Finnish national symbols are natural symbols or Finnish national works and prominent figures that are commonly associated with Finland.[1] The most recognized national symbols include the flag of Finland and the lion featured on the Finnish coat of arms.[2]

National symbols

Type Symbol Image
National flag Finnish flag[2]
Coat of arms Finnish coat of Arms[2]
National epic Kalevala[3][4]
National anthem Maamme[5][6]
National day Finnish independence day[7][8]
National food Rye bread[9]
National instrument Kantele[10][11]
National personification The Maiden of Finland[12][13]
National shrine Turku Cathedral (unofficial)[14]
National sport Pesäpallo ("Finnish baseball")[15]

National symbols from nature

Stamp featuring the brown bear, the national animal.
Type Symbol Image
National animal Brown bear[16][17][18]
National horse Finnhorse[19]
National insect Seven-spot ladybird[18][20]
National fish European perch[18][20]
Floral emblem Lily of the valley[16][18]
National stone Granite[18][21]
National dog Finnish Spitz[22]
National bird Whooper swan[18][20]
National butterfly Holly blue[23]
National tree Silver Birch[18][20]

Prominent national figures

Figure Name Image
National saint Bishop Henry[24]
National poet J. L. Runeberg and Eino Leino[25]
National philosopher J. V. Snellman[26]
National writer Aleksis Kivi[27]
National composer Jean Sibelius[28]
National artist Akseli Gallen-Kallela[29]
National architect and designer Alvar Aalto[30]

See also

References

  1. ^ Halonen, Tero (2005). Aro, Laura (ed.). Suomalaisten symbolit [Finnish symbols] (in Finnish). Jyväskylä: Atena. ISBN 9517963947. OCLC 71370819.
  2. ^ a b c Klinge, Matti (1999). Suomen sinivalkoiset värit. Kansallisten ja muidenkin symbolien vaiheista ja merkityksestä [The blue and white colours of Finland: The meanings and phases of national and other symbols] (in Finnish) (3rd ed.). Helsinki: Otava. ISBN 9789511153146. OCLC 58323536.
  3. ^ Piela, Ulla; Knuuttila, Seppo; Laaksonen, Pekka (2008). Kalevalan kulttuurihistoria [Cultural history of the Kalevala] (in Finnish). Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. ISBN 9789522220073. OCLC 318996067.
  4. ^ Vento, Urpo (1992). "The Role of The Kalevala" (PDF). Nordic Journal of African Studies. Finland: Finnish Literature Society. 1 (2): 82–93. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  5. ^ Kolbe, Laura; Valjus, Risto; Wrede, Johan (1998). Soi sana kultainen. Maamme-laulun viisitoista vuosikymmentä ["Sound, the golden word": Fifteen decades of the national anthem] (in Finnish). Helsinki: Yliopistopaino. ISBN 9789515703934. OCLC 40753314.
  6. ^ Gábor, Richly (February 2010). "A finn nemzeti himnusz" [The Finnish national anthem]. Kortárs (in Hungarian). Budapest. 54 (2) – via Electronic Periodical Archives and Database.
  7. ^ Närhinen, Salla; Tiitta, Allan (2006). Maamme-laulusta joulukuun kuudenteen [From the national anthem to December sixth]. Helsinki: Topelius-seura. ISBN 9789529199365. OCLC 251347680.
  8. ^ Kolbe, Laura (30 November 2011). "Linnan juhlia vuodesta 1919" [The castle celebrating since 1919]. Tiede (in Finnish). Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  9. ^ "Rye bread reigns as *the* Finnish food". thisisFINLAND. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  10. ^ Pekka, Jalkanen; Laitinen, Heikki; Tenhunen, Anna-Liisa; Blomster, Risto (2010). Kantele (in Finnish). Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. ISBN 9789522221018. OCLC 650841341.
  11. ^ Rahkonen, Carl (December 1989). The Kantele Traditions of Finland (PhD thesis). Bloomington, Indiana: Folklore Institute, Indiana University. Archived from the original on 27 July 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2019 – via Carl Rahkonen's Kantele Site.
  12. ^ Aimo, Reitala (1983). Suomi-neito. Suomen kuvallisen henkilöitymän vaiheet [The Finnish maiden: The stages of Finnish pictorial personification] (in Finnish). Helsinki: Otava. ISBN 951107430X. OCLC 13022040.
  13. ^ Tommila, Päiviö (2008). "Kuinka Suomi-neidon muotoinen kartta-Suomi syntyi?" [How come the Finnish maiden was born in the shape of Finland's map?] (PDF). Maankäyttö (in Finnish). Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Kansallispyhäkkö" [National shrine] (in Finnish). Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  15. ^ "Introduction to the game" (in Finnish). Pesäpalloliitto. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  16. ^ a b Poutanen, Terho (27 March 1996). "Karhu on kansalliseläimemme" [The bear is our national animal]. Luonnonsuojelija (in Finnish). Helsinki. 4: 12. ISSN 0788-8708. OCLC 925103096. Archived from the original on 6 June 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2019 – via Finnish Association for Nature Conservation. Slightly abridged.
  17. ^ "Karhu on Suomen kansalliseläin" [The bear is Finland's national animal]. Yle Oppiminen (in Finnish). Yle. 16 September 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g "Sanotaan että joutsen on Suomen lintu. Onko näin?" [It's said that the swan is Finland's national animal. Is that so?]. Kysy.fi (in Finnish). Helsinki Metropolitan Area Libraries. 10 December 2004. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  19. ^ "Suomenhevosesta Suomen kansallishevonen" [The Finnhorse, Finland's national horse]. Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Yle. 13 February 2007. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  20. ^ a b c d "Suomen kansalliset luontotunnukset" [Finnish national symbols from nature]. arkisto.sll.fi (in Finnish). Finnish Association for Nature Conservation. Archived from the original on 6 June 2008. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  21. ^ "Maakuntakivet" [The province stones]. gtk.fi (in Finnish). Geological Survey of Finland. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  22. ^ "Suomenpystykorva: Rotukuvaus - Yleistä" [Finnish Spitz: Breed description - Overview]. Suomen Pystykorvajärjestö (in Finnish). Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  23. ^ "Paatsamasinisiipi äänestettiin Suomen kansallisperhoseksi – "pieni mutta sisukas"" [The Holly blue was voted to be Finland's national butterfly - "small but mettlesome"]. Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). 14 June 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  24. ^ Palola, Ari-Pekka (1997). "Henrik (1100-luku)" [Henry (12th century)]. Studia Biographica (in Finnish). Finnish Literature Society. 4. Retrieved 5 December 2017 – via Suomen kansallisbiografia.
  25. ^ Rahikainen, Esko (January 2004). "Kansallisrunoilijan syntymästä 200 vuotta" [200 years since the birth of the national poet]. Verkkari (in Finnish). 4 (1). OCLC 971571888 – via Helsinki University Library.
  26. ^ "Tämä mies virallisti markan ja suomen" [This man formalized the Finnish markka and the Finnish language]. Uusi Suomi (in Finnish). 12 May 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  27. ^ Nieminen, Kirsti (2003). "Kansalliskirjailijaa muistetaan lokakuussa". Ajastaika (in Finnish). No. 3. Ajasto. Archived from the original on 1 September 2009. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  28. ^ Lindfors, Jukka. "Kansallissäveltäjä Jean Sibelius". yle.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  29. ^ "Matkalla Ainon maisemissa" [Traveling through the landscapes of Aino]. Kaleva (in Finnish). 11 September 2002. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  30. ^ Frederick Albert Gutheim (1960). Alvar Aalto. New York: G. Braziller. OCLC 518887.