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Transport in Lithuania relies mainly on road and rail networks.

Lithuanian road system

E-roads in Lithuania
A1 motorway near Kaunas (98-101 km)

total: 21,238 kilometres (13,197 mi)
paved: 14,879 km (9,245 mi)
unpaved: 6,359 km (3,951 mi)


Controlled-access highways sections

There are two categories of controlled-access highways in Lithuania: expressways (Lithuanian: greitkeliai) with maximum speed 120 km/h and motorways (Lithuanian: automagistralės) with maximum speed 130 km/h.

Motorway sections

Expressway sections

A road system

The A roads (Lithuanian: magistraliniai keliai) total 1,748.84 km (1,086.68 mi).

Major highway projects in Interwar Lithuania

Before World War I, there were few isolated routes suitable for transit traffic e.g. present day A12 highway, connecting Riga with Kaliningrad, or present day A6 highway which was part of highway WarsawSaint Petersburg that ran through Kaunas. After Lithuania became an independent country in 1918, there was increased demand for new highways for inner needs. First long-distance highways built exclusively by the Lithuanian government were opened in the late 1930s. These are following:



LTG Link train in Vilnius
Train station in Vilnius Airport

Main article: Rail transport in Lithuania

There is a total of 1,998 route km of railways, of which:

Rail links with adjacent countries


There are 600 kilometres (370 mi) that are perennially navigable.


In 1992, there were 105 km (65 mi) of crude oil pipelines, and 760 km (470 mi) of natural gas pipelines.

Ports and harbours

Klaipėda port

Sea ports

River ports

Merchant marine

The merchant marine consists of 47 ships of 1,000 GT or over, together totaling 279,743 GT/304,156 tonnes deadweight (DWT).

Ships by type: Cargo 25, Combination bulk 8, Petroleum tanker 2, Railcar carrier 1, Refrigerated cargo 6, Roll on/roll off 2, Short-sea passenger 3.

Note: These totals include some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Denmark 13 (2002 est.)


In Lithuania, there are four international airports:

See also