History
Country
Broadcast areaBalkans
Benelux
Central Europe & Eastern Europe
France
Iberian Peninsula
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Scandinavia
South Africa
Headquarters
Programming
Language(s)Dutch
English
French
German
Italian
Portuguese
Spanish
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
Timeshift serviceHistory +1 (as Sky History +1 in the UK)
Ownership
OwnerA+E Networks UK (A&E Networks/Sky Group)
Sister channelsList of Sky UK channels
History
Launched1 November 1995; 28 years ago (1995-11-01)
Former namesThe History Channel (1995–2008)
History (2000–2020, UK & Ireland)
Links
Website
Availability
Terrestrial
Sky (United Kingdom)Channel 123 (Sky History HD)
Channel 223 (Sky History +1)
Channel 825 (Sky History)
DStv (Sub-Saharan Africa)Channel 186 (HD)
Zuku TV (Kenya)Channel 412
AzamTV (Africa)Channel 191

History (known as Sky History in the UK and Ireland) is a European documentary television channel which broadcasts programs related to historical events and persons. There are also reality television, ufology and paranormal programs.

It is a joint venture between A&E Networks UK and Sky Group with localized channels across Europe. TVT Media is responsible for signal distribution in Europe, with local subsidiaries of A&E Networks as distribution representatives on the continent.[1][2]

Programming across the channels is primarily in English and where available subtitled or dubbed into regional languages. The channel is available through a number of satellite, cable, terrestrial and IPTV distributors across Europe, the Middle East and South Africa. In some countries, advertisements and announcements between programs are localized.

On 6 November 2018, in the wake of the Disney-Fox merger, the European Commission required The Walt Disney Company to sell A&E's European channels, including History.[3]

History has separate versions for Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and Portugal:

Sky History (UK and Ireland)

The History Channel UK launched on 1 November 1995 on the Sky Multichannels service, broadcasting on weekdays from 4:00pm-7:00pm, timesharing with Sky Travel, Sky Soap and the Sci-Fi Channel. The channel's schedule consisted of three different shows - Biography (restyled for a British audience), History Alive and Our Century. It operated as a joint-venture between A&E Television Networks and British Sky Broadcasting, and was A&E's first international venture.[4] The channel was also made available on cable providers.

In Late-1997, Sky Sports 2, which broadcast on the transponder during weekends, extended its broadcast hours to include the entire day. Sky Travel also extended hours, leading to the remainder of the networks that broadcast on the transponder, including The History Channel, to move to transponder 24.[5] On 1 November 1997, the channel was removed from Telewest's analogue cable service.[6]

The launch of Sky Digital in October 1998 allowed the channel to significantly increase its broadcast hours.

In May 2002, Telewest and The History Channel (UK) Limited failed to reach an agreement to broadcast the network, with Telewest announcing that they would remove the channel from their Active Digital cable service at the end of the month.[7] On 1 June, the two companies successfully renegotiated and The History Channel was restored.[8]

On 26 October 2006, History Channel HD launched in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The channel broadcasts content in 1080p HD, and operates on a separate schedule from the SD feed.

In November 2008 the History Channel was re-branded as History,[9]

The company behind the channel was known as The History Channel (UK) Limited until July 2009, when it was renamed AETN UK (a short form of "A&E Television Networks").[10]

In 2010, History HD became a simulcast service.

On 22 September 2011, AETN UK was re-branded A&E Networks UK.[11]

The channel launched on BT on 15 August 2013, and on TalkTalk on 28 August 2014.

Logo used since 2020 in the United Kingdom

On 27 May 2020, History, History +1 and History 2 were renamed Sky History, Sky History +1, and Sky History 2 respectively, alongside the launch of Sky Documentaries and Sky Nature.[12] The networks will retain strong ties with AETN, and the network's logos will retain the network's insignia, being co-marketed with Sky.[13][14] The network also took a new channel position formerly held by E!.[15]

Other International Territories

The HD version was launching across Europe from October 2007,[16] beginning in the Nordic region on 13 December 2007, offering a schedule separate from the standard-definition version.[17] In January 2008, History Channel HD launched in the Netherlands.[18]

Like with the UK channel, the International networks were rebranded in November 2008.[19] and the high-definition channel became History HD.

History Channel Iberia (Spain and Portugal)

Large yellow H and the word "Historia"
História logo used in Spain and Portugal

Since 1998,[20] History has been distributed under the name Canal Historia—and, more recently, Historia—in Spain and Portugal by AMC Networks International Southern Europe in a joint venture with A&E Networks (owner of History), called The History Channel Iberia.[21] The channel has Spanish and Portuguese feeds with dubbed English programs and locally produced programming. On 14 June 2021 AMC Networks acquires full ownership of its Spanish channels, including Canal Historia.[22]

Canal Historia is available in Spain on Movistar+, cable networks (Telecable, R, Euskaltel), IPTV providers (Vodafone, Orange TV) and streaming media (TotalChannel).[23] Historia HD became available in Spain on 3 November 2015.[24] In Portugal, História is available through cable providers (NOS, Cabovisão) and IPTV (MEO, Vodafone).[25]

Spanish locally produced programming

Portuguese local-history programming

History Scandinavia

The History Channel began in Scandinavia in September 1997, broadcasting for three hours daily on the analogue Viasat platform. Initially time-sharing with TV1000 Cinema, it was later moved to the Swedish TV8 channel until November 2004 (when Viasat launched Viasat History).

History Germany

In German-speaking countries, History is operated by History Channel Germany, which was a joint venture of A&E Networks and NBC Universal Global Networks Germany. The channel began as the History Channel on 15 November 2004, and changed its name to History on 11 January 2009.[26] Since 1 June 2017 the channel is fully owned by A&E Networks Germany.[27]

History is available on the Kabel Deutschland, Kabel BW-Unitymedia, Primacom and KabelKiosk cable networks in all German states, and is also available on cable in Austria and Switzerland. Although the channel was available on satellite on Arena, it was not available on Premiere until the latter was renamed Sky on 4 July 2009. At that time, History HD (a high-definition version of the channel) was introduced. The channel hosts the annual History Award, which has been given since 2005.[citation needed]

History Netherlands and Flanders

History Channel launched in the Netherlands and Flanders on 1 May 2007.[28][29]

RTL Nederland (now Ad Alliance) became responsible for advertising sales on 1 January 2016.[30] On 15 January 2021 Belgian provider Telenet moved the channel from their premium packages to the basic subscription. One day later, their subsidiary SBS Belgium announced they would handle Belgian advertising sales for the channel starting 1 February 2021.[31]

References

  1. ^ "History Channel UK Appoints Chello Zone As Distribution Representative". 4rfv.co.uk. 6 February 2008.
  2. ^ "Global Content Services Powerhouse". TVT Media.
  3. ^ Roxborough, Scott (6 November 2018). "Disney's Fox Deal Gets European Union Clearance Subject to Divestments". The Hollywood Reporter.
  4. ^ "A & E Television Networks History". International Directory of Company Histories. Vol. 32. St. James Press. 2000. Retrieved 4 December 2013 – via Funding Universe.com.
  5. ^ "Report from the Sat-UK mailing list: Report #98".
  6. ^ https://variety.com/1997/tv/news/telewest-rewrites-history-1116675469/
  7. ^ https://www.digitalspy.com/tech/cable/a7532/font-colorcc0000updatedfont-telewest-to-drop-history-channel/
  8. ^ https://www.digitalspy.com/tech/cable/a7538/history-channel-strikes-deal-with-telewest/
  9. ^ Wilkes, Neil (19 November 2008). "History Channel rebranded 'History'". Digital Spy.
  10. ^ "The History Channel UK Changes Name to AETN UK". AETN International. 2 July 2009. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011.
  11. ^ "AETN UK rebrands as A+E Networks UK". Broadband TV News. 22 September 2011.
  12. ^ "Launch of Sky Documentaries, Sky Nature and Sky HISTORY". Sky Group Newsroom. 16 April 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  13. ^ "A+E's History channel to be rebranded Sky History". Digital TV Europe. 20 February 2020.
  14. ^ "Sky History". Sky Group. 20 February 2020.
  15. ^ "Sky_Factual_Channels_Press_Pack_08.1.pdf" (PDF). Sky Group Newsroom. Sky. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  16. ^ Jarco Kriek (17 October 2007). "A&E Television Network breidt uit in Europa". Totaal TV.
  17. ^ "THE HISTORY CHANNEL HD TO LAUNCH IN SCANDINAVIA" (Press release). AETN International. 8 October 2007. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012.
  18. ^ Robert Briel (14 November 2007). "History Channel HD to launch in Holland". Broadband TV News.
  19. ^ Jan-Hein Visser (19 December 2008). "History Channel heet nu History". Totaal TV.
  20. ^ "El canal que ha hecho Historia en España". ELMUNDO (in Spanish). 17 December 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2023.
  21. ^ "The History Channel Iberia". Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  22. ^ REDAZIONE (14 June 2021). "AMC Networks International adquiere la totalidad de The History Channel Iberia". Panorama audiovisivo (in Italian). Retrieved 31 August 2023.
  23. ^ "Historia: Dónde vernos". Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  24. ^ "Historia: Historia HD". Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  25. ^ "Canal História: Dónde vernos". Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  26. ^ "The History Channel ab Januar in neuem Gewand". Digital Fernsehen. 19 December 2008.
  27. ^ "A+E Buys Out NBCUniversal From Its German Channels". Variety.com. 1 June 2017.
  28. ^ Robert Briel (5 April 2007). "History Channel komt naar de Benelux". Broadband TV News.
  29. ^ Robert Briel (5 April 2007). "UPC digital met vier nieuwe kanalen". Broadband TV News.
  30. ^ Robert Briel (3 December 2015). "RTL Netherlands to handle A+E ad sales". BroadbandTVNews.com.
  31. ^ "SBS breidt zijn zenderportfolio uit met The HISTORY Channel" (in Dutch). SBS Belgium. 19 January 2021.