This article has an unclear citation style. The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of citation and footnoting. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The Myrtoan Sea (also Mirtoan Sea and Myrtoum Mare; Greek: Μυρτώο Πέλαγος, romanizedMirtóo Pélagos Greek pronunciation: [mirˈto.o ˈpelaɣos]) is a subdivision of the Mediterranean Sea that lies between the Cyclades and Peloponnese. It is described as the part of the Aegean Sea south of Euboea, Attica, and Argolis.[1] Some of the water mass of the Black Sea reaches the Myrtoan Sea, via transport through the Aegean Sea (Saundry, Hogan & Baum 2011).

The Saronic Gulf, the gulf of Athens, lies between the Corinth Canal and the Myrtoan Sea.

It is said to have been named after the mythical hero Myrtilus, who was thrown into this sea by an enraged Pelops. It is also said to have derived its name from a small island named Myrtus.[2] The name has also been connected with that of the maiden Myrto.[citation needed]



  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 12, 2007. Retrieved August 31, 2006.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898), Myrtōum Maré

Classical sources

Modern sources

37°N 24°E / 37°N 24°E / 37; 24