Vietnam Television
Đài Truyền hình Việt Nam
TypeState television network
Country
AvailabilityNationwide
International
Headquarters43 Nguyễn Chí Thanh, Giảng Võ, Ba Đình, Hanoi, Vietnam
OwnerGovernment of Vietnam
Key people
Lê Ngọc Quang
(General Director)

Đỗ Thanh Hải
(Deputy Managing Director)
Launch date
September 7, 1970; 51 years ago (1970-09-07)
Former names
Independent Television System (7 September 1970 – 4 July 1976)
Central Television (5 July 1976 – 30 April 1987)
Official website
vtv.vn

Vietnam Television, or VTV (Vietnamese: Đài Truyền hình Việt Nam), is the national television broadcaster of Vietnam. As the state broadcaster under the direction of the government of Vietnam, VTV is tasked with "propagating the views of the Party, policies, laws of the government".[1]

History

See also: Vietnam Television (1966–75)

VTV was established with technical assistance and training from Cuba on 7 September 1970,[2][3] in Hanoi, as a department of Voice of Vietnam. During the Vietnam War it broadcast intermittently from a mountainous region.

After reunification in 1975, the former US-run stations in the south became part of the national network, and broadcasting was extended to the entire country.

Color television was experimented in 1977 and adopted the French SECAM standard and fully implemented in 1986.[4] Vietnam Television became an official name on 30 April 1987. And by 1990, VTV viewers had two national TV channels to choose from as VTV2 was launched and that year switched to PAL.[5][6]

VTV's regional broadcasting centres are located in Ho Chi Minh City, Huế, Da Nang, Nha Trang (formerly in Phú Yên), and Cần Thơ. Programming is relayed nationwide via a network of provincial and municipal television stations. There are transmitters in most outlying areas of the country. By 2003, more than 80% of all urban households owned a television set. The percentage was considerably less in rural areas, but even the most remote village cafe has a TV and video or DVD player.[citation needed]

In addition, each major city and most of the 51 provinces have their own television stations.[citation needed]

Between 19 March and 30 April 2020, as a safety precaution due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the country, Vietnam Television temporarily suspended the overnight timeslot on most channels, with the exception of VTV1, VTV4 and VTV7, and limited the broadcast time to 19 hours per day. The overnight timeslot returned to these channels as of 00:00, 1 May 2020.

Channels

VTV today has the following channels:[7][8][9][10]

Defunct regional channels (5)

Since 2003, all the above channels are also available via satellite, digital terrestrial and digital cable networks across Vietnam. The VTV itself offers 15 pay TV channels through satellite television and digital cable which are called K+ and VTVCab respectively,

Changes to VTV regional channels were made on 1 January 2016. VTV Huế, VTV Đà Nẵng, and VTV Phú Yên ceased programming and became VTV8, a specific channel for Central and Highland Regions of Vietnam. Both the old VTV9 (which was only for Ho Chi Minh City and Southeast Vietnam regions) and VTV Cần Thơ 1 (which was only for Cần Thơ City and Hậu Giang Province) merged to form the new VTV9 for both southeast and southwest of Vietnam, while VTV Cần Thơ 2 was renamed VTV5 Tây Nam Bộ, a bilingual Khmer-Vietnamese channel and the first regional variation of VTV5.[12]

On 17 October 2016, VTV5 Tây Nguyên, a channel for ethnic minorities in Central Highlands of Vietnam and another regional variation of VTV5, was also launched.

Future channels

List of VTV channels

EPG no. EPG name Channel name Channel type Availability Notes
1 VTV1 VTV1 Free TV Free-to-air News and current affairs channel.
2 VTV2 VTV2 Free-to-air Science and education channel.
3 VTV3 VTV3 Free-to-air Entertainment channel.
4 VTV4 VTV4 Free-to-air International channel.
5 VTV5
VTV5 Southwest and VTV5 Central Highland
VTV5
VTV5 Tay Nam Bo
VTV5 Tay Nguyen
Free-to-air Ethnic language channel.
6 VTV6 VTV6 Free-to-air Youth and sports channel.
7 VTV7 VTV7 Free-to-air National education television channel.
8 VTV8 VTV8 Free-to-air Specialized channel for viewers in the Central and Central Highlands region of Vietnam.
9 VTV9 VTV9 Free-to-air Specialized channel for viewers in the Southern region of Vietnam.

Programming

VTV has its own film production company, the Vietnam Television Film Centre (formerly Vietnam Television Film Company), or VFC, which produces made-for-television movies and miniseries. However, only about 30% of the entertainment programming shown on VTV is made locally. The rest are imported and dubbed in Vietnamese. Shows also include Korean and Chinese serial melodramas, which are the mainstay of nightly programming on VTV1 and VTV3.

Aside from news and current affairs programming, VTV1 devotes itself to orchestral concerts, ballets, traditional theatre, ethnic minority culture shows and films.

On Vietnamese New Year's Eve, VTV broadcasts a block of specialised programmes, including Chiều cuối năm ("Last Afternoon of the Year"), a special edition of the 7pm news bulletin, satirical theatrical comedy Gặp nhau cuối năm ("Year-end meet"), dedicated music shows, and a live broadcast of New Year's Eve celebrations across the country.

VTV worldwide bureaux

As of 2020, VTV has 15 bureaux with stationed staff and correspondents at:

Criticism and controversies

Political

VTV4 has been criticized by South Vietnamese refugees and Vietnamese emigrants. This is because they do not like VTV supporting the Communist state.[14][15] This controversy was initiated in 2004, when the Australian public broadcaster SBS began to air news bulletin from VTV4 as a part of WorldWatch, a program which transmitting news program from public broadcasters around the world. VTV4's bulletin was quickly removed after the backlash. On the 2019 Lunar New Year edition of the cultural show Vietnamese Beauties (Vẻ đẹp Việt), VTV used the figure of Trần Lệ Xuân, the former South Vietnamese First Lady to illustrate Vietnamese áo dài styles through the times. Two days later, on the variety show called 12 Zodiacs (12 Con Giáp), VTV unintentionally displayed a frame showing a member of P336 band wearing a yellow jacket which resembled the South Vietnamese flag.

Copyright infringement

On 28 February 2016, VTV admitted that they had used copyrighted content without permission in some of its programs. Thus, VTV's YouTube channel was terminated. The case was exposed after Bui Minh Tuan, 35, reported that VTV had repeatedly used his drone videos. He claimed that between 2015 and 2016 he had sent many complaints to VTV, the Department of Copyright and the Vietnam Ministry of Information and Communications to report around 20 copyright infringements by VTV, to no avail. Tuan decided to report the case to Google.[16]In 2008, VTV lost its rights to broadcast the Miss World competition due to copyright issues. In 2016, it lost the broadcasting rights to the 2015-16 UEFA Champions League season.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Chức năng, nhiệm vụ và cơ cấu tổ chức của Đài Truyền hình Việt Nam". Đài Truyền hình Việt Nam. 9 January 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  2. ^ "Important milestones". Vietnam Television. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  3. ^ "VTV: Overall". Vietnam Television. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  4. ^ Giới thiệu VTV - Đài Truyền Hình Việt Nam | VTV.VN
  5. ^ VTV Official Site - Overall Archived 3 July 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ VTV Official Site - Milestones Archived 27 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ VTV Official site - Channel list Archived 30 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ vtv6.vtv.vn. "VTV6 - Ban Thanh thiếu niên - Đài Truyền Hình Việt Nam". VTV6. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  9. ^ "VTV sẽ có thêm 3 kênh truyền hình mới". Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  10. ^ "Ra mắt kênh truyền hình VTV9". Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  11. ^ "Lịch phát sóng - Lịch phát sóng truyền hình VTV - VTV.VN". Đài truyền hình Việt Nam. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  12. ^ Initially, VTV intended to broadcast VTV10 based on their local channels in Can Tho (VTV Cần Thơ 1 and VTV Cần Thơ 2). However, it didn’t happen and the suggestion was rejected.
  13. ^ "Phê duyệt Quy hoạch phát thanh, truyền hình đối ngoại đến năm 2020"
  14. ^ "Crunch time for SBS over Vietnamese news bulletin". 2 December 2003. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  15. ^ "Breaking the news at SBS". 20 December 2003. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  16. ^ "National network VTV admits to copyright infringement after YouTube block". 3 March 2016. 3 March 2016. Retrieved 6 March 2016.