|Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan|
|Қазақстан Республикасының Қарулы Күштері (Kazakh)|
Qazaqstan Respublikasynyŋ Qaruly Küşterı
Вооруженные силы Республики Казахстан (Russian)
|Motto||"Сильная Армия - сильный Казахстан!" (Strong Army - Strong Kazakhstan!)|
|Founded||May 7, 1992|
|Service branches||Service branches|
∟ Kazakh Ground Forces
∟ Kazakh Air Defense Forces
∟ Kazakh Naval Forces
∟ Kazakh Airmobile Forces
∟ Special Forces
|Headquarters||Ministry of Defence Building, Dostyk Street, Nur-Sultan|
|Minister of Defence||Nurlan Ermekbaev|
|Chief of the General Staff||Major General Murat Bektanov|
|Military age||18–27 years old;|
|Active personnel||108,740 (2019) (ranked 45)|
|Reserve personnel||132,000 (2019)|
|Percent of GDP||1.1% (2018 est.)|
|Domestic suppliers||JSC National Company Kazakhstan Engineering|
|Foreign suppliers|| Canada|
|History||Civil war in Tajikistan|
|Ranks||Military ranks of Kazakhstan|
The Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстанның Қарулы Күштері, Qazaqstannyŋ Qaruly Küşterı) is the unified armed forces of Kazakhstan. It consists of the Ground Forces, Air and Air Defence Forces, Naval Forces, and National Guard. The national defence policy aims are based on the Constitution of Kazakhstan. They guarantee the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the state and the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace and its constitutional order. The armed forces of Kazakhstan act under the authority of the Kazakhstan Ministry of Defence.
The Military Balance 2013 reported the armed forces' strength as; Army, 20,000, Navy, 3,000, Air Force, 12,000, and MoD, 4,000. It also reported 31,000 paramilitary personnel.
The branches and subordinate bodies of the armed forces include:
On May 7, 1992, the President of Kazakhstan took a number of actions regarding defence. He signed a decree on the 'establishment of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan', the transformation of the State Committee of Defence of the Republic of Kazakhstan into the Ministry of Defence, on the attribution of Sagadat Nurmagambetov the military rank of Colonel General, and the appointment of General-Colonel Sagadat Nurmagambetov as Defence Minister of Kazakhstan. Mukhtar Altynbayev served as the Minister of Defence twice, most recently from December 2001 to 10 January 2007.
On June 30, 1992, the Soviet Armed Forces' Turkestan Military District disbanded, following the collapse of the Soviet Union. The most powerful grouping of forces from the Turkestan Military District then became the core of Kazakhstan's new military. Kazakhstan acquired all the units of the 40th Army (the former 32nd Army) and part of the 17th Army Corps, including 6 land force divisions, storage bases, the 14th and 35th air-landing brigades, 2 rocket brigades, 2 artillery regiments and a large amount of equipment which had been withdrawn from over the Urals after the signing of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.
On July 6, 2000, a Presidential Decree "On the structure of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan" changed the structure: The Armed Forces returned to a dual structure (general-purpose forces and air defense forces). The Airmobile Forces were created, the transition to the new military-territorial structure, established military districts, harmonized structure and deployment of troops. On August 7, Lieutenant-General A. B. Dzharbulov was appointed commander of the Southern Military District and Lieutenant-General E. Ertaev became commander of the Eastern Military District.
In February 2001 a Presidential Decree divided the functions of the Ministry of Defence and General Staff. According to the decree, the head of the General Staff subordinates all kinds of aircraft and type of troops and military districts, while the Minister of Defence has a mostly administrative and political functions. On March 30, Major General M. K. Sihimov was appointed commander of the Western Military Region. On October 12, M. Saparov was appointed to Chief of the General Staff and First Deputy of the Defence Minister. V. B. Elamanov became commander of the Airmobile Forces. On December 8, a new Defense Minister was appointed: General K. Altynbayev, and on December 27, Major General K. K. Akhmadiev was appointed commander of the Air Defense Forces.
Key defense posts announced early in 2002 included; Major-General Tasbulatov appointed Deputy of the Defense Minister, Maj. Gen. Elamanov commander of the Southern Military District, Maj. Gen. N. А. Dzhulamanov commander of the Eastern Military District, Maj. Gen. Zhasuzakov commander of the Airmobile Forces, Major-General A. Shatskov commander of the Central Military District and K. Altynbayev given the title of Army General.
Kazakhstan had its first military parade in its history at Otar Military Base on May 7, 2013, celebrating the Defender of the Fatherland Day as the national holiday for the first time ever. During the ceremony, the first woman was promoted to the rank of General.
Today there are four regional commands: Regional Command Astana, Regional Command South at Taraz, Regional Command East at Semipalatinsk, Regional Command West at Aktobe, as well as the Air Defence Forces, the Airmobile Forces with four brigades, and the Artillery and Missile Forces (formed as a separate branch on 7 May 2003).
Kazakhstan is a founding member of CSTO and SCO. Kazakhstan also has an Individual Partnership Action Plan with NATO & strategic cooperation with the Turkish Armed Forces.
Main article: Kazakh Ground Forces
The 32nd Army had been serving in Kazakhstan for many years. The 32nd Army had been redesignated initially the 1st Army Corps (1988), then the 40th Army (June 1991). It came under Kazakh control in May 1992. On November 1, 1992, on the basis of units of the former Soviet 40th Army of the Turkestan Military District, the First Army Corps was created, with its headquarters in Semipalatinsk. Later, at its base was established the Eastern Military District, retitled on 13 November 2003 as Regional Command East.
Today the Ground Forces include four regional commands:
There are also the Air Defence Forces, the Airmobile Forces with four brigades, and the Artillery and Missile Forces (formed as a separate branch on 7 May 2003).
|Armored fighting vehicle|
|T-72BA||Russia||Main battle tank||300|
|BTR-80||Soviet Union||Amphibious APC||190||of which 44 are the 82A variant|
|Otokar Cobra||Turkey||Infantry mobility vehicle||17+||+30 unit ordered|
|Humvee||United States||Armored car||40|
|2S1 Gvozdika||Soviet Union||Howitzer||120|
|2S3 Akatsiya||Soviet Union||Howitzer||120|
|D-30||Soviet Union||122 mm Gun||100||300 D-30 in store|
|Msta-B||Soviet Union||152 mm Gun||50|
|Nona-S||Soviet Union||120 mm MOR||68|
|BM-21||Soviet Union||MRLS||100||100 in store|
|9P140 Uragan||Soviet Union||MRLS||180|
|9K79 Tochka||Soviet Union||Surface-to-Surface
|S-200||Soviet Union||SAM||10 battery|
|S-300||Soviet Union||SAM||10 battery|
|BUK-M2E||Soviet Union/Russia||SAM||1 battery||+1 battery ordered|
|Strela-10||Soviet Union||SAM||50 unit|
The Airmobile Forces were formed by grouping the 35th Guards Air Assault Brigade with new brigades formed from previous Soviet units. The 35th Guards Air Assault Brigade arrived from Germany in April 1991, and was taken over by Kazakhstan in 1992. Near Karaganda was the 5204th Base for Storage of Weapons and Equipment, the remnants of a motor rifle division. In 1998 two motorized rifle brigades were created from the former storage base. One of which was left near Karaganda, and another called 2nd Separate Motor Rifle Brigade and was relocated 200 kilometers to the north of Nur-Sultan, which by that time was the capital, and for that reason ought to have a decent court garrison. No units were stationed in Nur-Sultan (Astana) during the Soviet period. In October 2003, the 36th Separate Air Assault Brigade was formed on the basis of the 2nd Motor Rifle Brigade. On the basis of Taldykorgan Motor Rifle Regiment, 173rd Sary Ozekskoy Motor Rifle Division, in April 2003 was formed the 37th Separate Air Assault Brigade. In 2017, the Airmobile Forces were renamed to the Air Assault Forces. 
Main article: Kazakh Air Defense Forces
At the time of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the 24th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Division with three aviation regiments and three separate regiments was stationed in Kazakhstan. By late 1993 the Kazakhstan Air Force comprised a total of six regiments, with a further air defence fighter regiment. The 11th Division included the 129th Fighter-Bomber Regiment based at Taldy Kurgan, with MiG-27 'Flogger' aircraft and the 134th Fighter-Bomber Regiment at Zhangiz-tobe with MiG-27s. There was also the 149th Bomber Regiment at Zhetigen/Nikolayevka, with Sukhoi Su-24 'Fencers'. Independent elements comprised the 715th Fighter Regiment at Lugovaya, with MiG-29s and MiG-23 'Floggers'; the 39th Reconnaissance Regiment at Balkhash, with MiG-25RBs and Su-24MR "Fencer" aircraft, and the 486th Helicopter Regiment based at Ucharal with Mi-24 'Hind'. The sole air defence fighter aviation regiment was the 356th Fighter Aviation Regiment at Semipalatinsk with Mikoyan MiG-31 "Foxhound" air defence fighters, which had been part of the 56th Air Defence Corps of the 14th Independent Air Defence Army. The Air Force was under the command of Major General Aliy Petrovich Volkov.
Air Force 12,000 (incl Air Defence) 1 air force division. Pilots fly approximately 100 hours per year.[clarification needed]
Today the Kazakh Air and Air Defence Force has four fast jet bases:
|MiG-29||Soviet Union||multirole aircraft||15|
|MiG-31||Soviet Union||Interceptor aircraft||25|
|Sukhoi Su-25||Soviet Union||CAS||14|
|Sukhoi Su-27/Su-30||Soviet Union||Air Superiority/Multi Role Fighter||Su-27/Su-27BM2 and Su-27UB/Su-27UBM2/Su-30SM||24/24
|24 Su-27 and 16 Su-30 on order|
|Antonov An-12||Ukraine||heavy transport||1|
|Antonov An-72||Ukraine||heavy transport||2||STOL capable aircraft|
|CASA C-295||Spain||transport||C-295M||8||1 on order|
|Mil Mi-17||Soviet Union||utility||Mi-8M/17||49|
|UH-1||United States||utility helicopter||UH-1H||3|
|Mil Mi-35||Soviet Union||helicopter gunship||12 on order|
|Mil Mi-26||Russia||heavy lift / transport||2|
|Eurocopter EC145||Germany||utility||12||20 on order|
|Aero L-39||Czech Republic||jet trainer||17|
|Zlin 242||Czechoslovakia||trainer aircraft||1|
|Unmanned aerial vehicle|
|CAIG Wing Loong||People's Republic of China||MALE UCAV||2|
On 28 October 2010, two strategic agreements signed today establish the framework for Eurocopter's creation of a 50/50 joint venture with Kazakhstan Engineering Kazakhstan to assemble EC145 helicopters, along with the sale of 45 of these locally assembled aircraft for government missions in the country. On 28 November 2011, Eurocopter delivered the first of six EC145s ordered to date by the Kazakh Ministries of Defence and Emergencies. Deliveries are to continue through 2017.
On 3 January 2012, Airbus Military signed a firm contract with Kazspetsexport, a state company belonging to the Ministry of Defence of Kazakhstan, to supply two EADS CASA C-295 military transport aircraft plus the related service support package for spare parts and ground support equipment. Additionally, a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) has been signed for a further six C295 aircraft, for which separate firm contracts will be signed progressively over the next few years. The first two aircraft will be delivered by April 2013 and for the remaining six aircraft a delivery schedule will be defined over the following years. This purchase likely represents a quid pro quo. In 2008, EADS made titanium sourcing agreements with Kazakh suppliers.
In May 2012, Kazakhstan signed a letter of intent to acquire 20 Eurocopter EC725 helicopters. They were to be assembled in Nur-Sultan by Kazakhstan Engineering. These Eurocoptors will be fitted with modern systems made by the Turkish firm Aselsan.
There are a number of special forces units reporting to various Kazakh security agencies that are not part of the Armed Forces. Examples of this include the Arystan Commando Unit and the Border Guard of the National Security Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan (KNS). Additionally, a State Security Service for the presidency exists, which is not considered as a part of the Army. The Republican Guard was established on March 6, 1992, when the President of Kazakhstan signed a decree on their creation on the basis of a separate brigade of operational designation of the Internal Troops deployed in the village of Kaskelen district of Almaty region.
There are approximately 8,000-8,500 women serving in the Kazakh army. Of those women, 750 are officers. The Ministry of Defence has been working to promote women in the military through educational programs and career advancement opportunities. Only 2.1% of leadership positions within the Ministry of Defence are held by women. The Ministry of Defence also hosts Batyr Arular, which is a nationwide competition for service men and women, showcasing their combat skills, combat readiness and overall physical ability. Batyr Arular gives awards for the best service women.
The following institutions are the main military academies in Kazakhstan:
There are currently four secondary schools that take the name of "Zhas Ulan Republican School". The Astana branch was the first to be founded, being established on 4 November 1999 in the presence of President Nazarbayev and Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko.
The Karaganda Republican Military Boarding School with in-depth study of the Russian language and literature and enhanced military-physical training (RSHI) was formed by the by decree of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet republic of Kazakhstan on 27 June 1984, with the task being to train Soviet officers from among the national cadres. On 9 July 1992, it was renamed to the Karaganda Republican Military Boarding School (KSWS) and has since 4 August 1992, been named after two-time Hero of the Soviet Union Talgat Begeldinov. Over its thirty years of existence, it has produced over 25 graduating classes.
The Arystan lyceum began operating in January 2011, with students from all regions coming to study at the lyceum from the ninth to eleventh grade. It is sponsored by the Nazarbayev Foundation. Heavily entrenched in the army way of life, there are 21 military officers and 5 military specialists who work at the lyceum, which also allows for basic military training and the promotion of discipline. The lyceum has its own flag like a military unit, as well as an emblem, oath of allegiance, and code of honour. In April 2013, President Nazarbayev described the lyceum as "a good example of participation of private capital in expanding access to qualitative education". There have been six graduating classes, of which many have entered military educational institutions of Defence Ministry, Nazarbayev University and Eurasian University, as well as educational Institutions of Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, and the United States.