Bosnia and Herzegovina has facilities for road, rail and air transport. There are five international road routes and 20 state highways, with bus connections to many countries. Railways total just over 1,000 km with links to Croatia and Serbia. There are 25 airports, seven of them with paved runways. The Sava River is navigable, but its use is limited.



Main article: Roads in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Roads in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Roads in Bosnia and Herzegovina


State highways

National and international bus services

Bosnia & Herzegovina is well connected to other countries in Europe. The main bus station of Sarajevo has its own website.[1] The main provider of international bus connection in Bosnia & Herzegovina is Eurolines.[2] There are routes to Croatia, Germany, Austria, France, Netherlands, Montenegro, Belgium, Denmark, Sweden and Serbia. Despite Bosnia & Herzegovina's geographical closeness to Serbia, there is only one bus a day, which takes more than 8 hours due to the lack of proper roads.[3]


Main articles: Željeznice Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine, Željeznice Republike Srpske, and Rail transport in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Rail links with adjacent countries


Sava River (northern border) open to shipping but use is limited (2008)

Ports and harbours

Gradiška, Brod, Šamac, and Brčko (all inland waterway ports on the Sava none of which are fully operational), Orašje, Bosnia

Merchant marine

none (1999 est.)


Air transport begin in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the period of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia when the flag-carrier Aeroput inaugurated a regular flight linking the national capital Belgrade with Podgorica in 1930, with a stop in Sarajevo. A year later Aeroput inaugurated another regular flight starting in Belgrade and then stopping in Sarajevo and continuing towards Split, Sušak and Zagreb. By mid-1930s Aeroput inaugurated two routes linking Belgrade and Zagreb with Dubrovnik through Sarajevo, and, in 1938, it inaugurated an international route linking Dubrovnik, which was becoming a major holiday destination, through Sarajevo, to Zagreb, Vienna, Brno and Prague.[4]

Main article: List of airports in Bosnia and Herzegovina

25 (2008)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
under 914 m: 2 (2008)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 18
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 10 (2008)


6 (2013)

See also


  1. ^ "Sarajevo Main Bus Station". Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Eurolines Bosnia & Herzegovina". Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Travel Balkans". Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  4. ^ Drustvo za Vazdusni Saobracaj A D – Aeroput at

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from The World Factbook. CIA.