|Type||State television network|
|Headquarters||43 Nguyễn Chí Thanh, Giảng Võ, Ba Đình, Hanoi, Vietnam|
|Owner||Government of Vietnam|
|Lê Ngọc Quang |
Đỗ Thanh Hải
(Deputy Managing Director)
|September 7, 1970|
|Independent Television System (7 September 1970 – 4 July 1976) |
Central Television (5 July 1976 – 30 April 1987)
Vietnam Television, or VTV (Vietnamese: Đài Truyền hình Việt Nam), is the national television broadcaster of Vietnam. As the state broadcaster under the direction of the government of Vietnam, VTV is tasked with "propagating the views of the Party, policies, laws of the government".
See also: Vietnam Television (1966–75)
VTV was established with technical assistance and training from Cuba on 7 September 1970, in Hanoi, as a department of Voice of Vietnam. During the Vietnam War it broadcast intermittently from a mountainous region.
After reunification in 1975, the former US-run stations in the south became part of the national network, and broadcasting was extended to the entire country.
Color television was experimented in 1977 and adopted the French SECAM standard and fully implemented in 1986. Vietnam Television became an official name on 30 April 1987. And by 1990, VTV viewers had two national TV channels to choose from as VTV2 was launched and that year switched to PAL.
VTV's regional broadcasting centres are located in Ho Chi Minh City, Huế, Da Nang, Nha Trang (formerly in Phú Yên), and Cần Thơ. Programming is relayed nationwide via a network of provincial and municipal television stations. There are transmitters in most outlying areas of the country. By 2003, more than 80% of all urban households owned a television set. The percentage was considerably less in rural areas, but even the most remote village cafe has a TV and video or DVD player.
In addition, each major city and most of the 51 provinces have their own television stations.
Between 19 March and 30 April 2020, as a safety precaution due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the country, Vietnam Television temporarily suspended the overnight timeslot on most channels, with the exception of VTV1, VTV4 and VTV7, and limited the broadcast time to 19 hours per day. The overnight timeslot returned to these channels as of 00:00, 1 May 2020.
VTV today has the following channels:
Since 2003, all the above channels are also available via satellite, digital terrestrial and digital cable networks across Vietnam. The VTV itself offers 15 pay TV channels through satellite television and digital cable which are called K+ and VTVCab respectively,
Changes to VTV regional channels were made on 1 January 2016. VTV Huế, VTV Đà Nẵng, and VTV Phú Yên ceased programming and became VTV8, a specific channel for Central and Highland Regions of Vietnam. Both the old VTV9 (which was only for Ho Chi Minh City and Southeast Vietnam regions) and VTV Cần Thơ 1 (which was only for Cần Thơ City and Hậu Giang Province) merged to form the new VTV9 for both southeast and southwest of Vietnam, while VTV Cần Thơ 2 was renamed VTV5 Tây Nam Bộ, a bilingual Khmer-Vietnamese channel and the first regional variation of VTV5.
On 17 October 2016, VTV5 Tây Nguyên, a channel for ethnic minorities in Central Highlands of Vietnam and another regional variation of VTV5, was also launched.
|EPG no.||EPG name||Channel name||Channel type||Availability||Notes|
|1||VTV1||VTV1||Free TV||Free-to-air||News and current affairs channel.|
|2||VTV2||VTV2||Free-to-air||Science and education channel.|
VTV5 Southwest and VTV5 Central Highland
VTV5 Tay Nam Bo
VTV5 Tay Nguyen
|Free-to-air||Ethnic language channel.|
|6||VTV6||VTV6||Free-to-air||Youth and sports channel.|
|7||VTV7||VTV7||Free-to-air||National education television channel.|
|8||VTV8||VTV8||Free-to-air||Specialized channel for viewers in the Central and Central Highlands region of Vietnam.|
|9||VTV9||VTV9||Free-to-air||Specialized channel for viewers in the Southern region of Vietnam.|
VTV has its own film production company, the Vietnam Television Film Centre (formerly Vietnam Television Film Company), or VFC, which produces made-for-television movies and miniseries. However, only about 30% of the entertainment programming shown on VTV is made locally. The rest are imported and dubbed in Vietnamese. Shows also include Korean and Chinese serial melodramas, which are the mainstay of nightly programming on VTV1 and VTV3.
Aside from news and current affairs programming, VTV1 devotes itself to orchestral concerts, ballets, traditional theatre, ethnic minority culture shows and films.
On Vietnamese New Year's Eve, VTV broadcasts a block of specialised programmes, including Chiều cuối năm ("Last Afternoon of the Year"), a special edition of the 7pm news bulletin, satirical theatrical comedy Gặp nhau cuối năm ("Year-end meet"), dedicated music shows, and a live broadcast of New Year's Eve celebrations across the country.
As of 2020, VTV has 15 bureaux with stationed staff and correspondents at:
VTV4 has been criticized by South Vietnamese refugees and Vietnamese emigrants. This is because they do not like VTV supporting the Communist state. This controversy was initiated in 2004, when the Australian public broadcaster SBS began to air news bulletin from VTV4 as a part of WorldWatch, a program which transmitting news program from public broadcasters around the world. VTV4's bulletin was quickly removed after the backlash. On the 2019 Lunar New Year edition of the cultural show Vietnamese Beauties (Vẻ đẹp Việt), VTV used the figure of Trần Lệ Xuân, the former South Vietnamese First Lady to illustrate Vietnamese áo dài styles through the times. Two days later, on the variety show called 12 Zodiacs (12 Con Giáp), VTV unintentionally displayed a frame showing a member of P336 band wearing a yellow jacket which resembled the South Vietnamese flag.
On 28 February 2016, VTV admitted that they had used copyrighted content without permission in some of its programs. Thus, VTV's YouTube channel was terminated. The case was exposed after Bui Minh Tuan, 35, reported that VTV had repeatedly used his drone videos. He claimed that between 2015 and 2016 he had sent many complaints to VTV, the Department of Copyright and the Vietnam Ministry of Information and Communications to report around 20 copyright infringements by VTV, to no avail. Tuan decided to report the case to Google.In 2008, VTV lost its rights to broadcast the Miss World competition due to copyright issues. In 2016, it lost the broadcasting rights to the 2015-16 UEFA Champions League season.