This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Hungarian. (March 2015) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Hungarian article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 539 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Hungarian Wikipedia article at [[:hu:Médiaszolgáltatás-támogató és Vagyonkezelő Alap]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|hu|Médiaszolgáltatás-támogató és Vagyonkezelő Alap)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Médiaszolgáltatás-támogató és Vagyonkezelő Alap
TypeState-owned corporation
IndustryMass media
PredecessorMT, MR, Duna TV, MTI
Founded1 January 2011; 11 years ago (2011-01-01)
Headquarters,
Area served
Hungary
ServicesTelevision, radio, online
OwnerGovernment of Hungary
SubsidiariesDuna Média
Websitemtva.hu

Médiaszolgáltatás-támogató és Vagyonkezelő Alap (MTVA) (English: Media Services and Support Trust Fund) is a Hungarian fund company owned and financed by the Hungarian state, through the State Office of Media and Communications (NMHH). MTVA was established on 1 January 2011, and from July 2015 the company's main task has been to finance and operate Duna Média, Hungary's public-service broadcasting company. It is an active member of the European Broadcasting Union.

History

Further information: Magyar Rádió, Magyar Televízió, Duna (TV channel), and Magyar Távirati Iroda

MTVA headquarters in Budapest (2012)
MTVA headquarters in Budapest (2012)

MTVA brought together four public media companies in Hungary: Magyar Rádió (MR), Magyar Televízió (MT), Duna Televízió (Duna TV) and Magyar Távirati Iroda (MTI). At the same time, MTI was given the exclusive right to produce news content for the public broadcasters.[1][2][3] According to Hungarian politicians, the establishment of MTVA should help clean up the country's "dysfunctional public broadcasting sector". However, the media reform received criticism from foreign politicians and media experts, who believed the reform limited the independence of broadcasters and gave the government greater control over the country's public broadcasters.[4]

The four broadcasters continued as four divisions under MTVA, but on 1 July 2015 were merged into one joint broadcasting company: Duna Media. This nonprofit organization is the legal successor to each of the four formerly separate entities managed by the MTVA.[5] The Duna TV channel become the main generalist channel, replacing the first Magyar Televízió channel M1, the oldest in Hungary, which changed its format/genre and assumed continuous broadcast of news related programming.[6]

Among other things, MTVA is responsible for distributing funds and resources to the various departments in Duna Media. Most people who work for Duna Media are also employed through MTVA. According to the Hungarian National Assembly, MTVA wants to have a relationship with its British counterpart, BBC.[7]

Services

The logos of the radio and TV stations funded by MTVA
The logos of the radio and TV stations funded by MTVA

Its activities include radio, television, news agencies and online services as listed below:

Radio

MR operated 7 radio stations:

Television

News agency

Internet

Hirado.hu logo (2016)
Hirado.hu logo (2016)

Controversies

In 2011, MTVA's news editor Dániel Papp manipulated a news segment about politician Daniel Cohn-Bendit to make it look like he fled the scene without an answer after being questioned on accusations of child abuse. Subsequently uncut footage showed that Cohn-Bendit actually replied to the reporter's questions and denied the accusations. Papp was later promoted.[8] In the same year, Zoltán Lomnici, the former president of the Supreme Court was blurred out from a report about a press conference he was co-hosting. The censoring of Lomnici was suggested to be politically motivated.[9][10]

In 2019 a leaked audio recording made during the run-up to European Parliament elections showed a senior MTVA editor, Balazs Bende informing reporters that the institution does not favor the opposition's list and the reporters should work accordingly. Bende instructed the reporters to produce content using the "appropriate" narrative and methodology, especially on topics like Brussels and migrants.[11][12]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Hungarian public service media companies merge - MTVA". Media Service Support and Asset Management Fund (MTVA). Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015. The merger ensures that the companies do not terminate their operation without having a legal successor.
  2. ^ "Original press release of MTVA on the merger in Hungarian". Archived from the original on 9 December 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  3. ^ Gábor Polyák (2015-01-22). "New Amendment to the Media Act". Mérték Média Monitor. Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 2018-12-04.
  4. ^ "Media Law in Hungary | CMCS". medialaws.ceu.hu.
  5. ^ Polyák, Gábor; Nagy, Krisztina (January 2015). Hungarian Media Law (PDF). Budapest: Mérték Media Monitor Nonprofit Ltd. p. 30. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  6. ^ "MTVA - Médiaszolgáltatás-támogató és Vagyonkezelő Alap portálja - 2015. július 1. – Duna Médiaszolgáltató Zártkörűen Működő Nonprofit Részvénytársaság elnevezéssel egyesül a négy közszolgálati médiaszolgáltató". 2016-10-06. Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. Retrieved 2022-06-23.
  7. ^ Juli, Mészáros (2021-10-04). "BBC-osztályú higgadt elemzés a közmédiában: Karácsony Gergely egy "álmatagságát millió dolláros bölcsészmosollyal kompenzáló óriáslajhár"". 444 (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2022-06-23.
  8. ^ Tóth, Csaba (2014-11-27). "Court finds MTVA head of news programming forged the news". The Budapest Beacon. Retrieved 2022-01-09.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "Hungary: airbrushing row highlights media law failings". Index on Censorship. 2011-12-13. Retrieved 2022-01-09.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Hunger strikers defiant in Hungary media protest". BBC News. 2011-12-29. Retrieved 2022-01-09.
  11. ^ "RFE/RL Probe Finds Journalists At Hungarian State Broadcaster Instructed On News Coverage". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2022-02-12.
  12. ^ Balogh, Eva S. (2020-11-14). "Orbán's propagandists at work at the "public" television station". Hungarian Spectrum. Retrieved 2022-02-12.