A train of Železničná spoločnosť Slovensko

Transport in Slovakia is possible by rail, road, air, or rivers. Slovakia is a developed Central European country with a well-developed rail network (3,662 km) and a highway system (854 km). The main international airport is the M. R. Štefánik Airport in the capital, Bratislava. The most important waterway is the river Danube, which is used by passenger, cargo, and freight ships. The two most important harbours in Slovakia are Komarno harbour and Bratislava harbour.[citation needed]


Railway network in Slovakia as of 2019

Main article: Rail transport in Slovakia

Further information: Železnice Slovenskej republiky

Slovakia has a range of railway connections that provide access to all of Slovakia in the country and from the rest of Europe. There are many railway operators that control railways across the country, with the main railway operator being ZSSK. The railway network is very dense in the western and eastern parts of Slovakia but is less accessible in central Slovakia. The singular high-speed rail line in Slovakia is the Rychlik between Bratislava and Kosice (Via Zillina). The top speed of the line is 200 km/h (120 mph). The Rychlik was established in 2002 after ZSSK took over ZSR. Most of the country's railways run on Tas REX (Regional Express)[1] [2] which operates at speeds between 140 and 160 km/h (87 and 99 mph).

Train operators

Bratislava hlavná stanica September 2019

The main cargo train operator for the cargo freight rail in Slovakia is ZSSK cargo.

Rail links with adjacent countries


See also: List of first class roads in Slovakia


Slovakia has a total of 43,761 km of roads in the country with 3,336.6 km being main or national roads, 13,958.7 km being secondary and regional roads, and 861.2 km (535.1 mi) being highways, with the rest being other types of roads.[3]


Highway D1

Main article: Highways in Slovakia

309 Diaľnica Motorways in Slovakia 543 km (337 mi) (2022)

309 Diaľnica Expressways in Slovakia 311 km (193 mi)



Ports and harbors


See:List of airports in Slovakia

Bratislava Airport
Košice International Airport

total: 37 (2012)

Commercial airports: Bratislava Airport, Košice International Airport, Poprad–Tatry Airport

Airports with paved runways

Length Amount
over 3,047 m 2
2,438 to 3,047 m 2
1,524 to 2,437 m 3
914 to 1,523 m 3
under 914 m 9
Total 19


Airports with unpaved runways

total: 18



total: 5 (2022)

Municipal transport

City bus in Bratislava

Buses and trolleybuses

Trolleybuses in Presov

331-50 Zastávka (autobus, trolejbus, elektrobus)Most towns and cities in Slovakia have well-developed bus networks. Most of the buses are operated by the city or town council but most regional buses are operated by private operators with the permission of local authorities and/or the county council. There is also a trolleybus system which only operates in large cities and is operated by the town council. They are more of an ecological system of transport than a standard bus.


331-60 Zastávka (električka)

Vario LF2+ Košice č801

Trams are only found in Bratislava and Kosice. The first tram to arrive in Slovakia was in 1895 in Bratislava and then later on in 1913 trams arrived in Kosice[citation needed]. Today the tram network is expanding rapidly in both cities.

See also


  1. ^ "Regionálny expres (REX)". Rail.cc. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  2. ^ "Train Categories". ZSSK. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  3. ^ "ROAD NETWORK - SLOVAK REPUBLIC". cdb.sk. Slovenská správa ciest (Slovak Road Administration). Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  4. ^ "SLOVAKIA". icpdr.org. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  5. ^ "Danube Facts and Figures" (PDF). icpdr.org. Retrieved 18 September 2023.

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from The World Factbook. CIA.