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[vîət nāːm] ( ) listen
), officially the
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
, is a country in
. Located at the eastern edge of
mainland Southeast Asia
, it covers 311,699 square kilometres. With a population of over 96 million, it is the world's
fifteenth-most populous country
. Vietnam borders
to the north,
to the west, and shares
Gulf of Thailand
, and the
South China Sea
. Its capital is
and its largest city is
Ho Chi Minh City
Vietnam was inhabited as early as the
Paleolithic age. The first known states during the first millennium BC centered on the Red River Delta, located in modern-day northern Vietnam. The Han dynasty annexed and put Northern and Central Vietnam under Chinese rule from 111 BC, until the first dynasty emerged in 939. Successive monarchical dynasties absorbed Chinese influences through Confucianism and Buddhism, and expanded southward to the Mekong Delta. The Nguyễn—the last imperial dynasty—fell to French colonisation in 1887. Following the August Revolution, the nationalist Viet Minh under the leadership of communist revolutionary Ho Chi Minh proclaimed independence from France in 1945.
Vietnam went through prolonged warfare through the 20th century. After
World War II, France returned to reclaim colonial power in the First Indochina War, from which Vietnam emerged victorious in 1954. The Vietnam War began shortly after, during which the nation was divided into communist North supported by the Soviet Union and China, and anti-communist South supported by the United States. Upon North Vietnamese victory in 1975, Vietnam reunified as a unitary socialist state under the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1976. An ineffective planned economy, trade embargo by the West, and wars with Cambodia and China crippled the country. In 1986, the Communist Party initiated economic and political reforms, transforming the country to a market-oriented economy.
The reforms facilitated Vietnamese integration into global economy and politics. A
developing country with a lower-middle-income economy, Vietnam is one of the fastest growing economies of the 21st century. It is part of international and intergovernmental institutions including the United Nations, the ASEAN, the APEC, the CPTPP, the Non-Aligned Movement, the OIF, and the WTO. It has assumed a seat on the United Nations Security Council twice. Contemporary issues in Vietnam include corruption and a poor human rights record. ( )
Selected article -
Map indicating towns and cities in which significant fighting occurred during the Tet offensive of 1968
( Tet Offensive Vietnamese: Sự kiện Tết Mậu Thân 1968, lit. "1968 Yang Earth Monkey Tet event", also , "General offensive and uprising of Tet Mau Than") was a major escalation and one of the largest military campaigns of the Tổng tiến công và nổi dậy, Tết Mậu Thân 1968 Vietnam War. It was launched on January 30, 1968 by forces of the Viet Cong (VC) and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) against the forces of the South Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the United States Armed Forces and their allies. It was a campaign of surprise attacks against military and civilian command and control centers throughout South Vietnam. The name is the truncated version of the Lunar New Year festival name in Vietnamese, Tết Nguyên Đán, with the offense chosen during a holiday period as most ARVN personnel were on leave. The purpose of the wide-scale offensive by the Hanoi Politburo was to trigger political instability, in a belief that mass armed assault on urban centers would trigger defections and rebellions.
The offensive was launched prematurely in the late night hours of 30 January in the
II Corps Tactical Zones
of South Vietnam. This early attack allowed allied forces some time to prepare defensive measures. When the main operation began the next morning, the offensive was countrywide and well coordinated; eventually more than 80,000 PAVN/VC troops struck more than 100 towns and cities, including 36 of 44 provincial capitals, five of the six autonomous cities, 72 of 245 district towns, and the southern capital. The offensive was the largest military operation conducted by either side up to that point in the war. (
The gate to Linh Ung Pagoda at
Trần Nhân Tông
who has now become a monk and returned to Hanoi from his hermitage in Vũ Lâm.
The painting depicts the retired emperor
Hồ Chí Minh
attended French Communist Congress in Marseilles in 1921 under the name Nguyễn Ái Quốc.
Making salt by evaporation of sea water near
Wooden doors in the Imperial palace in
Hanging fishing nets in the
Did you know -
... that the 1983 memoir
, which details the author's time as a Home Before Morning Vietnam War nurse, is dedicated to "all of the unknown women who served forgotten in their wars"? ... that the township of
in Vietnam was once known as the " Hồ Xá B-52 bomb pocket"? ... that
wushu athlete was voted the best Vietnamese female athlete of the 20th century? Nguyễn Thúy Hiền ... that the Vietnamese pop song "
" was produced to educate people on how to avoid contracting Ghen Cô Vy COVID-19? ... that Mongol general
invaded the territory of the Uriyangkhadai Song dynasty in southern China by going through Tibet and Vietnam? ... that the , which had been feared to have gone extinct nearly 30 years ago, was sighted again in 2019? Vietnam mouse-deer
General images -
The following are images from various Vietnam-related articles on Wikipedia.
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