|Type||Broadcast radio, television and online|
|Headquarters||Reyers Tower ()|
Auguste Reyers Blvd 52
1044 Schaerbeek, Brussels-Capital Region
|Owner||French Community of Belgium|
The Radio-télévision belge de la Communauté française (RTBF, Belgian Radio-television of the French Community, branded as rtbf.be) is a public service broadcaster delivering radio and television services to the French-speaking Community of Belgium, in Wallonia and Brussels. Its counterpart in the Flemish Community is the Dutch-language VRT (Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie), and in the German-speaking Community it is BRF (Belgischer Rundfunk).
RTBF operates five television channels – La Une, Tipik, La Trois, Arte Belgique and TipikVision together with a number of radio channels, La Première, RTBF Mix, VivaCité, Musiq'3, Classic 21, and Tipik.
The organisation's headquarters in Brussels, which is shared with VRT, is sometimes referred to colloquially as Reyers. This comes from the name of the avenue where RTBF/VRT's main building is located, the Boulevard Auguste Reyers.
See also: VRT_(broadcaster) § History
Originally named the Belgian National Broadcasting Institute (French: INR, Institut national belge de radiodiffusion; Dutch: NIR, Belgisch Nationaal Instituut voor de Radio-omroep), the state-owned broadcasting organisation was established by law on 18 June 1930, and from 1938 was housed in Le Flagey, formerly known as the Maison de la Radio, a purpose-built building in the "paquebot" style of Art Deco architecture.
On 14 June 1940 the INR was forced to cease broadcasting as a result of the German invasion. The German occupying forces, who now oversaw its management, changed the INR's name to Radio Bruxelles. A number of INR personnel were able to relocate to the BBC's studios in London from where they broadcast as Radio Belgique / Radio België under the Office de Radiodiffusion Nationale Belge (RNB) established by the Belgian government in exile's Ministry of Information.
At the end of the war the INR and the RNB coexisted until 14 September 1945, when a Royal Decree merged the two and restored the INR's original mission. The INR was one of 23 broadcasting organisations which founded the European Broadcasting Union in 1950. Television broadcasting from Brussels began in 1953, with two hours of programming each day. In 1960 the INR was subsumed into RTB (Radio-Télévision Belge) and moved to new quarters at the Reyers building in 1967. RTB's first broadcast in colour, Le Jardin Extraordinaire (a gardening and nature programme), was transmitted in 1971. Two years later, RTB began broadcasting news in colour.
In 1977, broadcasting became a concern for Belgium's language communities, rather than the national government as a whole. Accordingly, the French-language section of RTB became RTBF (Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté française) and a second television channel was set up with the name RTbis. In 1979 RTbis became Télé 2. Along with French channels TF1, Antenne 2, FR3 and Swiss channel TSR, RTBF jointly established the European French-speaking channel TV5 in 1984. On 21 March 1988, Télé 2 became Télé 21. On 27 September 1989 a joint-venture company of RTBF and Vivendi was set up with the name Canal Plus TVCF, which subsequently became Canal Plus Belgique in May 1995. In 1993, Télé 21 was replaced by Arte/21 and Sport 21.
In mid-January 2010, RTBF adopted the new branding of RTBF.be in its main logo. The change was made because of the growing importance of new media; the ".be" suffix stresses these new developments.
On 11 June 2013, RTBF was one of the few European public broadcasters to join in condemning the closure of Greece's public broadcaster, ERT.
By 2011, the analogue systems for RTBF.be were planned to be phased out for Wallonia.
Main article: Flemish Secession hoax
On 13 December 2006, at 20:21 CET (19:21 UTC), RTBF replaced an edition of its regular current affairs programme Questions à la Une with a fake special news report in which it was claimed that Flanders had proclaimed independence, effectively dissolving the Belgian state. The programme had been preceded by a caption reading "This may not be fiction", which was repeated intermittently as a subtitle to the images on screen. After the first half-hour of the 90-minute broadcast, however – by which point RTBF.be's response line had been flooded with calls – this was replaced with a caption reading "This is fiction".
The video featured images of news reporters standing in front of the Flemish Parliament, while Flemish separatists waved the flag of Flanders behind them. Off to the side, Francophone and Belgian nationalists were waving Belgian flags. The report also featured footage of King Albert and Queen Paola getting on a military jet to Congo, a former Belgian colony.
RTBF justified the hoax on the grounds that it raised the issue of Flemish nationalism, but others felt that it raised the issue of about how much the public can trust the press.
Television channels are transmitted:
The Video on demand (VOD) offer of the RTBF is available on several platforms:
The RTBF broadcasts radio channels in either analogue format (FM and digital format (using DAB and DVB-T). All channels are also broadcast live over the Internet.
|La Première||news, information, talk and culture||Radio 1|
|VivaCité||general pop music, regional news and sport||Radio 2 and Sporza|
|Classic 21||classic rock and pop||Studio Brussel|
|Tipik||young and alternative pop music||Studio Brussel and MNM|
|Musiq'3||classical and jazz music plus opera||Klara|
|RTBF Mix||DAB station airing in Flanders, with a selection of programs from La Première, VivaCité and Classic 21||None|
They also have a TMC service transmitted on Classic 21.