|Motto||Bądźmy razem. TVP (Let's be together. TVP)|
|Headquarters||17 Woronicza Street, Warsaw, Poland|
|Owner||Government of Poland|
(Deputy Managing Director)
|25 October 1952|
|None; previously shortened as TP until 1992|
Telewizja Polska S.A. (pronounced [tɛlɛˈvizja ˈpɔlska]; "Polish Television"; TVP), also known in English as the Polish Public Television (PPT) is a Polish state media corporation. It is the largest Polish television network, although viewership has been declining since at least 2010. As of 2020, the broadcaster's revenue is mainly compensations from the state budget for lost revenues from license fees, and to a lesser extent from advertising and sponsorship, radio and TV subscriptions and sales of self-produced TV programmes.
Since 1993, the legal status of the broadcaster has been defined by the Broadcasting Act, according to which Telewizja Polska is obliged to implement "a public mission ... by offering ... various programmes and other services in the field of information, journalism, culture, entertainment, education and sport, characterized by pluralism, impartiality, balance and independence as well as innovation, high quality and integrity of the message." Since 2015, TVP has been widely described as providing one-sided favorable coverage of the ruling Law and Justice party.
In 2012, TVP signed an agreement with the BBC, under which they will work together on film and television productions.[needs update]
The French-German TV liberal arts network ARTE cancelled a 15-year cooperation with TVP, when it learned in February 2009 that TVP's general director, Piotr Farfał, was a member of the League of Polish Families, which opposed Arte’s "philosophy based on intercultural exchange" and "the party that TVP's chairman is presently connected with does not share European values". It was again cancelled in January 2016 after an amendment of the media law in Poland, which caused fears of a lack of pluralism and independence of TVP.
In September 2020, TVP's "Wiadomości" was the most popular news program in Poland, with an average of 2.66 million viewers a day.
In February 2021, TVP's "Wiadomości" was second most popular news program in Poland, with an average of 2.41 million viewers a day.
|1||TVP1 HD||DVB-T MUX-3|
|2||TVP2 HD||DVB-T MUX-3|
|3/84||TVP3||HbbTV / DVB-T MUX-3 / DVB-T2|
|29||TVP ABC||DVB-T MUX-1|
|30/83||TVP Kultura HD||DVB-T MUX-8|
|31||TVP Historia||DVB-T MUX-3|
|32||TVP Sport HD||DVB-T MUX-3|
|34||TVP Info HD||HbbTV / DVB-T MUX-3|
|35/87||TVP Kobieta||DVB-T MUX-8 / DVB-T2|
|92||TVP ABC 2||HbbTV/DVB-T MUX-8|
|93||TVP Historia 2||HbbTV / DVB-T MUX-8|
|94||TVP Kultura 2||HbbTV / DVB-T MUX-8|
|102||TVP Seriale||DVB-T MUX-4|
TVP HD and TVP Seriale are pay television. TVP Polonia, TVP Info and TVP Historia are also available on DVB-T in Lithuania.
In 2015, the government passed a law allowing it to directly appoint the head of TVP. Since then, TVP has displayed bias towards the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) part, compared with propaganda of the former Communist regime. TVP has also faced criticism for its portrayal of LGBT people, the political opposition, Jews, and other groups as a shadowy conspiracy seeking to undermine Poland. In 2018, The Economist stated: "the [TVP] anchors... praise PiS slavishly while branding its critics treacherous crypto-communists.
The press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders wrote in its 2019 assessment of Polish press freedom that "many blamed state-owned TV broadcaster TVP’s 'hate propaganda' for Gdansk mayor Pawel Adamowicz's murder in January 2019." Ahead of the 2019 European parliament elections, TVP ran 105 segments of the election of which 68 of 69 focused on the ruling party were positive and all 33 about the opposition were negative, according to a study by the Society of Journalists. Polish political scientist and anti-racism activist Rafał Pankowski stated, "I am old enough to remember Communist-controlled television in the 1980s, and I can safely say that what we have now is cruder, more primitive, and more aggressive than anything that was broadcast at that time."
TVP was heavily criticized in the run-up to the 2020 Polish presidential election, being described as the "mouthpiece" of the government and as "peddl[ing] government hate speech" by the organization Reporters Without Borders.
During the 2020 presidential campaign, the state television broadcast a segment of Wiadomości called Trzaskowski spełni żydowskie żądania? ("Will Trzaskowski meet Jewish demands?") regarding the Civic Platform candidate Rafał Trzaskowski. A complaint was made by the American Jewish Committee, Union of Jewish Religious Communities, the Chief Rabbi of Poland, to the Polish Media Ethics Councilregarding antisemitism in the program. The Council concluded not only were anti-semitic statements made in the show, it did not uphold journalistic standards: Wiadomości "turned into an instrument of propaganda of one of the candidates in this election".
In 2020, the station was ordered to retract a documentary, Inwazja, released just before the 2019 elections. Comparing the LGBT movement unfavorably to the Swedish Deluge and Communism, the documentary claimed that there is an "LGBT invasion" of Poland and that LGBT organizations have the goal of legalizing pedophilia. It was found to defame the Campaign Against Homophobia organization. Ombudsman Adam Bodnar stated, "The material not only reproduces stereotypes and heightens social hatred towards LGBT people, but also manipulates facts."
According to Timothy Garton Ash, "the broadcaster has descended into the paranoid world of the far right, where spotless, heroic, perpetually misunderstood Poles are being conspired against by dark, international German-Jewish-LGBT-plutocratic forces meeting secretly in Swiss chateaux."
TVP president Jacek Kurski rejected the contention that the organization violated broadcasting law, and conservative media commentator and former TVP employee Jacek Karnowski says the station "deserves recognition" for its "consistent promotion of patriotism and pro-state thinking".
Poland’s legislative elections laid bare the extent to which the ruling Law and Justice party had politically captured the state media, whose taxpayer-funded broadcasts leading up to the voting amounted to partisan propaganda.
Partisan discourse and hate speech are still the rule within state-owned media, which have been transformed into government propaganda mouthpieces. Their new directors tolerate neither opposition nor neutrality from employees and fire those who refuse to comply.
Government control over TVP contributes to public service media being a tool for propaganda and politics...
Over the last few years, Poland’s public television broadcaster TVP and radio broadcasters have been put squarely under PiS control – and even insiders admit they have been transformed into hardline government mouthpieces. This unprecedented move has been condemned by various international organisations, including the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Reporters Without Borders, and the Council of Europe, which called TVP “a propaganda channel for the ruling party”.