, officially the Taiwan Republic of China ( ROC), is a country in East Asia, at the junction of the East and South China Seas in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, with the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The territories controlled by the ROC consist of 168 islands, with a combined area of 36,193 square kilometres (13,974 sq mi). The main island of Taiwan, also known as Formosa, has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanised population is concentrated. The capital, Taipei, forms along with New Taipei City and Keelung the largest metropolitan area of Taiwan. Other major cities include Taoyuan, Taichung, Tainan, and Kaohsiung. With around 23.9 million inhabitants, Taiwan is among the most densely populated countries in the world.
Taiwan has been settled for at least 25,000 years. Ancestors of
Taiwanese indigenous peoples settled the island around 6,000 years ago. In the 17th century, large-scale Han Chinese (specifically the Hakkas and Hoklos) immigration to western Taiwan began under a Dutch colony and continued under the Kingdom of Tungning. The island was annexed in 1683 by the Qing dynasty of China and ceded to the Empire of Japan in 1895. The Republic of China, which had overthrown the Qing in 1911, took control of Taiwan on behalf of the Allies of World War II following the surrender of Japan in 1945. The immediate resumption of the Chinese Civil War resulted in the loss of the Chinese mainland to Communist forces who established the People's Republic of China, and the flight of the ROC central government to Taiwan in 1949. The effective jurisdiction of the ROC has since been limited to Formosa, Penghu, and smaller islands.
In the early 1960s, Taiwan entered a period of rapid economic growth and industrialisation called the "
Taiwan Miracle". In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the ROC transitioned from a one-party state under martial law to a multi-party democracy, with democratically elected presidents since 1996. Taiwan's export-oriented industrial economy is the 21st-largest in the world by nominal GDP and 19th-largest by PPP measures, with a focus on steel, machinery, electronics and chemicals manufacturing. Taiwan is a developed country, ranking 20th on GDP per capita. It is ranked highly in terms of civil liberties, healthcare, and human development.
political status of Taiwan is contentious. The ROC no longer represents China as a member of the United Nations, after UN members voted in 1971 to recognize the PRC instead. The ROC maintained its claim of being the sole legitimate representative of China and its territory, although this has been downplayed since its democratization in the 1990s. Taiwan is claimed by the PRC, which refuses diplomatic relations with countries that recognise the ROC. Taiwan maintains official diplomatic relations with 13 out of 193 UN member states and the Holy See, though many others maintain unofficial diplomatic ties through representative offices and institutions that function as . International organisations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership to Taiwan or allow it to participate only on a non-state basis under various names. Domestically, the major political contention is between parties favouring eventual de facto embassies and consulates Chinese unification and promoting a pan-Chinese identity, contrasted with those aspiring to formal international recognition and promoting a Taiwanese identity; into the 21st century, both sides have moderated their positions to broaden their appeal. ( )
Selected article -
( Grand Hotel Chinese: 圓山大飯店; pinyin: ; Yuánshān Dà Fàndiàn 'Yuanshan Great Hotel') is a lit. landmark located at Yuanshan (圓山) in Zhongshan District, Taipei, Taiwan. The hotel was established in May 1952 and the main building was completed on October 10, 1973. It is owned by the Duen-Mou Foundation of Taiwan, a non-profit organization, and has played host to many foreign dignitaries who have visited Taipei.
The main building of the hotel is one of the world's tallest
Chinese classical buildings
at 87 metres (285 ft) high. It was also the tallest building in Taiwan from 1973 to 1981. (
Selected picture -
This is a Good article, an article that meets a core set of high editorial standards.
( You Are the Apple of My Eye Chinese: 那些年，我們一起追的女孩, lit. 'Those Years, The Girl We Went After Together') is a 2011 Taiwanese coming of age romance film. It is based on the semi-autobiographical novel of the same name by Taiwanese author Giddens Ko, who also made his directorial debut with the film. The film stars Ko Chen-tung as Ko Ching-teng, a prankster and a mischievous student who eventually becomes a writer. Michelle Chen stars as Shen Chia-yi, an honor student who is very popular amongst the boys in her class.
You Are the Apple of My Eye
was filmed almost entirely on location in
, including at the high school which Giddens attended. The lyrics of "Those Years", the film's main theme, were written by Giddens. The song, which was well received by the public, was nominated for Best Original Film Song at the
48th Golden Horse Awards
Did you know -
... that Longshan Temple (pictured) is the oldest temple in Taipei, originally built by settlers from Fujian Province in 1738 and is an example of classical Taiwanese architecture?
... that is the largest mosque in Taiwan and that there are over 140,000 Muslims residing in Taiwan? Taipei Grand Mosque General images
The following are images from various Taiwan-related articles on Wikipedia.
An Affair of Retaliation on Formosa
– illustration from the
History of Taiwan
Japanese painting of the expedition forces attacking the Mudan tribe, 1874 (from
The Qing Empire in 1820, with provinces in yellow, military governorates and protectorates in light yellow, tributary states in orange. (from
Map of Qianzhu City (modern
Beside President Chiang Kai-shek, the U.S. President
stores opposite each other on a crossroad. Taiwan has the highest density of 7-Eleven stores per person in the world (from
Culture of Taiwan
Taiwanese aborigines depicted in
Map of Asia showing the "Chinese Empire" (1892) (from
Chinese depiction of Chikan (
Depiction of a Chinese man, woman, and soldier, by Georg Franz Müller (1646-1723) (from
Administrative units of Taiwan under the Qing dynasty in 1734 (from
Mid-17th century portrait of
Woodcut of the mass killings which took place during the February 28 Incident (from
Taiwan in the 17th century, showing Dutch (magenta) and Spanish (green) possessions, and the
Map of the Zheng family's sphere of influence, 1727 (from
The Imperial Guard Defeats the Enemy in Hard Fighting at Keelung on the Island of Taiwan
, 1895 (from
History of Taiwan
Chinese map of Taiwan, 1880 (from
Population density map of Taiwan in 2019 (from
Section of a painting depicting daily life of the
Original geographic distributions of Taiwanese aboriginal peoples (from
Depiction of Qing ships crossing the ocean to suppress the
Chinese map of Taiwan, 1735 (from
1901 map with red line marking approximate boundary separating territory under actual Japanese administration from "Savage District" (from
Saigō with leaders of the Seqalu tribe in Taiwan (from
Map of Taiwan with the western coast pointed downwards, c. 1640 (from
Entrance hall of a K-TV in Taipei (from
Administrative units of Taiwan under the Qing dynasty by 1894 (from
Painting of northwestern Taiwan, c. 1756-1759 (from
American expedition to Taiwan in 1867 (from
Administrative units of Taiwan under the Qing dynasty in 1685 (from
Savages of Formosa
, a 1926 government report on tribal life in Taiwan (from
History of Taiwan
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