Bandar Lampung
City of Bandar Lampung
Kota Bandar Lampung
Adipura Monument
Aerial view of Southern Bandar Lampung
Tanjung Karang Station
Grand Mercure Hotel
Siger Monument
Flag of Bandar Lampung
Coat of arms of Bandar Lampung
Nickname: 
Kota Kain Tapis (lit. 'City of Tapis')
Motto(s): 
Ragom Gawi (lit. 'Language and Culture')
Location within Lampung
Location within Lampung
Bandar Lampung is located in Southern Sumatra
Bandar Lampung
Bandar Lampung
Location in Southern Sumatra
Bandar Lampung is located in Sumatra
Bandar Lampung
Bandar Lampung
Location in Sumatra
Bandar Lampung is located in Indonesia
Bandar Lampung
Bandar Lampung
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 5°27′0″S 105°16′0″E / 5.45000°S 105.26667°E / -5.45000; 105.26667
Country Indonesia
RegionSumatra
Province Lampung
Founded17 June 1682
Government
 • TypeCity
 • MayorEva Dwiana [id]
 • Vice MayorDeddy Amrullah
Area
 • Province capital197.22 km2 (76.15 sq mi)
Elevation
15 m (49 ft)
Population
 (mid-2022 estimate)[1]
 • Province capital1,209,937
 • Density6,100/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,600,000
Human Development Index
 • HDI (2007)0.742
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postcodes
35111 to 35246[2]
Area code(+62) 721
Websitebandarlampungkota.go.id

Bandar Lampung (Lampungese: , Kutak Bandarlampung; formerly Dutch: Oosthaven, lit.'Eastern Harbor') is the capital and largest city of the Indonesian province of Lampung. Located on the southern tip of Sumatra, Bandar Lampung was originally called Tanjungkarang–Telukbetung, since it was a unification of two major settlements in Lampung, before being renamed in 1983.[3]

The city proper and South Lampung Regency (which borders the city on its northern and eastern sides) are major transmigrasi recipients. It has become the fourth-largest city in the region of Sumatra, after Medan, Palembang and Batam. The city's area is about 197.22 km2, with a census population of 790,057 in 2005, 881,801 in 2010,[4] 977,686 in 2015 and 1,166,066 in 2020;[5] the official estimate as of mid-2022 was 1,209,937.[1]

History

Bandar Lampung is the capital city of Lampung Province. Before it was named Bandar Lampung, this city was named Tanjung Karang–Teluk Betung. It was a combination of the two twin cities of Tanjung Karang and Teluk Betung; the two twin cities were previously part of South Lampung Regency. This naming is because the city of Bandar Lampung consisted of the city of Tanjung Karang and the city of Teluk Betung. In 1982, there was an expansion of the territory with the entry of three new districts[6][7]

Early history

A report by the Banten regent William Craft to Governor-General Cornelis Speelman states that, on the basis of a description provided by Pangeran Aria Dipati Ningrat on 17 June 1682, "Lampung-Telokbetong at the edge of the sea is the seat of power of a Dipati Temenggung Nata Negara, with power over three thousand people". This date would later be adopted by the city administration as its official founding date.[8]

Dutch East Indies

The coat of arms of Lampung during the Dutch colonial era, adopted in the 1920s
Teluk Betung in the 1930s

Under the Dutch colonial administration, 1912 Staatsblad 462 codified the city as being part and parcel of the Onderafdeling Telokbetong, composed of present-day Teluk Betung and its environs. The Onderafdeling's capital was Tanjung Karang, while Teluk Betung itself served as the seat of government for the Karesidenan Lampung.[8]

Geography

Bandar Lampung, formerly Tanjungkarang-Telukbetung, the capital of Lampung Province, Indonesia, lies at the head of Lampung Bay on the south coast of the island of Sumatra. Bandar Lampung was created in the 1980s from the amalgamation of the former provincial capital, Tanjungkarang, with the port of Telukbetung. The city's cottage industries include metalworking, hand-weaving, and pottery and tile making. With air, road, and rail connections. Bandar Lampung is the chief port and transportation center for the surrounding agricultural area, which produces rubber, tea, coffee, and pepper for export.[9]

Under Japanese occupation

During the Japanese colonial era, present-day Bandar Lampung was administered as a city, led by a Japanese mayor, who was assisted by an Indonesian deputy mayor (副市長, fuku-shicho).[8]

Post-independence

After Indonesian independence in 1945, Tanjung Karang and Teluk Betung initially fell under the jurisdiction of South Lampung Regency, until a 1948 law consolidated the two and elevated them to independent city status.[8]

Administrative districts

District divisions of Bandar Lampung

At the time of the 2010 census, the city of Bandar Lampung was divided into thirteen administrative districts (Indonesian: kecamatan), but subsequently seven additional districts were created by the splitting of existing districts, bringing the total to twenty districts. The new districts are Bumi Waras, Enggal, Kedamaian, Labuhan Ratu, Langkapura, Teluk Betung Timur (East Teluk Betung) and Way Halim.

The twenty districts are tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 census[4] and the 2020 census;[5] together with the official estimates as of mid 2022.[1] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (all classed as urban kelurahan) in each district and its postal codes.

Area code (kode
wilayah
)
Name of
district
(kecamatan)
Area
in
km2
Pop'n
census
2010
Pop'n
census
2020
Pop'n
estimate
mid 2022
No.
of
kelurahan
Postal
codes
18.71.08 Teluk Betung Barat
(West Teluk Betung)
11.02 59,396 41,096 42,642 5 35232 - 35239
18.71.19 Teluk Betung Timur
(East Teluk Betung)
14.83 (a) 53,874 55,901 6 35231 - 35237
18.71.07 Teluk Betung Selatan
(South Teluk Betung)
3.79 92,156 42,870 44,483 6 35211 - 35229
18.71.20 Bumi Waras 3.75 (a) 63,166 65,542 5 35224 - 35228
18.71.04 Panjang 15.75 63,504 80,811 83,851 8 35241 - 35246
18.71.05 Tanjung Karang Timur
(East Tanjung Karang)
2.03 89,324 43,076 44,697 8 35121 - 35126
18.71.18 Kedamaian 8.21 (a) 57,905 60,084 8 35122 - 35133
18.71.09 Teluk Betung Utara
(North Teluk Betung)
4.33 62,663 53,552 55,567 6 35211 - 35215
18.71.06 Tanjung Karang Pusat
(Central Tanjung Karang)
4.05 72,385 55,925 58,029 7 35111 - 35119
18.71.17 Enggal 3.49 (a) 28,649 29,727 6 35111 - 35127
18.71.03 Tanjung Karang Barat
(West Tanjung Karang)
14.99 63,747 65,554 68,020 7 35151 - 35159
18.71.13 Kemiling 24.24 71,471 88,574 91,907 9 35153 - 35158
18.71.16 Langkapura 6.12 (a) 43,569 45,208 5 35152 - 35157
18.71.01 Kedaton 4.79 88,314 57,336 59,493 7 35141 - 35148
18.71.10 Rajabasa 13.53 43,257 57,589 59,756 7 35144 - 35145
18.71.11 Tanjung Senang 10.63 41,225 62,168 64,507 5 35141 - 35143
18.71.14 Labuhan Ratu 7.97 (a) 52,393 54,364 6 35142 - 35149
18.71.02 Sukarame 14.75 70,761 67,725 70,273 6 35131
18.71.12 Sukabumi 23.60 63,598 75,870 78,724 7 35122 - 35245
18.71.15 Way Halim 5.35 (a) 74,364 77,162 6 35123 - 35141
Total city 197.22 881,801 1,166,066 1,209,937 126

Note: (a) the 2010 population of this new district is included in the figures for the district(s) from which it was separated.

Climate

Bandar Lampung has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy rainfall year-round. Rain gets noticeably heavier from November to April.

Climate data for Bandar Lampung
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
31.0
(87.8)
31.6
(88.9)
32.0
(89.6)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.3
(88.3)
31.4
(88.5)
31.4
(88.5)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
31.1
(88.0)
31.5
(88.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
27.2
(81.0)
26.8
(80.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
26.9
(80.4)
26.9
(80.4)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
22.5
(72.5)
22.8
(73.0)
22.7
(72.9)
22.5
(72.5)
22.0
(71.6)
21.9
(71.4)
21.8
(71.2)
22.1
(71.8)
22.4
(72.3)
22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22.4
(72.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 280
(11.0)
281
(11.1)
255
(10.0)
175
(6.9)
135
(5.3)
119
(4.7)
100
(3.9)
121
(4.8)
118
(4.6)
139
(5.5)
149
(5.9)
250
(9.8)
2,122
(83.5)
Source: [10]

Transportation

Air

Radin Inten 2 Airport Terminal

Bandar Lampung is served by Radin Inten II Airport (TKG), in the neighbouring county of South Lampung. The airport can be accessed by public transportation, such as bus and mini bus.

Road transport

Bandar Lampung has several road transportation alternatives. The most popular is a minibus called angkot, an abbreviation from Angkutan Kota (literally translated as 'City Transportation'). They serve routes throughout the city, operated privately and cheaply. Usually, an angkot covers some area between Tanjung Karang (the heart of Bandar Lampung) and an urban area. Currently, routes covered are Tanjung Karang – Garuntang, Tanjung Karang – Teluk Betung, Tanjung Karang – Rajabasa, Tanjung Karang – Sukarame, Tanjung Karang – Langkapura and more.

Bandarlampung Transportation Office has announced that in October 2011 it will serve two of the seven routes planned by bus rapid transit—the Rajabasa-Sukaraja and Sukaraja-Korpri housing complexes in Sukarame.[11]

Rail transport

Tanjung Karang Station in 2015

Tanjung Karang Station in Bandar Lampung is the terminus of the railway service from Palembang, although the railway track continues all the way until Panjang harbor and Tarahan coal offloading point. There are many express trains connecting Bandar Lampung and Palembang, including the Limex Sriwijaya and Rajabasa Express.

Media

The oldest newspaper in the Lampung region is Lampung Post, part of Media Group. Several other newspapers, such as Tribun Lampung and Radar Lampung are also available.

The privately owned Radar Lampung TV and Tegar TV are the local TV stations based in Bandar Lampung. The public TVRI Lampung also covers the city.

Education

Bandar Lampung University, Campus A
Malahayati University, Old Rectorate

In 2009, Bandar Lampung had a literacy rate of 94.3%,[12] slightly increased from 2005, which was 93.5%. However, the high school participation rate kept decreasing, from 69.2% (2007) to 61.4% (2009).[13] On the other hand, the high school participation rate in Indonesia rose from 54.6% in 2007 to 55.8% in 2010.[14]

There are some notable high schools and universities in Bandar Lampung, such as SMP Negeri 2 Bandar Lampung (public), SMP Negeri 1 Bandar Lampung (public), SMA Negeri 2 Bandar Lampung (public, known as Smanda), SMA Negeri 9 Bandar Lampung (public, known as Smalan), SMA Negeri 1 Bandar Lampung (public, known as Smansa), SMA Al-Kautsar Bandar Lampung (private), SMA Fransiskus Bandar Lampung (private), SMP Xaverius 4 (private Catholic junior high school), SMA Xaverius Pahoman (a Catholic private school teaching students from kindergarten to high school, locally known as Xavepa), Lampung University (public, locally known as Unila), Bandar Lampung University (private, locally known as UBL: Universitas Bandar Lampung),Muhammadiyah University of Lampung (known as UML: Universitas Muhammadiyah Lampung and Malahayati University (private). In March 2011, Unila already had 70,866 alumni.[15]

Sister cities

Bandar Lampung is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2023, Kota Bandar Lampung Dalam Angka 2023 (Katalog-BPS 1102001.1871)
  2. ^ "Kode POS Kota Bandar Lampung - urut Kecamatan/Distrik - hal 1". kodepos.nomor.net.
  3. ^ "Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 24 Tahun 1983". President of Republic Indonesia. 1983. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  4. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  6. ^ "Kota Bandar Lampung | BPK Perwakilan Provinsi LAMPUNG".
  7. ^ "Sejarah Kota Bandar Lampung, Dimulai dari Telukbetung dan Tanjungkarang". 15 August 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d "PORTAL Berita Resmi Pemerintahan Kota Bandar Lampung". bandarlampungkota.go.id. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  9. ^ "Bandar Lampung | Indonesia | Britannica".
  10. ^ "Lampung Town climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Lampung Town weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org.
  11. ^ "Bandarlampung to unveil BRT as passenger-friendly transport". 22 September 2011.
  12. ^ "Angka Melek Huruf Penduduk berumur 15 tahun ke atas menurut Kabupaten/Kota 2005-2009" (PDF). Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Lampung, Indonesia. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  13. ^ "Angka Partisipasi Sekolah menurut Kabupaten/Kota" (PDF). Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Lampung, Indonesia. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  14. ^ "Indikator Pendidikan Tahun 1994-2010". Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  15. ^ "WISUDA: Unila Lahirkan 1.403 Sarjana". Lampung Post. 16 March 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.[permanent dead link]