Speaker of Parliament of Finland
Eduskunnan puhemies
Riksdagens talman
2020-03-02 Matti Vanhanen.jpg
Incumbent
Matti Vanhanen

since 1 February 2022
Parliament of Finland
SeatHelsinki, Finland
AppointerParliament
Term lengthOne year
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Finland
PrecursorSpeaker of the Diet of Finland
Formation1907; 115 years ago (1907)
First holderPehr Evind Svinhufvud
Salary€13,390 monthly[1]
Websitewww.eduskunta.fi

The speaker of the Parliament of Finland (Finnish eduskunnan puhemies, Swedish riksdagens talman), along with two deputy speakers, is elected by Parliament during the first plenary session each year. Speakers are chosen for a year at a time. In addition to their preparing the work in plenary sessions the speakers also play a key role in Parliament's international co-operation, which includes visits by speakers and international delegations as well as participation in numerous interparliamentary organisations.

The speaker and two deputy speakers are elected by parliament from among its members by secret ballot. After the election the speaker and deputy speakers each make the following solemn affirmation before Parliament:

"I, ..., affirm that in my office as speaker I will to the best of my ability defend the rights of the people, parliament and the government of Finland according to the Constitution."

Formally, the speaker ranks second in the protocol, after the president of Finland and before the prime minister of Finland.[2] An interim speaker is elected for the duration of government formation talks.

The title puhemies or talman has, both in Finnish and Swedish, the literal meaning 'spokesman', which has caused mild controversies in terms of sexism in language. However, according to official language authorities, the title is not easy to change to a more gender-neutral alternative due to its "strong connection to the institution and history of the Parliament".[3]

List of speakers of the Parliament of Finland

Name[3] Image Took office Left office Party
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud.jpg
23.5.1907 31.1.1913 Young Finnish Party
Oskari Tokoi
Oskar Tokoi 1900-luvun alussa.jpg
3.2.1913 1.2.1914 Social Democratic Party
Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg
Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg.jpg
3.2.1914 3.4.1917 Young Finnish Party
Kullervo Manner
KullervoManner.jpg
4.4.1917 30.10.1917 Social Democratic Party
Johannes Lundson
Johannes Lundson.jpg
2.11.1917 25.9.1918 Young Finnish Party
Lauri Ingman
Lauri Ingman.jpg
27.9.1918 4.11.1918 Finnish Party
Ernst Nevanlinna
Ernst Nevanlinna.jpg
6.11.1918 11.11.1918 Finnish Party
Lauri Ingman
Lauri Ingman.jpg
13.11.1918 28.11.1918 Finnish Party
Paavo Virkkunen
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
29.11.1918 31.3.1919 Finnish Party
Lauri Kristian Relander
Relander LC.jpg
2.4.1919 8.5.1920 Agrarian League
Kyösti Kallio
Kallio.jpg
8.5.1920 29.3.1921 Agrarian League
Wäinö Wuolijoki
Wäinö Wuolijoki (Peruskivi (cropped)).jpg
31.3.1921 4.9.1922 Social Democratic Party
Kyösti Kallio
Kallio.jpg
6.9.1922 14.11.1922 Agrarian League
Wäinö Wuolijoki
Wäinö Wuolijoki (Peruskivi (cropped)).jpg
15.11.1922 31.1.1923 Social Democratic Party
Paavo Virkkunen
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
2.2.1923 30.4.1924 National Coalition Party
Kyösti Kallio
Kallio.jpg
2.5.1924 31.3.1925 Agrarian League
Wäinö Wuolijoki
Wäinö Wuolijoki (Peruskivi (cropped)).jpg
1.4.1925 31.1.1926 Social Democratic Party
Paavo Virkkunen
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
2.2.1926 1.9.1927 National Coalition Party
Kyösti Kallio
Kallio.jpg
3.9.1927 31.1.1928 Agrarian League
Paavo Virkkunen
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
1.2.1928 31.1.1929 National Coalition Party
Kyösti Kallio
Kallio.jpg
1.2.1929 16.8.1929 Agrarian League
Paavo Virkkunen
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
17.8.1929 7.7.1930 National Coalition Party
Juho Sunila
JuhoSunila.jpg
8.7.1930 20.10.1930 Agrarian League
Kyösti Kallio
Kallio.jpg
21.10.1930 8.10.1936 Agrarian League
Väinö Hakkila
Vaino Hakkila.jpg
9.10.1936 4.4.1945 Social Democratic Party
Karl-August Fagerholm
Karl-August Fagerholm.jpg
6.4.1945 14.7.1948 Social Democratic Party
Urho Kekkonen
Urho Kaleva Kekkonen.jpg
22.7.1948 21.3.1950 Agrarian League
Karl-August Fagerholm
Karl-August Fagerholm.jpg
23.3.1950 6.3.1956 Social Democratic Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen.jpg
9.3.1956 28.5.1957 Agrarian League
Karl-August Fagerholm
Karl-August Fagerholm.jpg
31.5.1957 6.6.1958 Social Democratic Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen.jpg
29.7.1958 14.1.1959 Agrarian League
Karl-August Fagerholm
Karl-August Fagerholm.jpg
14.1.1959 16.2.1962 Social Democratic Party
Kauno Kleemola
Kauno Kleemola.jpg
24.2.1962 12.3.1965 Agrarian League / Centre Party
Karl-August Fagerholm
Karl-August Fagerholm.jpg
23.3.1965 4.4.1966 Social Democratic Party
Rafael Paasio
PuhemiesRafael-Paasio-1963.jpg
14.4.1966 1.6.1966 Social Democratic Party
Johannes Virolainen
Johannes Virolainen 1955.jpg
3.6.1966 26.3.1968 Centre Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen.jpg
26.3.1968 20.3.1970 Centre Party
Rafael Paasio
PuhemiesRafael-Paasio-1963.jpg
3.4.1970 29.2.1972 Social Democratic Party
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen
Vieno Johannes Sukselainen.jpg
29.2.1972 28.1.1976 Centre Party
Veikko Helle
Helle ja paasio.jpg
5.2.1976 31.1.1978 Social Democratic Party
Ahti Pekkala
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
1.2.1978 29.5.1979 Centre Party
Johannes Virolainen
Johannes Virolainen 1955.jpg
5.6.1979 25.3.1983 Centre Party
Erkki Pystynen
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
7.4.1983 25.3.1987 National Coalition Party
Ilkka Suominen
Ilkka Suominen (2009)
2.4.1987 5.5.1987 National Coalition Party
Matti Ahde
Matti Ahde.jpg
8.5.1987 1.2.1989 Social Democratic Party
Kalevi Sorsa
Kalevi Sorsa.jpg
1.2.1989 21.3.1991 Social Democratic Party
Esko Aho
Esko Aho (cropped).jpg
4.4.1991 26.4.1991 Centre Party
Ilkka Suominen
Ilkka Suominen (2009)
30.4.1991 6.2.1994 National Coalition Party
Riitta Uosukainen
Riitta Uosukainen.jpg
7.2.1994 23.3.1995 National Coalition Party
Paavo Lipponen
Paavo lipponen 15.1.2002 (cropped).jpg
28.3.1995 19.4.1995 Social Democratic Party
Riitta Uosukainen
Riitta Uosukainen.jpg
21.4.1995 23.3.1999 National Coalition Party
Jukka Mikkola
Jukka Mikkola.jpg
30.3.1999 16.4.1999 Social Democratic Party
Riitta Uosukainen
Riitta Uosukainen.jpg
20.4.1999 18.3.2003 National Coalition Party
Anneli Jäätteenmäki
Jäätteenmäki Anneli 2014-02-06 1.jpg
25.3.2003 16.4.2003 Centre Party
Paavo Lipponen
Paavo lipponen 15.1.2002 (cropped).jpg
22.4.2003 20.3.2007 Social Democratic Party
Timo Kalli
Timo Kalli.jpg
27.3.2007 20.4.2007 Centre Party
Sauli Niinistö
Sauli Niinistö.jpg
24.4.2007 19.4.2011 National Coalition Party
Ben Zyskowicz
Ben Zyskowicz 2014.jpg
27.4.2011 22.6.2011 National Coalition Party
Eero Heinäluoma
Plenum toppmotet. Nordiska Radet session i Helsingfors 29.10.2012 (1) (cropped).jpg
23.6.2011 21.4.2015 Social Democratic Party
Juha Sipilä
Juha Sipilä 18-4-2015.JPG
28.4.2015 29.5.2015 Centre Party
Maria Lohela
Maria Lohela 2015.jpg
29.5.2015 5.2.2018 Finns Party / Blue Reform
Paula Risikko
PaulaRisikko2.jpg
5.2.2018 16.4.2019 National Coalition Party
Antti Rinne
Antti Rinne.jpg
24.4.2019 5.6.2019 Social Democratic Party
Matti Vanhanen
2020-03-02 Matti Vanhanen.jpg
7.6.2019 9.6.2020 Centre Party
Anu Vehviläinen
Anu Vehviläinen 2010 (cropped).jpg
9.6.2020 1.2.2022 Centre Party
Matti Vanhanen
2020-03-02 Matti Vanhanen.jpg
1.2.2022 Incumbent Centre Party

List of deputy speakers

See also

References

  1. ^ "Eduskunnan puhemiehen palkkioon yli tuhannen euron korotus, toisen kauden kansanedustajien palkkioihin uusi "väliporras"". Helsingin Sanomat. April 17, 2019.
  2. ^ Maassa maan tavalla - tunne säännöt ja onnistu. Ulkoasiainministeriön protokollapalvelut (in Finnish). Ulkoasiainministeriö. 2008. p. 32. ISBN 978-952-281-173-8.
  3. ^ a b "History of Finnish Parliament". Eduskunta. Archived from the original on 2014-06-06.

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