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As of March 2017, the share of Kazakhstan's urban population is 53%. Kazakhstan's modernization program and innovative development path are expected to accelerate the country's urbanization processes resulting in increased share of urban population from 53% to 70% by 2030.[1]

Provinces and main cities of Kazakhstan
Provinces and main cities of Kazakhstan

The following is a list of cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants in Kazakhstan. The names of many places have been changed during the last century, sometimes more than once. Wherever possible, the old names have been included and linked to the new ones.

Insignia Name English Name Kazakh Previous name City since 1979 1989 1999 2008 Status [1] Province
Coat of arms of Aktau.png
Aktau Ақтау
Aqtau
Shevchenko 1963 159,245 143,396 180,373 2 Mangystau Province
Aktobe seal - 2.png
Aktobe Ақтөбе
Aqtöbe
Aktubinsk 1880 190,569 253,532 253,088 285,507 2 Aktobe Province
NewGerb Almaty 2010.jpg
Almaty Алматы
Almaty
Verniy, Верный, Alma-Ata, Алма́-Ата́ 1867 909,644 1,127,884 1,129,356 1,328,362 1 Capital 1929–1997
Arkalyk seal.png
Arkalyk Арқалық
Arqalyq
1965 47,963 62,367 45,700 56,614 4 Kostanay Province
Coat of arms of Atyrau.svg
Atyrau Атырау
Atyrau
Guryev 1885 130,916 149,261 142,497 158,308 2 Atyrau province
Baikonur seal.png
Baikonur Байқоңыр
Baiqoñyr
Leninsk 1969 74,700 60,200 59,452 1
Coats of arms of Balqash.png
Balqash Балқаш
Balqaş
1937 78,145 86,742 81,100 86,897 3 Karagandy Province
Seal Zhezkazgan.png
Zhezkazgan Жезқазған
Jezqazğan
Dzhezkazgan 1954 89,200 107,053 103,400 112,154 3 Karagandy Province
Seal of Karaganda, Kazakhstan.png
Karaganda Қарағанды
Qarağandy
1934 571,877 507,318 436,864 451,800 2 Karagandy Province
Герб Кентау.png
Kentau Кентау
Kentau
1955 62,991 63,784 58,100 60,799 4 South Kazakhstan Province
Kyzylorda coat-of-arms.png
Kyzylorda Қызылорда
Qyzylorda
1867 156,128 150,425 157,364 182,929 2 Kyzylorda Province
Kokshetau seal.png
Kokshetau Көкшетау
Kökşetau
Kokchetav
Кокчетав
1862 103,162 135,424 123,389 132,753 2 Akmola Province
Kostanay city seal.gif
Kostanay Қостанай
Qostanai
Kustanay 1893 164,500 223,558 221,429 249,395 2 Kostanay Province
Novi gerp.jpg
Nur-Sultan Нұр-Сұлтан
Nūr-Sūltan
Akmola, Akmolinsk, Tselinograd, Astana 1831 233,638 277,365 312,965 389,189 1 Capital
Zhanaozen Жаңаөзен
Jañaözen
Noviy Uzen' 1968 34,000 48,300 51,100 60,796 3 Mangystau Province
Герб Павлодара.png
Pavlodar Павлодар
Pavlodar
1861 272,895 329,681 320,400 354,809 2 Pavlodar Province
Seal Petropavl.png
Petropavl Петропавл
Petropavl
Petropavlovsk 1807 206,559 239,606 216,300 208,547 2 North Kazakhstan Province
Ridder, Kazakhstan CoA.jpg
Ridder Риддер
Ridder
1934 68,135 68,730 56,269 54,252 3 East Kazakhstan Region
Saran Сараң
Sarañ
1954 54,878 63,900 48,500 49,082 3 Karagandy Province
Coats of arms of Satpayev.PNG
Satpayev Сәтбаев
Sätbaev
1973 48,700 59,343 62,900 73,874 3 Karagandy Region
Semey Seal.png
Semey Семей
Semei
Alash-kala, Semipalatinsk 1782 282,574 317,112 292,500 312,136 3 East Kazakhstan Region
Stepnogorsk Степногорск
Stepnogorsk
1964 46,700 63,300 50,900 47,705 3 Akmola Province
Taldykorgan seal.png
Taldykorgan Талдықорған
Taldyqorğan
1944 87,948 118,623 107,100 114,728 2 Almaty Province
Seal Taraz.png
Taraz Тараз
Taraz
Talas, Zhambyl, Aulie-Ata ancient 263,793 303,961 330,125 398,233 2 Jambyl Province
Coat of arms of Temirtau.svg
Temirtau Теміртау
Temırtau
1945 213,026 213,551 181,800 179,520 3 Karagandy Province
Turkistan Түркістан
Türkıstan
ancient 66741 77,692 87,600 109,673 3 South Kazakhstan Province
Oral seal.svg
Oral Орал
Oral
Uralsk 1613 167,352 199,522 212,900 255,489 2 West Kazakhstan Region
Oskemen seal.jpg
Oskemen Өскемен
Öskemen
Ust'-Kamenogorsk 1868 274,287 322,221 310,950 344,421 2 East Kazakhstan Region
Шымкент.png
Shymkent Шымкент
Şymkent
Chimkent middle ages 321,535 380,091 390,200 454,583 2 South Kazakhstan Region
Coat of arms of Shahtinsk.png
Shakhtinsk Шахтинск
Şahtinsk
1961 50,382 65,600 54,800 54,748 3 Karagandy Region
Schuchinsk Щучинск
Şçuçinsk
1939 55,500 47,900 50,128 4 Akmola Province
Ekibastuz seal.png
Ekibastuz Екібастұз
Ekıbastūz
1957 65,871 135,006 137,200 158,165 3 Pavlodar Region

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Urban population in Kazakhstan to grow to 70 percent by 2030". www.timesca.com.