Jambi
City of Jambi
Kota Jambi
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawiبندارايا جمبي
Jambi city in evening
Jambi city in evening
Flag of Jambi
Coat of arms of Jambi
Motto(s): 
Tanah Pilih Pesako Betuah
(Chosen Land with Auspicious Heritage)
Location within Jambi Province
Location within Jambi Province
Jambi is located in Sumatra
Jambi
Jambi
Location in Sumatra
Jambi is located in Indonesia
Jambi
Jambi
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 1°35′24″S 103°36′36″E / 1.59000°S 103.61000°E / -1.59000; 103.61000
Country Indonesia
RegionSumatra
Province Jambi
Founded17 May 1401
City Status1956
Government
 • MayorSyarif Fasha (Golkar)
 • Vice MayorMaulana
Area
 • Total205.38 km2 (79.30 sq mi)
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 (mid 2022 estimate)
 • Total619,553
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code(+62) 741
Websitejambikota.go.id
Muaro Jambi Temple Compounds

Jambi is the capital and largest city of the Indonesian province of Jambi. Located on the island of Sumatra, the city is a busy port on the Batang Hari River and an oil- and rubber-producing centre. The city is located 26 km (16 mi) from the ruins of Muaro Jambi Temple Compounds, an important city in the ancient Srivijaya kingdom.

Nearby towns and villages include Mendalo (5.1 nmi (9.4 km; 5.9 mi)), Kinati (4.1 nmi (7.6 km; 4.7 mi)), Padang (4.5 nmi (8.3 km; 5.2 mi)), Tanjungjohor (3.2 nmi (5.9 km; 3.7 mi)), Paalmerah (2.8 nmi (5.2 km; 3.2 mi)), and Muarakumpe (3.6 nmi (6.7 km; 4.1 mi)). Jambi City itself is an enclave within Muaro Jambi Regency.

Jambi is served by the Sultan Thaha Airport.

History

Jambi City was denoted as the administrative capital of the Jambi autonomic area by the Governor of Sumatra on 17 May 1946. In 1956, Jambi City was given its city status, and eventually became the capital of Jambi province on 6 January 1957.

Geography

The total land area of Jambi city is 205.38 km2 (79 sq mi). Jambi City is located in the southwestern portion of the Sumatran Basin, a low-lying area in Eastern Sumatra with an altitude of 0 to 60m above sea level. A segment of the Batanghari River, the longest river in Sumatra at 1,700 km (1,056 mi), flows through Jambi City.

Demographics

Ethnicities of Jambi (city)[2]
Ethnic group Percentage
Jambi Malays
27.84%
Javanese
22.05%
Minangkabau
12.64%
Malays
11.47%
Chinese
6.82%
Batak
6.62%
Sundanese
4.47%
Bugis
2.03%
Others
6.06%

Jambi city is the most populated city in Jambi Province, with 606,200 inhabitants (17% of the province's population) living in this city in 2020;[3] the official estimate as of mid-2022 was 619,553 (comprising 311,616 males and 307,937 females).[1] The city is a very diverse and multi-ethnic, consisting of Jambi Malays (27.84%), Javanese (22.05%), Minangkabau (12.64%), Malays (11.47%), Chinese (6.82%), Batak (6.62%), Sundanese (4.47%), and Bugis (2.03%).[2]

Administrative districts

At the time of the 2010 Census, the city of Jambi was subdivided into eight administrative districts (kecamatan), but during the following decade, three additional districts were added by the splitting of existing districts - Alam Barajo, Danau Sipin and Paal Merah. The districts are listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[4] and 2020 Census,[3] together with the official estimates as of mid-2022.[1] The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, the number of administrative villages in each district (all classed as urban kelurahan), and their postcodes.

Kode
Wilayah
Name of
District
(kecamatan)
Area
in
km2
Pop'n
2010
Census
Pop'n
2020
Census
Pop'n
mid 2022
Estimate
Admin
centre
No.
of
villages
Post
codes
15.71.07 Kota Baru 36.11 139,359 80,062 83,381 Paal Lima 5 36126 - 36128
15.71.09 Alam Baraja 41.56 (a) 108,196 113,146 Bagan Pete 5 36125 - 36129
15.71.02 Jambi Selatan
(South Jambi)
11.41 124,280 56,929 57,515 Pakuan Baru 5 36131 - 36139
15.71.11 Paal Merah 27.13 (a) 105,906 108,182 Talang Bakung 5 36139 - 36148
15.71.08 Jelutung 7.92 60,544 59,442 59,744 Jelutung 7 36133 - 36137
15.71.04 Pasar Jambi 4.02 12,800 11,193 11,147 Pasar 4 36111 - 36134
15.71.01 Telanaipura 22.51 92,366 49,212 49,734 Telanai Pura 6 36122 - 36129
15.71.10 Danau Sipin 7.88 (a) 43,375 43,734 Murni 5 36121 - 36129
15.71.06 Danau Teluk 15.70 11,824 12,822 13,009 Olak Kemang 5 36261 - 36265
15.71.05 Pelayangan 15.29 12,861 12,939 13,050 Ulu Gedong 6 36251 - 36256
15.71.03 Jambi Timur
(East Jambi)
15.94 77,823 66,124 66,925 Tanjung Pinang 9 36141 - 36149
Totals 205.38 531,857 606,200 619,553 Kota Baru 62

Note: (a) the 2010 populations of these new districts are included with the figure for the district from which they were cut.

Climate

Jambi has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) according to the Köppen climate classification, with a minimum temperature of 22 to 23 °C (72 to 73 °F) and a maximum temperature of 30 to 32 °C (86 to 90 °F). The level of humidity ranges from 82 to 28%. The annual rainfall of Jambi City is 2,296.1 mm (90.4 in), with the rainy season lasting from October to March with 20 rainy days a month. The dry season lasts from April to September with an average of 16 rainy days a month.

Climate data for Jambi (Sultan Thaha Syaifuddin Airport, 1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30.7
(87.3)
31.3
(88.3)
31.9
(89.4)
32.3
(90.1)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.3
(90.1)
32.3
(90.1)
32.1
(89.8)
31.8
(89.2)
31.1
(88.0)
31.9
(89.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
26.8
(80.2)
27.1
(80.8)
27.3
(81.1)
27.2
(81.0)
26.9
(80.4)
27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
26.9
(80.4)
26.8
(80.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.9
(80.4)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
23.2
(73.8)
23.4
(74.1)
23.6
(74.5)
23.3
(73.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.8
(73.0)
22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 218
(8.6)
193
(7.6)
252
(9.9)
257
(10.1)
180
(7.1)
124
(4.9)
106
(4.2)
133
(5.2)
151
(5.9)
209
(8.2)
270
(10.6)
254
(10.0)
2,347
(92.3)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 101.8 103.7 114.9 130.7 149.0 159.1 171.6 164.0 128.4 114.5 107.4 98.9 1,544
Source 1: World Meteorological Organization[5]
Source 2: Climate-Data.org (precipitation)[6]

Transportation

Gentala Arasy pedestrian bridge

The city is served by Sultan Thaha Airport, which has connections to Jakarta, Batam, Palembang, Medan, Bengkulu, Bandar Lampung, and Pekanbaru. Trans-Sumatran Highway crosses the city. Jambi Port is located over the Batang Hari River. Public transportation includes angkot and ojek. Ride-sharing services Grab and Gojek also available

Media

The oldest newspaper in the Jambi region is Jambi Independent, part of Jawa Pos Group. Several other newspapers such as Tribun Jambi, Jambi Ekspres and Metro Jambi are also available.

The privately owned Jek TV and Jambi TV are the local TV stations based in Jambi. The public TVRI Jambi also covers the city.

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Indonesia

Jambi City is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ a b c Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2023, Kota Jambi Dalam Angka 2023 (Katalog-BPS 1102001.1571)
  2. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jambi
  3. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1991–2020". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 19 October 2023.
  6. ^ "Climate: Jambi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 April 2020.