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Český rozhlas
Entrance to the Český Rozhlas headquarters in Prague
Country
HeadquartersVinohradská 12, Prague, Czech Republic
Ownership
Key people
René Zavoral [cs] (CEO)
History
Launch date1923; 101 years ago (1923)
Links
Websitewww.rozhlas.cz

Český rozhlas (CRo) is the public radio broadcaster of the Czech Republic operating continuously since 1923. It is the oldest radio broadcaster in continental Europe and the second oldest in Europe after the BBC. Český Rozhlas was established in 1992 by the Czech Radio Act, which sets out the framework for its operation and financing. It acts as the successor to the previous state-owned Czechoslovak Radio which ceased to exist by 1992.

The service broadcasts throughout the Czech Republic nationally and locally. Its four national services are Radiožurnál, Dvojka, Vltava and Plus. Czech Radio operates 12 nationwide stations and another 14 regional stations. All ČRo stations broadcast via internet stream, digital via DAB+ and DVB, and part analog via terrestrial transmitters. It is based in Prague in a building in Vinohradská třída.

History

Czechoslovak era

Český rozhlas, then Československý rozhlas was established on 18 May 1923, making its first broadcast from a scout tent in the Kbely district of Prague, under the name Radiojournal.[1] The premises of the station changed numerous times, firstly moving to the district of Hloubětín, before later using locations in the Poštovní nákupny building, the Orbis building and the Národní dům na Vinohradech building, all in Prague.[1]

The first regular announcer of the station, who prepared and presented the news from the daily papers, was Adolf Dobrovolný. He took up the position on 17 January 1924, becoming the station's first professional radio announcer and his position was made permanent on 1 January 1925.[1] He held the position until his death in 1934.

A message broadcast on Czech Radio on 5 May 1945 brought about the start of the Prague uprising.[2] In the same year, regional studios in the cities of Plzeň, České Budějovice, Hradec Králové and Ústí nad Labem were launched.[3]

The station was taken over by Soviet forces, after short fighting with unarmed civilians, in August 1968, in the first day of the Soviet invasion, although broadcasting managed to continue from alternative locations.[2]

Czech era

Logo used between 1996 and 2013

In 1991, the Czech radio group changed its status and became an independent organisation, although as of 2008 was still publicly funded.[3][4]

Czech Radio (ČRo) was established by Act of the Czech National Council (No. 484/1991 Coll.) on Czech Radio. On 1 January 1992, Ceský Rozhlas was established as a public radio with property transferred from Czechoslovak Radio.[5] The headquarters were setup at Vinohradská 12 in Prague, where the old Czechoslovak Radio was based at.[6] Operation of regional stations in the Czech Republic was also transferred. On 1 January 1993, Czech Radio became a member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU).[7] In 1999, Czech Radio launched an experimental digital radio broadcast in Prague.[8]

An envisaged new premises for Czech Radio, a 30-storey building in the district of Pankrác which took 22 years to build at a cost of 1.35 billion Czech koruna, was sold after the construction phrase in 1996 as it was deemed too big for the station's requirements.[9]

In 2002 the Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty station stopped broadcasting in the Czech Republic, with the broadcast rebranded as Czech Radio 6 under the Czech Radio group.[10]

Czech Radio launched a new logo in 2013, featuring the letter R with stripes, at a cost of 2.2 million Czech koruna.[11]

The organisation marked 90 years of existence in 2013, celebrating the occasion with a 48-hour broadcast including 90 interviews interspersed with news reports every half-hour.[2] The event, which took place on Wenceslas Square, set a new national record for the longest uninterrupted radio broadcast.[2]

Radio stations

Digital stations

Logo Station Programming
ČRo Radiožurnál [cs] "Infotainment" station (pop music (Modern AC), news, traffic announcements, sports and other information)
ČRo Dvojka [cs] Talk and family programmes (formerly ČRo 2 Praha)
ČRo Vltava [cs] Culture, art and classical music
ČRo Plus [cs] Spoken word
ČRo Radiožurnál Sport [cs][12] Sports, formerly operated as ČRo Sport from 2014 to 2017[13][14]
ČRo Radio Wave [cs] Youth radio providing a wide range of podcasts and music programs (via cable, digital, and internet only)
ČRo D-dur [cs] Classical music
ČRo Jazz Jazz music
ČRo Pohoda [cs] Catered for the older generation
ČRo Rádio Junior [cs] Children's radio
Radio Prague International External broadcasts, six languages available
iROZHLAS [cs] Internet radio

Regional stations

Regional stations broadcast daily from 5 a.m. to 7 p.m. (ČRo Brno, Plzeň and Ostrava until 7.30 p.m.) with several breaks. In these breaks, in the evening and at night, the programmes of the Central Bohemian ČRo Region are broadcast nationwide.

Logo Station
ČRo Brno
ČRo České Budějovice
ČRo Hradec Králové
ČRo Karlovy Vary
ČRo Liberec
ČRo Olomouc
ČRo Ostrava
ČRo Pardubice
ČRo Plzeň
ČRo Rádio Praha
ČRo Region
ČRo Sever
ČRo Vysočina
ČRo Zlín

Former stations

Broadcast of Radio 6, Leonardo and Radio Cesko all ended in 2013.[15]

Logo Station Programming Closed
ČRo 6 [cs] Analytical-publicist 2013
ČRo Leonardo [cs] Science 2013
ČRo Rádio Česko [cs] News and journalism 2013
ČRo Rádio Retro [cs] Historical 2021

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Josef Maršík. "Průkopníci rozhlasového vysílání 1923–1925" (PDF) (in Czech). Český rozhlas. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d "Czech Radio celebrates 90 years of air time". The Prague Post. 22 May 2013. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  3. ^ a b "History of Czech Radio". Czech Radio. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Controversial radio head removed from post". The Prague Post. 6 February 2008. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  5. ^ Köpplová 2003, p. 103-104.
  6. ^ Ješutová 2003, p. 422.
  7. ^ Ješutová 2003, p. 603.
  8. ^ Köpplová 2003, p. 149.
  9. ^ "It's tall. It's been under construction for 22 years. It's been sold". The Prague Post. 24 January 1996. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  10. ^ "Briefly noted". The Prague Post. 2 October 2002. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  11. ^ "Český rozhlas má nová loga, za propagaci zaplatí 160 milionů" (in Czech). Mladá fronta DNES. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  12. ^ Blanka Bumbálková & Anna Duchková (28 April 2021). "Radiožurnál připravuje start prvního sportovního rádia v Česku. Už v květnu ho naladíte v síti DAB+ a na internetu" (in Czech). Český rozhlas. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  13. ^ "Digitální stream ČRo Sport po necelých dvou a půl letech ukončil vysílání". 17 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Teleko vyřadilo ze svého multiplexu vysílání stanice Český rozhlas Sport".
  15. ^ "Do vysílání DAB rozhlasu přibudou tři stanice, tři však také zmizí" (in Czech). Mladá fronta DNES. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2014.

Bibliography

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