Welcome to the Vietnam portal / Chào mừng bạn đến với Cổng thông tin Việt Nam
: Việt Nam
, [vîət nāːm] (listen)
), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
, is a country in Southeast Asia
. Located at the eastern edge of mainland Southeast Asia
, it covers 311,699 square kilometres. With a population of over 96 million, it is the world's fifteenth-most populous country
. Vietnam borders China
to the north, Laos
to the west, and shares maritime borders
through the Gulf of Thailand
, and the Philippines
, and Malaysia
through the South China Sea
. Its capital is Hanoi
and its largest city is Ho Chi Minh City
Vietnam was inhabited as early as the Paleolithic age. The first known Vietnamese nation during the first millennium BC centred on the Red River Delta, located in modern day northern Vietnam. The Han dynasty annexed and put the Vietnamese under Chinese rule from 111 BC, until the first independent imperial dynasty emerged in 939. Successive imperial dynasties absorbed Chinese influences through Confucianism and Buddhism, and expanded southward to the Mekong Delta. The Nguyễn—the last imperial dynasty—fell to French colonisation in 1887. Following the August Revolution, the nationalist Viet Minh under the leadership of communist revolutionary Ho Chi Minh proclaimed independence from France in 1945.
Vietnam went through prolonged warfare through the 20th century. After World War II, France returned to reclaim colonial power in the First Indochina War, from which Vietnam emerged victorious in 1954. The Vietnam War began shortly after, during which the nation was divided into communist North supported by the Soviet Union and China, and anti-communist South supported by the United States. Upon North Vietnamese victory in 1975, Vietnam reunified as a unitary socialist state under the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1976. An ineffective planned economy, trade embargo by the West, and wars with Cambodia and China crippled the country. In 1986, the Communist Party initiated economic and political reforms, transforming the country to a market-oriented economy.
The reforms facilitated Vietnamese integration into global economy and politics. A developing country with a lower-middle-income economy, Vietnam is one of the fastest growing economies of the 21st century. It is part of international and intergovernmental institutions including the United Nations, the ASEAN, the APEC, the CPTPP, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, and the World Trade Organization. It has assumed a seat on the United Nations Security Council twice. Contemporary issues in Vietnam include corruption and a poor human rights record. (Full article...)
Selected article -
Making salt by evaporation of sea water near
The gate to Linh Ung Pagoda at
Hồ Chí Minh
attended French Communist Congress in Marseilles in 1921 under the name Nguyễn Ái Quốc.
Trần Nhân Tông
who has now become a monk and returned to Hanoi from his hermitage in Vũ Lâm.
The painting depicts the retired emperor
Wooden doors in the Imperial palace in
Hanging fishing nets in the
Did you know -
- ... that the Vietnamese pop song "Ghen Cô Vy" was produced to educate people on how to avoid contracting COVID-19?
- ... that historian Jeffrey Kimball argued that the Vietnam War "was waged as much against Saigon as it was against the [Viet Cong / North Vietnamese] enemy"?
- ... that a dance move originally performed by Big Bang's G-Dragon became a trend in Vietnam due to efforts by Khá Bảnh?
- ... that a monument in Moscow honoring North Vietnamese communist leader Ho Chi Minh has been nicknamed the "flying saucer monument" by locals?
- ... that on May 9, 1970, Richard Nixon spent the two hours before dawn at the Lincoln Memorial talking to students protesting the Vietnam War?
- ... that wushu athlete Nguyễn Thúy Hiền was voted the best Vietnamese female athlete of the 20th century?
General images -
The following are images from various Vietnam-related articles on Wikipedia.
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Wikipedias in Vietnamese languages
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