|Armed Forces of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic|
|Вооружённые силы Приднестровской Молдавской Республики|
|Founded||6 September 1991|
|Minister of Defence||Major General Oleg Obruchkov|
|Chief of the General Staff||Colonel Sergey Gerasyutenko|
The Armed Forces of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Romanian: Forțele armate ale Republicii Moldovenești Nistrene, Moldovan Cyrillic: Форцеле армате але Републичий Молдовенешть Нистрене; Russian: Вооружённые силы Приднестровской Молдавской Республики; Ukrainian: Збройні сили Придністровської Молдавської Республіки) are the military forces of the unrecognized state of Transnistria. The Armed Forces fall under the leader ship of the Ministry of Defence. The Armed Forces were created on 6 September 1991 to maintain the sovereignty and independence of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, in accordance with Article 11 of the Republic's Constitution.
On 6 September 1991, the Supreme Soviet of Transnistria adopted a resolution which called for the formation of a Transnistrian military unit. As a result, the Transnistria Republican Guard (Russian: Республиканская гвардия ПМР) was formed. It was the direct counterpart to the Republic of Moldova's Republican Guard (Romanian: Garda Republicană). Both were the predecessors to their respective countries armed forces. In its first major conflict, the guard repelled troops of the Moldovan National Army against the city Dubăsari in December 1991. By the end of 1991, the organizational formation of the Transnistrian armed forces was generally completed. Shortly after the outbreak of Transnistrian War in March 1992, the People's Militia was created, having been supported and armed by the Russian Armed Forces 14th Guards Army. By the end of 1992, all main structures of the Ministry of Defence and the General Staff were formed, including individual military units, government agencies, and specialized services. On 14 March 1993, personnel of the new armed forces took the military oath of allegiance to the country. As of 2021 Transnistria is equipped mainly with Soviet-Era equipment including the T-64BV tank which is still quite capable given Moldova only has a few relatively older tanks. Infantry fighting vehicles are the BMP-1 and BMP-2 with at least 15 in service as of 2021. APCs include the BTR family of APCs as well as over 70 MT-LBs, GT-MU, and BTRG-127 vehicles. Trucks are typically post-Soviet, Ural-375, GAZ-66, and Zil-131 trucks make up the logistics backbone. Rocket artillery is very important for the Armed Forces given the limited number of conventional artillery Transnistria has. Rocket launchers include the Grad system, some of which were placed on ZIL-131 trucks. Transnistria also has a domestic rocket launcher industry which has built the Pribor-1 and Pribor-2 rocket launchers with 20 tubes and 48 tubes respectively, both systems are of 122mm caliber. Transnistria does have a small domestic drone industry which has been producing reconnaissance drones for the military since at least 2019. These have been jointly used with the Pribor-2 rocket launch systems in exercises to increase accuracy of the rockets via drone targeting.
The armed forces are composed of 4,500 to 5,500 active duty soldiers, (with 15,000 - 20,000 personnel in the reserve).
In order of precedence, the current military leadership is composed of the following:
Additional support is provided by the Operational Group of Russian Forces of the Russian Army, based in the Transnistrian city of Cobasna.
On Republic Day and Victory Day, two-hour military parades of the Armed Forces of Transnistria is annually held on Suvorov Square, usually featuring over 15 military contingents overseen by the president, the Prime Minister and members of the Supreme Council. A historical mechanized convoy is usually assembled at the parade. In 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the two jubilee celebrations were merged on 2 September.
The official armed forces holiday is Defender of the Fatherland Day on 23 February, which celebrated similarly to Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Other military holidays include:
The Military History Museum of the Armed Forces was opened on 13 November 1999 by President Smirnov together with Defense Minister Stanislav Hazheev. It has been visited by more than 20,000 servicemen, students, and tourists. The main attraction is the diorama "Storming the bridge over the Dniester", which depicts an episode of the battle on 20 June 1992. The museum is conventionally divided into two parts: exhibits and archival photographs. The central area is occupied by a ring in memory of fallen guardsmen.
The Army Sports Club in Transnistria is a sports movement in the army that has the involvement of not only active military personnel, but also retired ones, as well as their family members, and pre-conscription youth. Almost anyone who wants to compete under the SKA banner are able to join the club. It was created as part of a return to the traditions of Soviet sports.
|AK-74||Soviet Union||Assault rifle||AK-74M, AKS-74|
|RPK-74||Soviet Union||Light machine gun||RPK-74M|
|SPG-9||Soviet Union||Recoilless gun||Anti-amor weapon|
|RPG-7||Soviet Union||Rocket-propelled grenade|
|RPG-18||Soviet Union||Rocket-propelled grenade|
|RPG-22||Soviet Union||Rocket-propelled grenade|
|RPG-26||Soviet Union||Rocket-propelled grenade|
|RPG-27||Soviet Union||Rocket-propelled grenade|
|9K111 Fagot||Soviet Union||Wire-guided missile|
|9M113 Konkurs||Soviet Union||Wire-guided missile|
|9M14 Malyutka||Soviet Union||Wire-guided missile|
|Armored fighting vehicles|
|T-64||Soviet Union||Main battle tank||18|
|BMP-1||Soviet Union||Infantry fighting vehicle|
|GMZ-3||Soviet Union||Armoured personnel carrier||BTRG-127 variant|
|GT-MU||Soviet Union||Armoured personnel carrier|
|MT-LB||Soviet Union||Armoured personnel carrier|
|BRDM-1||Soviet Union||Amphibious armoured personnel carrier|
|BRDM-2||Soviet Union||Amphibious armoured personnel carrier||9P148 variant|
|IRM 'Zhuk'||Soviet Union||Amphibious armoured personnel carrier||IRM 'Zhuk' variant|
|BM-21 Grad||Soviet Union||Multiple rocket launcher|
|ZU-23-2||Soviet Union||towed anti-aircraft gun|
|Mil Mi-8||Soviet Union||utility||Mi-8/17/171||1|
|Mil Mi-24||Soviet Union||attack||Mi-24/35||1|
Previous aircraft operated were the Antonov An-26, Antonov An-2, Yakovlev Yak-52, and the Mil Mi-2 helicopter.
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