Radio Televisyen Malaysia
(Department of Broadcasting, Malaysia)
(Jabatan Penyiaran Malaysia)
(RTM)
TypeCrown corporation
BrandingRadio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM)
Country
First air date
1 April 1946; 76 years ago (1946-04-01)
AvailabilityNationwide
Founded1 April 1946; 76 years ago (1946-04-01)
Radio stations34 radio stations
(6 national and 28 local)
HeadquartersAngkasapuri, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Broadcast area
Malaysia
Asia (Via satellites)
OwnerGovernment of Malaysia
ParentMinistry of Communications and Multimedia Malaysia
Key people
Datuk Ruzain bin Idris (Director-General of RTM)
Launch date
1 April 1946
Former names
Radio Malaya (1946–63)
Radio Malaysia (1963 – November 1969)
Televisyen Malaysia (1963 – November 1969)
TV1, TV2, TV Okey, Berita RTM, Sukan RTM, TV6
Official website
www.rtm.gov.my

Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM), also known as the Department of Broadcasting, Malaysia (Malay: Jabatan Penyiaran Malaysia) is the national public broadcaster of Malaysia. Established on 1 April 1946 as Radio Malaya, it is the first and the oldest broadcaster in the country.[1] When Malaysia was formed on 16 September 1963, Radio Malaya was renamed Radio Malaysia while Televisyen Malaysia was established on 28 December the same year. In 1969, Radio Malaysia and Televisyen Malaysia merged to form the present day broadcast department.[2] Radio Televisyen Malaysia monopolised the free-to-air television until 1984 and radio until 1988, when private television and radio stations such as TV3 and Best FM begin to exist. Currently, it operates 6 television channels and 34 radio stations.

History

Voice of Malaysia logo.
Voice of Malaysia logo.
RTM logo (2004–2021).
RTM logo (2004–2021).

RTM started broadcasting as a radio network on 1 April 1946.[3][4][5] The first two radio stations launched were Radio Malaya (in Malay) and The Blue Network (in English). The transmitters were located first in Singapore and later in Kuala Lumpur (opened in 1950).

With the independence of Malaya on 31 August 1957 Radio Malaya was split into two separate stations; the original studios in Singapore was taken over by a new station called Radio Singapura and Radio Malaya moved to Kuala Lumpur going on air from the new location on 1 January 1959. It would be later renamed Radio Malaysia on 16 September 1963 with the transmissions beginning with its trademark words Inilah Radio Malaysia (This is Radio Malaysia) on the day the Malaysia of today was born. Television services under the name Televisyen Malaysia or Malaysia Television (Malaysia TV) started on 28 December 1963 in time for the national New Year celebrations in Kuala Lumpur and regional telecasts in the Klang Valley in Selangor state, with its first studios being located in Jalan Ampang.[6][7][8] The then 10-month-old Television Singapura (launched on 16 February 1963) became part of Televisyen Malaysia in January 1964 as its state station for Singapore viewers, a role served until 1965, when Singapore became independent. During its time as part of Malaysia, Singapore, like its three other partners–Sabah, Sarawak and Malaya have its own radio network, but was the only state to have its own television network. The state's radio and television broadcast right was included as an annex in the Malaysia Agreement.

Radio and TV operations merged on 11 October 1969 as the new Angkasapuri headquarters was inaugurated. Thus Radio Malaysia and Televisyen Malaysia's identities merged to become Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM). A second TV station also opened in the same year as its rebranding. On 19 April 1971, Radio Malaysia became the first radio station to broadcast 24 hours a day, nationwide, thus becoming Rangkaian Nasional (National Network) in the process. RTM began broadcasting in colour since 1978 in Peninsular Malaysia and 1980 in Sabah and Sarawak.

Between 1972 and 1999, RTM shared time with TV Pendidikan, the national education channel, in the daytime. TV1 introduced daytime transmissions in 1994 thus resulting in TV Pendidikan ceased broadcasting on TV1, while TV2 introduced daytime transmissions in 2000. TV1 broadcast overnight many times since the early 1990s, but permanent 24-hour broadcasting was only introduced in 2006 on TV2, and 2012 on TV1. An international radio station, Voice of Malaysia (Malay: Suara Malaysia) was established on 15 February 1963 to promote the country, but was converted to internet podcast on 31 August 2011 before it ceased operation in December the same year. Three new TV channels were launched during RTM digital television broadcasting era: TV Okey on 21 March 2018, RTM Sports (now Sukan RTM) on 13 June 2018 and Berita RTM on 25 June 2020. TV Pendidikan returned to RTM after 20 years on 6 April 2020 and began to air on TV Okey under the Kelas@Rumah (Class@Home) programme.[9][10] On 1 March 2021, RTM launched a brand new TV channel, TV6, dedicated to re-running TV series, telemovies and entertainment shows from the RTM archives, is currently on-trial. On 1 April 2021, RTM Sports rebranded as Sukan RTM.

Terrestrial stations

Radio stations

RTM offers 34 FM radio channels. 6 of them are national, while the other 28 are local. Each station have different frequencies, depending on the area of coverage.

Nationwide

Station Language Notes Ref
Radio Klasik Malay
Cantonese
Old name Radio 8, Original Malay Melody Radio [11]
Nasional FM Malay Old names are Radio 1, National Network and Radio 2, Music Station; (broadcasts using the frequencies formerly used by Muzik FM) [12]
Asyik FM Malay and Aslian (Semai, Jakun, Temiar and Temuan) Old name Radio 7 [13]
TraXX FM English Old name Radio 4, Blue Network [14]
Ai FM Chinese (Mandarin, Cantonese, Hokkien, Teochew and Hakka) Old name Radio 5, Green Network [15]
Minnal FM Tamil Old name Radio 6, Red Network [16]

Local

RTM's local radio network, formerly known as Radio 3 offers localised services to listeners across their respective states and federal territories. Majority of its stations operate from 6:00 am to as late as midnight daily, with simulcasts of Nasional FM taking place during downtime; others like Sabah V FM, meanwhile, take simulcasts from another national radio network overnight. KL FM, however, operates 24 hours a day.

Station Language Ref
Perlis FM Malay [17]
Kedah FM Malay [18]
Langkawi FM Malay [19]
Mutiara FM Malay [20]
Perak FM Malay [21]
Selangor FM Malay [22]
KL FM Malay [23]
Negeri FM Malay [24]
Melaka FM Malay [25]
Johor FM Malay [26]
Pahang FM Malay [27]
Terengganu FM Malay [28]
Kelantan FM Malay [29]
Sarawak FM Malay [30]
Red FM English and Chinese (Mandarin, Foochow and Hakka) [31]
Wai FM Iban Iban [32]
Wai FM Bidayuh Bidayuh, Kayan and Kenyah [33]
Sibu FM Malay, Chinese (Mandarin) and Iban [34]
Miri FM Malay, Chinese (Mandarin), Iban, Kayan and Kenyah [35]
Sri Aman FM Malay [36]
Bintulu FM Malay [37]
Limbang FM Malay, Bisaya and Lun Bawang [38]
Sabah FM Malay [39]
Sabah V FM English, Kadazan, Chinese (Mandarin and Hakka), Dusun, Bajau and Murut [40]
Keningau FM Malay, Murut and Dusun [41]
Sandakan FM Malay [42]
Tawau FM Malay [43]
Labuan FM Malay [44]

Television Channels

RTM offers six terrestrial TV channels in Malaysia. While Malay and English are main languages used for its programmes, three out of six channels also offer vernacular language programmes for its non-Malay native population (widely known as Bumiputera), as well as Chinese and Indian minorities.

Name Type Language Programming Ref
TV1 Generalist Malay News, culture, entertainment and children [45]
TV2 Malay, English, Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese), Indian (Tamil and Hindi), Indonesian, Korean and Turkish News, culture, entertainment and children [46]
TV Okey Malay, English, Chinese (Mandarin), Indian (Tamil), Indonesian, Bajau, Dusun, Kadazan and Iban News, culture, entertainment, children and education [47]
Berita RTM Thematic Malay, English, Chinese (Mandarin), Indian (Tamil), Bajau, Dusun, Kadazan and Iban News [48]
Sukan RTM Malay and English Sports
TV6 Test Malay Films, entertainment, variety and drama series from the RTM archives

Over-the-top media service

RTM Klik (formerly MyKlik and RTM Mobile) is RTM's Over-the-top media service (OTT). It covers viewers across multiple devices such as computers, tablets, smartphones.[49] The service's website contains all RTM television channels and radio stations, as well as online streaming channel RTM Parlimen which was launched on 1 July 2013.

RTM Parlimen broadcasts the parliamentary session from Monday to Thursday from 10 am to 1 pm in the morning session and from 2.30 pm to 5.30 pm or late in the afternoon/evening session. Apart from RTM Klik, RTM Parlimen can also be watched through the RTM Parlimen page channel. Reruns of parliamentary hearings are usually displayed at night.[50]

Online News Portal

See also

References

  1. ^ Amree Ahmad (7 June 2009). "Kita bakal 'mabuk' TV" (in Malay). Kosmo!. Archived from the original on 8 June 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  2. ^ Ifqdar Rahman (31 March 2016). "Festival 70 tahun RTM". Utusan Malaysia. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  3. ^ "THE FUTURE OF RADIO MALAYA". Sunday Tribune. 12 January 1947. p. 6. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Radio Malaya played it!". Indian Daily Mail. 11 September 1952. p. 4.
  5. ^ "RADIO MALAYA, THE QUESTION OF CONTROL". Sunday Tribune. 5 January 1947. p. 6. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  6. ^ "Talivisen sa-lewat2 akhir tahun 63". Berita Harian. 9 January 1962. p. 5. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  7. ^ "TALIVISHEN ALAT REVOLUSI MASHARAKAT — SENU". Berita Harian. 2 October 1964. p. 3. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  8. ^ "TV di-Malaysia: Banyak kemajuan sejak tahun '63". Berita Harian. 2 January 1969. p. 4. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  9. ^ TV Pendidikan to begin Monday on RTM New Straits Times (4 April 2020). Retrieved on 14 April 2020.
  10. ^ Kirat Kaur (4 April 2020). TV learning channel launched for students who can’t access Internet during MCO The Rakyat Post. Retrieved on 14 April 2020.
  11. ^ Radio Klasik's official page
  12. ^ Nasional FM's official page
  13. ^ Asyik FM's official page
  14. ^ TraXX FM's official page
  15. ^ Ai FM's official page
  16. ^ Minnal FM's official page
  17. ^ Perlis FM's official page
  18. ^ Kedah FM's official page
  19. ^ Langkawi FM's official page
  20. ^ Mutiara FM's official page
  21. ^ Perak FM's official page
  22. ^ Selangor FM's official page
  23. ^ KL FM's official page
  24. ^ Negeri FM's official page
  25. ^ Melaka FM's official page
  26. ^ Johor FM's official page
  27. ^ Pahang FM's official page
  28. ^ Terengganu FM's official page
  29. ^ Kelantan FM's official page
  30. ^ Sarawak FM's official page
  31. ^ Red FM's official page
  32. ^ Wai FM Iban's official page
  33. ^ Wai FM Bidayuh's official page
  34. ^ Sibu FM's official page
  35. ^ Miri FM's official page
  36. ^ Sri Aman FM's official page
  37. ^ Bintulu FM's official page
  38. ^ Limbang FM's official page
  39. ^ Sabah FM's official page
  40. ^ Sabah V FM's official page
  41. ^ Keningau FM's official page
  42. ^ Sandakan FM's official page
  43. ^ Tawau FM's official page
  44. ^ Labuan FM's official page
  45. ^ TV1's official page
  46. ^ TV2's official page
  47. ^ TV Okey's official page
  48. ^ RTM's news portal
  49. ^ RTM Klik's official page
  50. ^ RTM Parlimen's official page
  51. ^ One News official website
  52. ^ "RTM launches Internet news channel 'Portal 1news' ⋆ The Malaysian Times". www.themalaysiantimes.com.my. Archived from the original on 12 November 2018.