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Metro Line 1, the oldest Metro line of Athens Urban area

Transport in Greece has undergone significant changes in the past two decades, vastly modernizing the country's infrastructure and transportation. Although ferry transport between islands remains the prominent method of transport between the nation's islands, improvements to the road infrastructure, rail, urban transport, and airports have all led to a vast improvement in transportation. These upgrades have played a key role in supporting Greece's economy, which in the past decade has come to rely heavily on the construction industry.

Cable transport

Lycabettus railway car
Lycabettus railway car
Cable car of Santorini
Cable car of Santorini

Rail transport

Main article: Rail transport in Greece


The state-owned company that owns and maintains Greece's railway network is OSE, while Hellenic Train is the company responsible for operating all passenger trains and the most freight trains.


Athens Metro Train (1st Generation)

Cities with a rapid transit railway network:

Commuter rail

Main article: Proastiakos

Proastiakos commuter rail

Cities with a commuter rail network (Proastiakos):


Athens Tram

Road transport


Main article: Highways in Greece

A2 (Egnatia Odos) motorway
Moreas Motorway.


Bus transport

Urban bus transport

Preserved vintage trolleybus of O.SY., Piraeus-Kastella line

Intercity and regional bus transport

Main article: KTEL (Greece)

KTEL is the common name for every company which is responsible for intercity and regional bus transit. Most of the regional units, though, have their own regional network of buses, and have their regional unit names labeled on KTEL vehicles that operate there. (e.g. KTEL Argolidas).

There are 4 major bus terminals in Greece, the biggest is in Thessaloniki (Macedonia Inter city bus terminal) which serves all of Greece while Athens has 2 separate bus terminals serving different parts of Greece (Kifissos bus terminal and Liossion bus terminal). A new Athens bus terminal in Elaionas will replace the two separate terminals and serve all of Greece with completion by 2025. A new bus terminal in Patras which will replace the old one is currently under construction in Agios Dionyssios just 200m from the current one and it will open in early 2023 after many delays due to COVID-19 pandemic and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Water transport


View of the port of Patras

The 80 km system consists of three coastal canals including the Corinth Canal (6 km) and three unconnected rivers.

The Corinth Canal crosses the Isthmus of Corinth, connecting the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf; and shortens the sea voyage from the Adriatic to Piraeus by 325 km.

Ports and harbours

Main article: List of ports in Greece

Merchant marine


Main article: List of airports in Greece

Thessaloniki International Airport
  • over 3,047 m: 5
  • 2,438–3,047 m: 16
  • 1,524–2,437 m: 19
  • 914–1,523 m: 17
  • under 914 m: 10 (2005)
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 3
  • under 914 m: 12 (2005)


Major construction projects

Completed projects



Ports and harbours

Pireaus Port Rafina Port Lavrion Port


Projects under construction


Ports and harbours


Future projects




See also