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Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Politička podjela Bosne i Hercegovine
Политичка подјела Босне и Херцеговине
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska entity (1), Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity (2), Brčko District condominium (3)
CategoryFederated state
Location Bosnia and Herzegovina
Created
Number2 entities and 1 condominium
Populations85,000 (Brčko District) – 2,243,000 (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Areas493 km² (Brčko District) – 26,110.5 km² (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina)

The political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina were created by the Dayton Agreement. The Agreement divides the country into two federal entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republika Srpska (RS) and one condominium named the Brčko District.

The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) is composed of mostly Bosniaks and Croats, while the Republika Srpska (RS) is composed of mostly Serbs.

Each entity governs roughly one half of the state's territory. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina itself has a federal structure and consists of 10 autonomous cantons.

Overview

The Federation and the Republika Srpska governments are charged with overseeing internal functions. Each has its own government, flag and coat of arms, president, legislature, police force, customs, and postal system. The police sectors are overseen by the state-level ministry of safety affairs. Since 2005, Bosnia and Herzegovina has one set of Armed forces.

The Inter-Entity Boundary Line is not determined by natural geographical features of the country. It rather follows the military front-lines as they were at the end of the Bosnian War. On the ground, there is no active border between RS and FBiH, and one would generally not know the difference when crossing from one entity into another.

The city of Brčko in northeastern Bosnia is a seat of the Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit; it is part of both the Federation and Republika Srpska. The district remains under international supervision.

The Federation is further divided into ten cantons, which are then subdivided into municipalities. The Republika Srpska is divided directly into municipalities.

List

Name Area
(km2)
Pop. Ethnic
groups
Munic. Status Map
 Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine
Федерација Босне и Херцеговине
26,110.5 2,243,000 Bosniaks (70.40%)
Croats (22.44%)
Serbs (2.55%)
79
(including 22 cities)
Entity
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
 Republika Srpska
Република Српска
Republika Srpska
24,532.8 1,209,000 Serbs (82.95%)
Bosniaks (12.69%)
Croats (2.27%)
64
(including 10 cities)
Entity
Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
Brčko District
Brčko Distrikt
Брчко Дистрикт
493 85,000 Bosniaks (42.36%)
Serbs (34.58%)
Croats (20.66%)
Self-governing
district
Brcko District in Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg

See also

References

Further reading