Armed Forces of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
Вооружённые силы Приднестровской Молдавской Республики
Emblem of the armed forces of Transnistria.svg
Insignia of the Armed Forces
Founded6 September 1991; 30 years ago (1991-09-06)
HeadquartersTiraspol
Leadership
Commander-in-chiefVadim Krasnoselsky
Minister of DefenceMajor General Oleg Obruchkov
Chief of the General StaffColonel Sergey Gerasyutenko
Personnel
Military age18
Active personnel5,500
Reserve personnel20,000[1]
Industry
Domestic suppliersTransnistria
Foreign suppliersRussia
Abkhazia
South Ossetia
Related articles
HistoryTransnistria War

The Armed Forces of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Romanian: Forțele armate ale Republicii Moldovenești Nistrene, Moldovan Cyrillic: Форцеле армате але Републичий Молдовенешть Нистрене; Russian: Вооружённые силы Приднестровской Молдавской Республики; Ukrainian: Збройні сили Придністровської Молдавської Республіки) are the military forces of the unrecognized state of Transnistria. The Armed Forces fall under the leader ship of the Ministry of Defence. The Armed Forces were created on 6 September 1991 to maintain the sovereignty and independence of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, in accordance with Article 11 of the Republic's Constitution.[2]

History

On 6 September 1991, the Supreme Soviet of Transnistria adopted a resolution which called for the formation of a Transnistrian military unit. As a result, the Transnistria Republican Guard (Russian: Республиканская гвардия ПМР) was formed. It was the direct counterpart to the Republic of Moldova's Republican Guard (Romanian: Garda Republicană).[3] Both were the predecessors to their respective countries armed forces. In its first major conflict, the guard repelled troops of the Moldovan National Army against the city Dubăsari in December 1991. By the end of 1991, the organizational formation of the Transnistrian armed forces was generally completed. Shortly after the outbreak of Transnistrian War in March 1992, the People's Militia was created, having been supported and armed by the Russian Armed Forces 14th Guards Army. By the end of 1992, all main structures of the Ministry of Defence and the General Staff were formed, including individual military units, government agencies, and specialized services. On 14 March 1993, personnel of the new armed forces took the military oath of allegiance to the country. As of 2021 Transnistria is equipped mainly with Soviet-Era equipment including the T-64BV tank which is still quite capable given Moldova only has a few relatively older tanks. Infantry fighting vehicles are the BMP-1 and BMP-2 with at least 15 in service as of 2021. APCs include the BTR family of APCs as well as over 70 MT-LBs, GT-MU, and BTRG-127 vehicles. Trucks are typically post-Soviet, Ural-375, GAZ-66, and Zil-131 trucks make up the logistics backbone. Rocket artillery is very important for the Armed Forces given the limited number of conventional artillery Transnistria has. Rocket launchers include the Grad system, some of which were placed on ZIL-131 trucks. Transnistria also has a domestic rocket launcher industry which has built the Pribor-1 and Pribor-2 rocket launchers with 20 tubes and 48 tubes respectively, both systems are of 122mm caliber. Transnistria does have a small domestic drone industry which has been producing reconnaissance drones for the military since at least 2019. These have been jointly used with the Pribor-2 rocket launch systems in exercises to increase accuracy of the rockets via drone targeting.[4]

Structure

The armed forces are composed of 4,500 to 5,500 active duty soldiers, (with 15,000 - 20,000 personnel in the reserve).[1][5]

President Vadim Krasnoselsky
President Vadim Krasnoselsky

In order of precedence, the current military leadership is composed of the following:

Tiraspol military parade 2015
Tiraspol military parade 2015

Units

Regular Army

Additional support is provided by the Operational Group of Russian Forces of the Russian Army, based in the Transnistrian city of Cobasna.

Specialized Units

Military education

Higher education

Cadets of the Military Institute of the Ministry of Defense dressed in historical parade uniforms
Cadets of the Military Institute of the Ministry of Defense dressed in historical parade uniforms

Cadet schools

Security forces

Culture

Events

The PMR Honour Guard at the parade.
The PMR Honour Guard at the parade.

On Republic Day and Victory Day, two-hour military parades of the Armed Forces of Transnistria is annually held on Suvorov Square, usually featuring over 15 military contingents overseen by the president, the Prime Minister and members of the Supreme Council. A historical mechanized convoy is usually assembled at the parade.[14] In 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the two jubilee celebrations were merged on 2 September.[15]

The official armed forces holiday is Defender of the Fatherland Day on 23 February, which celebrated similarly to Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Other military holidays include:

Institutions

Museum

The Military History Museum of the Armed Forces was opened on 13 November 1999 by President Smirnov together with Defense Minister Stanislav Hazheev. It has been visited by more than 20,000 servicemen, students, and tourists. The main attraction is the diorama "Storming the bridge over the Dniester", which depicts an episode of the battle on 20 June 1992. The museum is conventionally divided into two parts: exhibits and archival photographs. The central area is occupied by a ring in memory of fallen guardsmen.[19]

Sports Club

The Army Sports Club in Transnistria is a sports movement in the army that has the involvement of not only active military personnel, but also retired ones, as well as their family members, and pre-conscription youth. Almost anyone who wants to compete under the SKA banner are able to join the club. It was created as part of a return to the traditions of Soviet sports.[20]

Equipment

Small arms

Special Forces soldiers on the firing range
Special Forces soldiers on the firing range
Name Origin Type Variant Notes
Rifles
SKS[21] Soviet Union Semi-automatic
AK-74[21] Soviet Union Assault rifle AK-74M, AKS-74
Machine guns
RPK-74[21] Soviet Union Light machine gun RPK-74M
Explosive weapons
SPG-9[21] Soviet Union Recoilless gun Anti-amor weapon
RPG-7[21] Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade
RPG-18[21] Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade
RPG-22[21] Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade
RPG-26[21] Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade
RPG-27[21] Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade
9K111 Fagot[21] Soviet Union Wire-guided missile
9M113 Konkurs[21] Soviet Union Wire-guided missile
9M14 Malyutka[22] Soviet Union Wire-guided missile

Armor

A T-64 main battle tank
A T-64 main battle tank
Name Origin Type In service Notes
Armored fighting vehicles
T-64 Soviet Union Main battle tank 18[23]
BMP-1[21] Soviet Union Infantry fighting vehicle
GMZ-3[21] Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier BTRG-127 variant
GT-MU[21] Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier
MT-LB[21] Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier
BRDM-1[24] Soviet Union Amphibious armoured personnel carrier
BRDM-2[21] Soviet Union Amphibious armoured personnel carrier 9P148 variant
IRM 'Zhuk'[21] Soviet Union Amphibious armoured personnel carrier IRM 'Zhuk' variant
Artillery
BM-21 Grad[21] Soviet Union Multiple rocket launcher
Air defense
ZU-23-2[21] Soviet Union towed anti-aircraft gun
A Mil Mi-17 similar to this one are used by Transnistria
A Mil Mi-17 similar to this one are used by Transnistria

Aircraft

Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Helicopters
Mil Mi-8 Soviet Union utility Mi-8/17/171 1[25]
Mil Mi-24 Soviet Union attack Mi-24/35 1[25]

Retired aircraft

Previous aircraft operated were the Antonov An-26, Antonov An-2, Yakovlev Yak-52, and the Mil Mi-2 helicopter.[26]

References

  1. ^ a b Pridnestrovie.net, Law enforcement and armed forces of Pridnestrovie
  2. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Constitution, 2015-09-17.
  3. ^ http://lex.justice.md/index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang=1&id=306526
  4. ^ "Что сегодня происходит с "армией" непризнанной ПМР". InfoResist. October 8, 2020.
  5. ^ km.ru, Приднестровье показало мускулы, 2007-09-07 (in Russian)
  6. ^ "Первой Отдельной мотострелковой бригаде Вооруженных сил ПМР присвоено гвардейское и почетное наименование".((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Министерство обороны ПМР – Новости, будни и праздники Армии ПМР".
  8. ^ "Роте почетного караула ПМР – 20 лет | Новости Приднестровья".
  9. ^ "Оркестр ГШ ВС ПМР". dvorec-pmr.info. Retrieved 2017-12-22.
  10. ^ https://novostipmr.com/ru/news/20-05-05/mirotvorcy-priglashayut-muzhchin-na-voennye-sbory
  11. ^ https://novostipmr.com/ru/news/20-08-03/mirotvorcheskie-sily-pmr-priglashayut-muzhchin-na-voennye-sbory
  12. ^ "Выпускники Военного института Министерства обороны ПМР получили дипломы". vestipmr.info. 2015-07-15. Archived from the original on 2017-02-24. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  13. ^ Administrator1. "27 марта – День внутренних войск". МВД ПМР (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-09-05.
  14. ^ "В Приднестровье отмечают 30-летний юбилей республики". Baltija.eu. September 2, 2020.
  15. ^ "В Приднестровье парад Победы проведут в День независимости республики". EADaily.
  16. ^ "72nd anniversary of Tiraspol liberation from Nazi invaders | Новости Приднестровья".
  17. ^ Александр Комаров (2012-07-26). "В Приднестровье установлен День миротворца" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
  18. ^ Дарья Евтушенко. "В Приднестровье чествовали миротворцев" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
  19. ^ "Военно-исторический музей Вооружённых сил – Министерство обороны ПМР" (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-09-05.
  20. ^ "Спортивный клуб армии в Приднестровье может появиться уже на этой неделе". radio.pgtrk.com (in Russian). 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Mitzer. "The Victory Day Parade That Everyone Forgot". Oryx. Oryx.
  22. ^ "Маленькая и малобоеспособная | Еженедельник "Военно-промышленный курьер"". vpk-news.ru. Retrieved 2022-05-01.
  23. ^ "Law enforcement and armed forces of Pridnestrovie | Pridnestrovie.net - Tiraspol, PMR: Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublica (Transnistria)". 2009-11-04. Archived from the original on 2009-11-04. Retrieved 2019-06-23.
  24. ^ Tiraspol Hostel (2014-04-13). "Transnistria Army Tanks in center of Tiraspol!" (in Italian). Tiraspol Hostel. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 2017-08-07.
  25. ^ a b "World Air Forces 2022". Flightglobal Insight. 2022. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
  26. ^ MilAvia Press. "Order of Battle – Transnistria". Milaviapress.com. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2022.