.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Hungarian. (March 2015) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Hungarian article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 595 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Hungarian Wikipedia article at [[:hu:M1 (televízióadó)]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|hu|M1 (televízióadó))) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
HeadquartersBudapest, Hungary
Language(s)Hungarian (rest of the programmes)
English, German, Russian, Chinese (news only)
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
OwnerDuna Média (MTVA)
Sister channels
Launched1 May 1957; 66 years ago (1957-05-01) (Official)
15 March 2015; 9 years ago (2015-03-15) (as a news channel)
Former namesMTV (1957–1971)
MTV1 (1971–2000)
mtv (2002–2005)
m1 (2000–2002, 2005–2012)

M1 (em egy) is a Hungarian television channel owned and operated by Duna Média. It is also transmitted in high definition. The channel originally launched on 1 May 1957, as a generalist channel, and was the flagship channel of Magyar Televízió.

On 15 March 2015, M1 was relaunched as a 24-hour news channel, with all variety and entertainment programming being transferred to the channel Duna. While the channel's primary launguage is Hungarian, M1 also broadcasts once a day condensed versions of its news in English, German, Russian and Chinese.

A 2019 report by the European Federation of Journalists stated that news coverage of Hungarian public broadcaster is not balanced, opposition politicians' viewpoints are nearly absent from the reports, and there is a lack of transparency over the funding and work of MTVA. The report concluded that the "public service media have been deformed into state media."[1]


The logos used for the channel throughout its history


In addition to the continuous expansion and development of radio broadcasting, by the 1950s there was also the need to localize the TV stations that were spreading in the West. The first test broadcast was broadcast on 15 December 1953 from the Gyáli út postal experiment station. The second trial took place in June 1955 at the Hungarian Post Experimental Institute on Szabadság Hill, next to the former Hargita hostel. And in 1955, the first 60-meter Széchenyi Hill tower was built. It started its actual operation on 23 February 1957, but it officially began its operation with the mediation of the 1st May Labor Day ceremony. The regular television broadcasting only started in 1958 until then, the transmission towers only operated in test mode. However, to cover the entire country, it was necessary to build new transmitters, so the backbone transmitter network was created, and repeater stations were built across the country.

The first color television broadcast took place in 1969. In the 1970s and 1980s, the transmitter network was further expanded. In the beginning, it was broadcast only a few days a week, not at all on Long Monday. The exception was the broadcast of an event that aroused national interest, such as Bertalan Farkas' space travel in 1980. Here, the launch of the spaceship took place on Monday. It has been broadcast every day of the week since 1989.

Enlargement and social media

M1's HD logo from 2008 to 2012

The M2 channel began broadcasting in 1971. In the beginning, it supplemented and repeated the program structure of M1, from the beginning of the 2000s it was a cultural and informative channel, and since 2012 it has been gradually transformed and operates as a children's channel. On 15 March 2015, a new channel was launched in the evening section of the M2 children's channel as part of the Petőfi brand, and with this, the M2 channel was transformed under the name M2 Petőfi.

In 2009, he launched his internet mainly informational channel, called webm3, which was short-lived, the third station, M3, actually broadcasts only from 20 December 2013, but with a different theme from its online predecessor, because here it is mainly the 30-year-old archive content is the main role. The channel ceased operations on 1 May 2019 and is currently broadcast online.

On 18 July 2015, the fourth thematic channel dealing with sports, called M4 Sport, was launched, on which, in addition to the most important sports events, the 16 prominent Hungarian sports also play a major role.

M5 was launched on 1 August 2016 and has been broadcasting informative, educational, and cultural content since 18 September.

Collaborating MTVA and converting

Since 1 January 2011, it has been part of the media programs of the Media Support and Asset Management Fund (MTVA).

From 27 July 2012, the entire MTVA and thus the channel changed its image and logo, along with the Hungarian Broadcasting Office, its partner channels (M2, Duna, Duna World), and the radios belonging to the Media Service Support and Management Fund. In addition, the channel received new channel voices, one by Gerda Pikali and the other by Zoltán Rátóti.

On 15 March 2015, the channel was converted into a news channel, and the channel voices were János Csernák and Márta Herczegh. The previous programs were transferred to Duna after it became the main national channel. From that day on, MTV Híradó, Reggeli, and the weather forecast were also renewed.

On 15 March 2020, the identity of the M1 was renewed again at 05:55 and the on-screen logo was moved from the upper left corner to the lower left corner.


Noon program block

During 1994-1997 there was a noon program block from 12:00 to 15:30 CET. It was first program with clock before it. Entertainment programmes were broadcast without advertisements.

School programmes

During 1971-1989 there were school programmes in daytime. This made the startup come at 8am instead of 6pm. During weekends, summer and winter they started at 6pm with m2.

In 1989, school programming was replaced with morning programmes broadcast between 5:40am and 9:00am. They closed at 11:00-15:30. Later there was the information program at 11:00-12:00 and noon program at 12:00-15:30. So the broadcast were from 5:40 to 23:25 or 2:00.

Notable shows

Former shows


Ever since the end of communism in Hungary, M1's news programming has been repeatedly criticised of having a bias towards the contemporary Hungarian government, with this criticism becoming more prevalent ever since the conservative party Fidesz became the ruling party in the country in 2010, in part due to the company responsible by the channel, MTVA, being directly controlled by the Hungarian Parliament, compromising its independence.[2]

In 2019 a leaked audio recording made during the run-up to European Parliament elections showed a senior MTVA editor, Balazs Bende informing reporters that the institution does not favor the opposition's list and the reporters should work accordingly. Bende instructed the reporters to produce content using the "appropriate" narrative and methodology, especially on topics like Brussels and migrants.[3][4]


  1. ^ "New report: Hungary dismantles media freedom and pluralism". European Federation of Journalists. 2019-12-03. Retrieved 2022-01-09.
  2. ^ "International Press Institute: SEEMO Says State Has Appropriated Hungary's Media Landscape". Austria: International Press Institute. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  3. ^ "RFE/RL Probe Finds Journalists At Hungarian State Broadcaster Instructed On News Coverage". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2022-02-12.
  4. ^ Balogh, Eva S. (2020-11-14). "Orbán's propagandists at work at the "public" television station". Hungarian Spectrum. Retrieved 2022-02-12.