stolice). This was the case when present-day Slovakia was part of:

In 1928–1939 (and formally also 1945–1948) Slovakia as a whole formed the administrative unit "Slovak land" (Krajina slovenská) within Czechoslovakia.

24 December 1948/1 January 1949 – 30 June 1960

Each kraj was named after its principal city.

July 1, 1960 – December 19, 1990

Note: The kraje were abolished from July 1, 1969, to December 28, 1970, and reintroduced then.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Regions". Slovakia.com.