The Cabinet of Malaysia (Malay: Jemaah Menteri Malaysia) is the executive branch of the Government of Malaysia. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Parliament. According to the Article 43 of the Federal Constitution, members of the Cabinet can only be selected from members of either houses of Parliament. Formally, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints all Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.[1] The constitution is amended by repealing the Clause (8) of Article 43, enabling a person who is a member of State Legislative Assembly to continue to be one even when he or she is appointed as a minister or deputy minister in the cabinet. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign his office. In practice, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is obliged to follow the advice of the Prime Minister on the appointment and dismissal of ministers.

Cabinet appointments

Members of the Cabinet must be members of either house of Parliament. Most ministers are appointed from the lower house, the Dewan Rakyat, although a few are appointed from the upper house, the Dewan Negara. The Prime Minister must be a member of the Dewan Rakyat. Although Deputy Ministers and Parliamentary Secretaries may be appointed to each portfolio, they are not included in the Cabinet. The Cabinet meets weekly, every Wednesday.[2] After the position of Parliamentary Secretary was removed and partial live telecasts of Parliament proceedings began in 2008, Cabinet meetings were moved to Fridays whenever Parliament sat, so as to allow Ministers to personally answer questions during Question Time in Parliament.[3]

Cabinet composition

The composition of the Cabinet, and the number of portfolios depends mainly on the wishes of the Prime Minister at the time. However, the post of Finance Minister was considered so important as to be a necessity, and as a result was incorporated by the Minister of Finance (Incorporation) Act 1957 (Act 375).[4] The position of Deputy Prime Minister is one that exists by convention, and as a result a Prime Minister could theoretically form a Cabinet without a Deputy.[5]

Deputy ministers exist for each portfolio, although they are not considered members of the Cabinet. The position of Deputy Minister was created by constitutional amendment in 1960. The office of parliamentary secretary for each ministry exists but none were appointed after the 2008 Malaysian general election. Parliamentary secretaries were provided for by an amendment in 1963. Deputy ministers and parliamentary secretaries are also appointed from members of Parliament, and deputise for the ministers in government ministries and in Parliament respectively. An additional office, that of the Political Secretary, exists. Political Secretaries need not be members of Parliament. Before taking office, all members of the Cabinet, Deputy Ministers, Parliamentary Secretaries, and Political Secretaries take an oath of secrecy concerning the proceedings of the Cabinet.[5]

Functions of cabinet

An outline of the functions of the Cabinet are as follows:[6]

List of cabinets

22 cabinets have taken place in Malaysia since 1957 headed by eight Prime Ministers.

Name of Cabinet Head of Cabinet Period of Office Composition
Rahman I Tunku Abdul Rahman 31 August 1957 – 19 August 1959
  • 13 ministers
Rahman II 22 August 1959 – 24 April 1964
  • 16 ministers
  • 6 assistant ministers
Rahman III 25 April 1964 – 1969
  • 20 ministers
  • 5 assistant ministers
  • 4 parliamentary secretaries
Rahman IV 1969 – 21 December 1970
  • 9 ministers
Razak I Abdul Razak Hussein 22 December 1970 – 24 August 1974
  • 22 ministers
  • 7 deputy ministers
  • 5 parliamentary secretaries
Razak II 25 August 1974 – 14 January 1976
  • 20 ministers
  • 16 deputy ministers
  • 9 parliamentary secretaries
Hussein I Hussein Onn 15 January 1976 – 8 July 1978
  • 22 ministers
  • 20 deputy ministers
  • 8 parliamentary secretaries
Hussein II 9 July 1978 – 15 July 1981
  • 23 ministers
  • 22 deputy ministers
  • 9 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir I Mahathir Mohamad 16 July 1981 – 21 April 1982
  • 24 ministers
  • 22 deputy ministers
  • 10 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir II 22 April 1982 – 2 August 1986
  • 24 ministers
  • 29 deputy ministers
  • 9 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir III 11 August 1986 – 26 October 1990
  • 24 ministers
  • 31 deputy ministers
  • 10 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir IV 22 October 1990 – 3 May 1995
  • 26 ministers
  • 30 deputy ministers
  • 14 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir V 4 May 1995 – 14 December 1999
  • 30 ministers
  • 27 deputy ministers
  • 14 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir VI 15 December 1999 – 2 November 2003
  • 30 ministers
  • 28 deputy ministers
  • 16 parliamentary secretaries
Abdullah I Abdullah Ahmad Badawi 3 November 2003 – 26 March 2004
  • 31 ministers
  • 29 deputy ministers
  • 16 parliamentary secretaries
Abdullah II 27 March 2004 – 18 March 2008
  • 34 ministers
  • 39 deputy ministers
  • 20 parliamentary secretaries
Abdullah III 19 March 2008 – 9 April 2009
  • 32 ministers
  • 38 deputy ministers
Najib I Najib Razak 10 April 2009 – 15 May 2013
  • 33 ministers
  • 40 deputy ministers
Najib II 16 May 2013 – 9 May 2018
  • 38 ministers
  • 34 deputy ministers
Mahathir VII Mahathir Mohamad 10 May 2018 – 24 February 2020
  • 28 ministers
  • 27 deputy ministers
Muhyiddin Muhyiddin Yassin 1 March 2020 – 16 August 2021
  • 32 ministers
  • 38 deputy ministers
Ismail Sabri Ismail Sabri Yaakob 27 August 2021 – present
  • 32 ministers
  • 38 deputy ministers

Current cabinet

Ministers

As of 25 May 2022, the Cabinet comprises:
  BN (14)   PN (12)   GPS (4)   PBS (1)   PBM (1)

Portfolio Office bearer Party Constituency Took office Left office
Prime Minister Dato' Sri Ismail Sabri Yaakob MP BN (UMNO) Bera 21 August 2021 Incumbent
Senior Ministers Dato' Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali MP
(International Trade and Industry)
PN (PPBM) Gombak 30 August 2021
Dato' Seri Hishammuddin Hussein MP
(Defence)
BN (UMNO) Sembrong
Dato' Sri Hj. Fadillah Hj. Yusof MP
(Works)
GPS (PBB) Petra Jaya
Senator Datuk Dr. Mohd. Radzi Md. Jidin
(Education)
PN (PPBM) Senator
Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Dato' Sri Mustapa Mohamed MP
(Economy)
Jeli
Datuk Dr. Hj. Abdul Latiff Hj. Ahmad MP
(Special Functions)
Mersing
Datuk Seri Dr. Hj. Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar MP
(Parliament and Law)
GPS (PBB) Santubong
Senator Datuk Ustaz Hj. Idris Ahmad
(Religious Affairs)
PN (PAS) Senator
Datuk Seri Panglima Dr. Maximus Johnity Ongkili MP
(Sabah and Sarawak Affairs)
PBS Kota Marudu
Minister of Finance Senator Datuk Seri Utama Tengku Zafrul Tengku Abdul Aziz BN (UMNO) Senator
Minister of Defence Dato' Seri Hishammuddin Hussein MP BN (UMNO) Sembrong
Minister of Home Affairs Dato' Seri Hamzah Zainudin MP PN (PPBM) Larut
Minister of International Trade and Industry Dato' Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali MP Gombak
Minister of Education Senator Datuk Dr. Mohd. Radzi Md. Jidin Senator
Minister of Environment and Water Dato' Sri Ustaz Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man MP PN (PAS) Kubang Kerian
Minister of Federal Territories Dato' Seri Dr. Shahidan Kassim MP BN (UMNO) Arau
Minister of Transport Datuk Seri Ir. Dr. Wee Ka Siong MP BN (MCA) Ayer Hitam
Minister of Agriculture and Food Industries Datuk Seri Dr. Ronald Kiandee MP PN (PPBM) Beluran
Minister of Health Khairy Jamaluddin MP BN (UMNO) Rembau
Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture Dato' Sri Hjh. Nancy Shukri MP GPS (PBB) Batang Sadong
Minister of Housing and Local Government Dato' Sri Reezal Merican Naina Merican MP BN (UMNO) Kepala Batas
Minister of Youth and Sports Dato' Seri Ahmad Faizal Azumu MP PN (PPBM) Tambun
Minister of Foreign Affairs Dato'Seri Saifuddin Abdullah MP Indera Mahkota
Minister of Higher Education Datuk Seri Dr. Noraini Ahmad MP BN (UMNO) Parit Sulong
Minister of Human Resources Datuk Seri Saravanan Murugan MP BN (MIC) Tapah
Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Dato' Sri Alexander Nanta Linggi MP GPS (PBB) Kapit
Minister of Entrepreneurship Development and Cooperative Tan Sri Datuk Seri Noh Omar MP BN (UMNO) Tanjong Karang
Minister of Rural Development Dato' Seri Mahdzir Khalid MP Padang Terap
Minister of Works Dato' Sri Hj. Fadillah Hj. Yusof MP GPS (PBB) Petra Jaya
Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Dato' Sri Dr. Adham Baba MP BN (UMNO) Tenggara
Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Datuk Seri Hj. Takiyuddin Hassan MP PN (PAS) Kota Bharu
Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Datuk Hjh. Zuraida Kamaruddin MP PBM Ampang
Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Datuk Seri Rina Mohd. Harun MP PN PN (PPBM) Titiwangsa
Minister of National Unity Datuk Halimah Mohamed Sadique MP BN (UMNO) Kota Tinggi
Minister of Communication and Multimedia Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima TPr. Hj. Annuar Hj. Musa MP Ketereh

Deputy Ministers

As of 27 August 2021, the deputy ministers are:
  PN (19)   BN (15)   GPS (4)

Portfolio Office bearer Party Constituency Took office Left office
Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Dato' Eddin Syazlee Shith MP
(Economy)
PN (PPBM) Kuala Pilah 30 August 2021 Incumbent
Datuk Mastura Mohd. Yazid MP
(Special Functions)
BN (UMNO) Kuala Kangsar
Datuk Wira Hjh. Mas Ermieyati Hj. Samsudin MP
(Parliament and Law)
PN (PPBM) Masjid Tanah
Datuk Ustaz Hj. Ahmad Marzuk Shaary MP
(Religious Affairs)
PN (PAS) Pengkalan Chepa
Dato' Hjh. Hanifah Hajar Taib MP
(Sabah and Sarawak Affairs)
GPS (PBB) Mukah
Deputy Minister of Finance Mohd. Shahar Abdullah MP BN (UMNO) Paya Besar
Yamani Hafez Musa MP PN (PPBM) Sipitang
Deputy Minister of Defence Dato' Sri Ikmal Hisham Abdul Aziz MP Tanah Merah
Deputy Minister of Home Affairs Dato' Sri Dr. Hj. Ismail Hj. Mohamed Said MP BN (UMNO) Kuala Krau
Datuk Jonathan Yasin MP PN (PPBM) Ranau
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry Senator Datuk Lim Ban Hong BN (MCA) Senator
Deputy Minister of Education Senator Dato' Dr. Mah Hang Soon Senator
Datuk Mohamad Alamin MP BN (UMNO) Kimanis
Deputy Minister of Environment and Water Dato' Dr. Mansor Othman MP PN (PPBM) Nibong Tebal
Deputy Minister of Federal Territories Datuk Seri Jalaluddin Alias MP BN (UMNO) Jelebu
Deputy Minister of Transport Dato Henry Sum Agong MP GPS (PBB) Lawas
Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food Industries Datuk Seri Hj. Ahmad Hamzah MP BN (UMNO) Jasin
Dr. Nik Muhammad Zawawi Salleh MP PN (PAS) Pasir Puteh
Deputy Minister of Health Dato' Dr. Hj. Noor Azmi Ghazali MP PN (PPBM) Bagan Serai
Datuk Aaron Ago Dagang MP GPS (PRS) Kanowit
Deputy Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture Dato' Sri Dr. Edmund Santhara Kumar Ramanaidu MP PN (PPBM) Segamat
Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government Dato' Sri Dr. Hj. Ismail Hj. Abd. Muttalib MP BN (UMNO) Maran
Deputy Minister of Youth and Sports Senator Dato' Sri Ti Lian Ker BN (MCA) Senator
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Dato' Hj. Kamarudin Jaffar MP PN (PPBM) Bandar Tun Razak
Deputy Minister of Higher Education Senator Dato' Dr. Ahmad Masrizal Muhammad BN (UMNO) Senator
Deputy Minister of Human Resources Datuk Hj. Awang Hashim MP PN (PAS) Pendang
Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Dato' Hj. Rosol Wahid MP PN (PPBM Hulu Terengganu
Deputy Minister of Entrepreneurship Development and Cooperatives Muslimin Yahaya MP Sungai Besar
Deputy Minister of Rural Development Dato' Sri Abdul Rahman Mohamad MP BN (UMNO) Lipis
Datuk Hj. Hasbi Hj. Habibollah MP GPS (PBB) Limbang
Deputy Minister of Works Datuk Arthur Joseph Kurup MP BN (PBRS) Pensiangan
Deputy Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Datuk Hj. Ahmad Amzad Hashim MP PN (PAS) Kuala Terengganu
Deputy Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Datuk Ali Anak Biju MP PN (PPBM) Saratok
Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Dato' Sri Dr. Wee Jeck Seng MP BN (MCA) Tanjung Piai
Datuk Willie Anak Mongin MP PN (PPBM) Puncak Borneo
Deputy Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Dato' Hjh. Siti Zailah Mohd. Yusoff MP PN (PAS) Rantau Panjang
Deputy Minister of National Unity Senator Wan Ahmad Fayhsal Wan Ahmad Kamal PN (PPBM) Senator
Deputy Minister of Communication and Multimedia Datuk Zahidi Zainul Abidin MP BN (UMNO) Padang Besar

Inactive portfolio

Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry

Ministry of Communications and Multimedia

Ministry of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs

Ministry of Entrepreneur Development and Co-operatives

Ministry of Environment and Water

Ministry of Territories

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Ministry of Finance

Ministry of Home Affairs

Ministry of Human Resources

Ministry of International Trade and Industry

Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources

Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities

Ministry of Rural and Regional Development

Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation

Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture

Ministry of Housing and Local Government

Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development

Ministry of Works

Ministry of Youth and Sports

Ministry of Health

Minister in the Prime Minister's Department

Others

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ Hj. Mohd Jali, Nazaruddin, Redzuan, Ma'arof, Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi & Hj. Mohd Rashid, Ismail (2003). Malaysian Studies: Nationhood and Citizenship, p. 73. Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-2473-91-8.
  2. ^ Funston, John (2001). "Malaysia: Developmental State Challenged". In John Funston (Ed.), Government and Politics in Southeast Asia, pp. 173–175. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
  3. ^ "Cabinet now to meet Fridays for ministers to attend parliament". The Malaysian Insider. 9 April 2008. Archived from the original on 13 April 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008.
  4. ^ Wu, Min Aun & Hickling, R. H. (2003). Hickling's Malaysian Public Law, pp. 84–85. Petaling Jaya: Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-74-2518-0.
  5. ^ a b Wu & Hickling, p. 86.
  6. ^ Jeong Chun Hai @ Ibrahim, & Nor Fadzlina Nawi. (2012). Principles of Public Administration: Malaysian Perspectives. Kuala Lumpur: Pearson Publishers. ISBN 978-967-349-233-6