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Provinces and main cities of Kazakhstan

As of March 2017, the share of Kazakhstan's urban population is 53%. Kazakhstan's modernization program and innovative development path are expected to accelerate the country's urbanization processes resulting in increased share of urban population from 53% to 70% by 2030.[1]

The following is a list of cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants in Kazakhstan. The names of many places have been changed during the 20th and 21st centuries, sometimes more than once. Wherever possible, the old names have been included and linked to the new ones.

Insignia Name English Name Kazakh Previous name City since 1979 1989 1999 2008 2023 Status [1] Province
Aktau Ақтау
Aqtau
[ɑqtɑw]
Shevchenko 1963 159,245 143,396 180,373 270,886 2 Mangystau Province
Aktobe Ақтөбе
Aqtöbe
[ɑqtɵbʲe]
Aktyubinsk 1880 190,569 253,532 253,088 285,507 560,820 2 Aktobe Province
Almaty Алматы
Almaty
[ɑɫmɑtɯ]
Vernyy, Верный, Alma-Ata, Алма́-Ата́ 1867 909,644 1,127,884 1,129,356 1,328,362 2,217,700 1 Capital 1929–1997
Astana Астана
Astana
[ɑstɑnɑ]
Akmola, Akmolinsk,

Tselinograd, Nur-Sultan

1831 233,638 277,365 312,965 389,189 1,417,214 1 Capital
Arkalyk Арқалық
Arqalyq
[ɑɾqɑɫɯq]
1965 47,963 62,367 45,700 56,614 28,907 4 Kostanay Province
Atyrau Атырау
Atyrau
[ɑtɯɾɑw]
Guryev 1885 130,916 149,261 142,497 158,308 315 274 2 Atyrau province
Baikonur Байқоңыр
Baiqoñyr
[bɑjqɔŋəɾ]
Leninsk 1969 74,700 60,200 59,452 76 019 1 Kyzylorda Province
Balqash Балқаш
Balqaş
[bɑɫqaʂ]
1937 78,145 86,742 81,100 86,897 81,364 3 Karagandy Province
Jezkazgan Жезқазған
Jezqazğan
[ʐʲezqazɣɑn]
Dzhezkazgan 1954 89,200 107,053 103,400 112,154 85,012 3 Karagandy Province
Karaganda Қарағанды
Qarağandy
[qɑɾɑɣɑndɯ]
1934 571,877 507,318 436,864 451,800 515,819 2 Karagandy Province
Kentau Кентау
Kentau
[kʲentɑw]
1955 62,991 63,784 58,100 60,799 74,464 4 South Kazakhstan Province
Kyzylorda Қызылорда
Qyzylorda
[qɯzɯɫɔɾda]
Perovsk,

Ak-Mechet

1867 156,128 150,425 157,364 182,929 315 550 2 Kyzylorda Province
Kokshetau Көкшетау
Kökşetau
[kɵkʂʲetɑw]
Kokchetav 1824 103,162 135,424 123,389 132,753 191 105 2 Akmola Province
Kostanay Қостанай
Qostanai
[qɔstɑnɑj]
Kustanay 1893 164,500 223,558 221,429 249,395 265,718 2 Kostanay Province
Janaozen Жаңаөзен
Jañaözen
[ʐɑŋɑɵzʲen]
Noviy Uzen' 1968 34,000 48,300 51,100 60,796 152 431 3 Mangystau Province
Pavlodar Павлодар
Pavlodar
[pɑʋɫədɑɾ]
1861 272,895 329,681 320,400 354,809 367 254 2 Pavlodar Province
Petropavl Петропавл
Petropavl
[pʲetɾəpɑʋɯɫ]
Petropavlovsk 1807 206,559 239,606 216,300 208,547 222 076 2 North Kazakhstan Province
Ridder Риддер
Ridder
[ɾɪdˈdɛɾ]
Leninogorsk 1934 68,135 68,730 56,269 54,252 52 068 3 East Kazakhstan Region
Saran Саран
Saran
[sɑɾɑn]
1954 54,878 63,900 48,500 49,082 34 636 3 Karagandy Province
Satpayev Сәтбаев
Sätbaev
[sætpɑjef]
1973 48,700 59,343 62,900 73,874 68 379 3 Karagandy Region
Semey Семей
Semei
[sʲemʲej]
Alash-kala, Semipalatinsk 1782 282,574 317,112 292,500 312,136 328 782 3 East Kazakhstan Region
Stepnogorsk Степногорск
Stepnogorsk
[stʲepnɐɡɔɾsk]
1964 46,700 63,300 50,900 47,705 68 460 3 Akmola Province
Taldykorgan Талдықорған
Taldyqorğan
[tɑɫdɯqɔɾɣɑn]
1944 87,948 118,623 107,100 114,728 168 674 2 Almaty Province
Taraz Тараз
Taraz
[taɾaz]
Talas, Zhambyl, Aulie-Ata ancient 263,793 303,961 330,125 398,233 427 394 2 Jambyl Province
Temirtau Теміртау
Temırtau
[tʲemɘɾtɑw]
1945 213,026 213,551 181,800 179,520 171 890 3 Karagandy Province
Turkistan Түркістан
Türkıstan
[tʏɾkɘstɑn]
ancient 66741 77,692 87,600 109,673 220,133 3 South Kazakhstan Province
Oral Орал
Oral
[ɔɾɑɫ]
Uralsk 1613 167,352 199,522 212,900 255,489 254 380 2 West Kazakhstan Region
Oskemen Өскемен
Öskemen
[ɵskʲemʲen]
Ust'-Kamenogorsk 1868 274,287 322,221 310,950 344,421 400,142 2 East Kazakhstan Region
Shymkent Шымкент
Şymkent
[ʂɯmkʲent]
Chimkent,

Chernyayev

Middle Ages 321,535 380,091 390,200 454,583 1,216,000 1 Shymkent
Shakhtinsk Шахтинск
Şahtinsk
[ʂɑχtʲɪnsk]
1961 50,382 65,600 54,800 54,748 39 185 3 Karagandy Region
Schuchinsk Щучинск
Şçuçinsk
[ɕutʃɪnsk]
1939 55,500 47,900 50,128 47 625 4 Akmola Province
Ekibastuz Екібастұз
Ekıbastūz
[jekɘbɑsto̙z]
1957 65,871 135,006 137,200 158,165 152 509 3 Pavlodar Region

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Urban population in Kazakhstan to grow to 70 percent by 2030". www.timesca.com.