|Headquarters||43 Nguyễn Chí Thanh, Giảng Võ, Ba Đình, Hanoi, Vietnam|
|Owner||Government of Vietnam|
|Lê Ngọc Quang |
Đỗ Thanh Hải
(Deputy Managing Director)
|7 September 1970|
|Independent Television System (7 September 1970 – 4 July 1976) |
Central Television (5 July 1976 – 30 April 1987)
Vietnam Television, or VTV (Vietnamese: Đài Truyền hình Việt Nam), is the national television broadcaster of Vietnam. As the state broadcaster under the direction of the government of Vietnam, VTV is tasked with "propagating the views of the Party, policies, laws of the government".
See also: Vietnam Television (1966–75)
VTV was established with technical assistance and training from Cuba on 7 September 1970, in Hanoi, as a department of Voice of Vietnam. During the Vietnam War it broadcast intermittently from a mountainous region.
After reunification in 1975, the former US-run stations in the south became part of the national network, and broadcasting was extended to the entire country.
Color television was experimented in 1977 and adopted the French SECAM standard and fully implemented in 1986. Vietnam Television became an official name on 30 April 1987. And by 1990, VTV viewers had two national TV channels to choose from as VTV2 was launched and that year switched to PAL.
VTV's regional broadcasting centres are located in Ho Chi Minh City, Huế, Da Nang, Nha Trang (formerly in Phú Yên), and Cần Thơ. Programming is relayed nationwide via a network of provincial and municipal television stations. There are transmitters in most outlying areas of the country. By 2003, more than 80% of all urban households owned a television set. The percentage was considerably less in rural areas, but even the most remote village cafe has a TV and video or DVD player.
In addition, each major city and most of the 51 provinces have their own television stations.
Between 19 March and 30 April 2020, as a safety precaution due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Vietnam, Vietnam Television temporarily suspended the overnight timeslot on most channels, with the exception of VTV1, VTV4 and VTV7, and limited the broadcast time to 19 hours per day. The overnight timeslot returned to these channels as of 00:00, 1 May 2020.
VTV today has the following channels:
Since 2003, all the above channels are also available via satellite, digital terrestrial and digital cable networks across Vietnam. The VTV itself offers 15 pay TV channels through satellite television and digital cable which are called K+ and VTVCab, respectively, with channels such as Reuters, ESPN, Disney Channel, Discovery Channel, BBC, HBO plus about 40 original channels.
Changes to VTV regional channels were made on 1 January 2016. VTV Huế, VTV Đà Nẵng, and VTV Phú Yên ceased programming and became VTV8, a specific channel for Central and Highland Regions of Vietnam. Both the old VTV9 (which was only for Ho Chi Minh City and Southeast Vietnam regions) and VTV Cần Thơ 1 (which was only for Cần Thơ City and Hậu Giang Province) merged to form the new VTV9 for both southeast and southwest of Vietnam, while VTV Cần Thơ 2 was renamed VTV5 Tây Nam Bộ, a bilingual Khmer-Vietnamese channel and the first regional variation of VTV5. (Initially, VTV used to intend to broadcast VTV10 based on their local-channels in Can Tho (VTV Cần Thơ 1 and VTV Cần Thơ 2). However, it didn’t happen and they’ve cancelled the suggestion.)
On 17 October 2016, VTV5 Tây Nguyên, a channel for ethnic minorities in Central Highlands of Vietnam and another regional variation of VTV5, was also launched.
|EPG no.||EPG name||Channel name||Channel type||Availability||Notes|
|1||VTV1||VTV1||Free TV||Free-to-air||News and current affairs channel.|
|2||VTV2||VTV2||Free-to-air||Science and education channel.|
|5||VTV5||VTV5||Free-to-air||Ethnic language channel.|
|6||VTV6||VTV6||Free-to-air||Youth and sports channel.|
|7||VTV7||VTV7||Free-to-air||National education television channel.|
|8||VTV8||VTV8||Free-to-air||Specialized channel for viewers in the Central and Central Highlands region of Vietnam.|
|9||VTV9||VTV9||Free-to-air||Specialized channel for viewers in the Southern region of Vietnam.|
VTV has its own film production company, the Vietnam Television Film Centre (formerly Vietnam Television Film Company), or VFC, which makes made-for-television movies and miniseries. However, only about 30% of the entertainment programming shown on VTV is made locally. The rest is imported and dubbed in Vietnamese. Shows include Korean and Chinese serial melodramas, which are the mainstay of nightly programming on VTV3.
Aside from news and current affairs programming, VTV1 devotes itself to orchestral concerts, ballets, traditional theatre, ethnic minority culture shows and films.
Also, on Vietnamese New Year's Eve, VTV broadcasts some programmes and comedy show like Last Afternoon of the Year, News Special, Gặp nhau cuối năm, music concerts, and firework shows, until 01:00 or 02:00.
On millennium celebration, VTV broadcasts some programmes and music concerts, and firework shows on 2000 Today in record time 36 hours (until Friday, 31 December 1999, 12:00 to Saturday, 1 January 2000, 24:00)
Details : List of television programmes broadcasts by Vietnam Television (VTV)
As of 2020, VTV has 15 bureaux with stationed staff and correspondents at:
VTV4 has been criticized by South Vietnamese refugees and Vietnamese emigrees who find the channel's support of the one-party Communist state distressing and offensive, as happened to all loyalist. This controversy had been engaged in 2004, when the Australian public broadcaster SBS began to air news bulettin from VTV4 as a part of WorldWatch, a program which transmitting news program from public broadcasters around the world. VTV4's bulettin was quickly removed after the backlash.
There was incidents in the 2010s that shows incorrect Chinese flag on-screen: 6-stars instead of 5-stars
On the 2019 Lunar New Year edition of the cultural show Vietnamese Beauties (Vẻ đẹp Việt), VTV used the figure of Trần Lệ Xuân, the former South Vietnamese First Lady to illustrating about Vietnamese áo dài styles through the times. Two days later, on the variety show called 12 Zodiacs (12 Con Giáp), VTV callous unintentionally let out a frame that showed a member of P336 band worn a yellow jacket with three-stripe red patterns. This patterns shares similarities to South Vietnamese flag, which is a highly sensitive political issues after 1975. VTV has accused after this incident
According to Thanh Nien News, on 28 February 2016, VTV admitted that they had used a copyrighted content without permission in some of its programs, confirming that the violation has caused VTV's YouTube channel to be terminated. On this day, VTV, was notified by YouTube that the video sharing website had received multiple third-party claims of copyright infringement regarding videos on its official YouTube channel. The channel was terminated the following morning. VTV then told local press that some of its editors used some footage they found online in their news and current affairs programs without asking permission of the copyright holders. The programs were then uploaded on the YouTube channel. The case was exposed after Bui Minh Tuan, 35, reported that VTV had repeatedly used his drone videos, posted on his YouTube channel named Yamaha Trung Ta, without seeking his permission. Tuan, who runs a motorcycle trading company in the central Quang Tri Province, told ICTNews that he had spent a lot of time and money to produce the aerial videos capturing beautiful scenes across the country. He claimed that over 2015-2016 he had sent many complaints to VTV, the Department of Copyright and the Vietnam Ministry of Information and Communications to report around 20 copyright infringements by VTV, but no response was received. Tuan decided to report the case to Google, the owner of YouTube. Since September he has reportedly filed three complaints. He told ICTNews he is not trying to seek damages and that he wants VTV to respect copyright laws. Tuan said VTV needs to make a public apology to him in a news program and hold a press conference on the matter.
This is not the first time VTV met with copyright issues since their roaming into digital lifespan. In 2008, VTV lost its rights of transmitting the Miss World competition due to infringements from illegal internet on-demand media sites. This was repeated in 2016 when VTVCab, VTV's subscription television corporation, lost the broadcasting rights of UEFA Champions League 2015-16 season.