Coat of arms of Malaysia
Jata Negara Malaysia
ArmigerThe Yang di-Pertuan Agong
CrestA crescent and a fourteen-pointed federal star Or
ShieldTierced per pale, the second three-and-a-half times as wide as the other two: The first (at dexter) of Penang; the second per fess, in chief paly of four Gules, Sable, Argent and Or, in base of Sabah, a Bunga Raya (hibiscus flower), and of Sarawak; the third (at sinister) Argent, a Malacca tree standing on a base proper; and a chief Gules, five krisses in their sheats, per pale Or.
SupportersTwo tigers rampant proper
MottoBersekutu Bertambah Mutu (Rumi)
برسكوتو برتمبه موتو (Jawi)
'Unity is Strength'

The coat of arms of Malaysia (Malay: Jata Negara Malaysia) is a coat of arms comprising a shield or escutcheon, two tigers for supporters, a crescent and fourteen-pointed star for a crest and a motto. As the Malaysian coat of arms descended from that of the Federated Malay States under British colonial rule, it resembles European heraldic designs.


Arms shield.

The coat of arms consists of a shield guarded by two rampant tigers as supporters. The shield is topped by a crest consisting of a yellow crescent with a 14-pointed "federal star", and includes a motto, on a banner, at the bottom.

Crest or helm

The yellow colour of the crest, a crescent and a 14-pointed federal star, symbolises the country's monarchy. The crescent also represents Islam as the official religion while the federal star represents the thirteen states and the Federal Territories of Malaysia.[1]

Originally, the fourteen-pointed star represented the original fourteen states of Malaysia, which included Singapore. It was not changed when Singapore left the Federation in 1965, but it has generally been accepted that the 14th point represents the Federal Territories.


The escutcheon, represented by a shield, is primarily intended to serve as a representation of states unified under the Malaysian federation, and is subdivided into ten divisions.

The upper portion or chief of the shield contains five krises on a red background, representing the five former Unfederated Malay States, Johore, Terengganu, Kelantan, Kedah and Perlis. The remainder of the shield, which in the coat of arms of Malaya was divided in three per pale (longitudinally) between the former Federated Malay States, Penang and Malacca, is now divided into four sections:


The two rampant tigers supporting the shield are traditional Malay symbols. They are retained from the earlier armorial ensign of the Federation of Malaya, and prior to that of the Federated Malay States. They symbolise strength and courage.


The motto of the arms, located below the shield, consists of a banner with the phrase "Unity is Strength" (Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu)[2][3] written in both romanised Malay and Jawi. The original English phrase was replaced by romanised Malay in 1963.


Federated Malay States and Malayan Union

Main article: Federated Malay States § Coat of arms

The origins of the Malaysian coat of arms can be traced to the formation of the Federated Malay States (FMS) under the colonial rule of the United Kingdom. In conjunction with the introduction of the flag of the Federated Malay States in 1895, the FMS coat of arms was adopted and remained in use from 1895 to the formation of the Federation of Malaya in 1948.

The arms, like its modern successors, included a shield, two tigers, and a banner, but depicts an eastern crown on the helm, representing the four sultanates. The shield's design was also significantly simpler; as the FMS consists of only four states, the shield encompassed a quarterly "party per cross" division representing the colours of the flag of the four FMS (in the same way the flag of the FMS represents the states, and the colours in the modern Malaysian arms represent the same states). The motto was also originally written in Jawi as "Dipelihara Allah" (Under God's (Allah's) Protection) flanked by two eight-pointed stars. Dipelihara Allah is today the Selangor state motto.

While the establishment of the Malayan Union in 1946 brought about the merging of the FMS with the five Unfederated Malay States and two of the Straits Settlements (excluding Singapore), the FMS arms remained in use unchanged as the Union's coat of arms for two years before the Union's dissolution.

Federation of Malaya

The Federation of Malaya arms in use between 1952[4] and 1963, based heavily on the FMS arms, would serve as the basis of the current Malaysian arms.

The founding of the Federation of Malaya in 1948 led to a revision of the arms. Among the changes were a more complete representation the 11 states of the federation on the shield (where new partitions containing insignias of the additional states added over and beside the original FMS colours), the replacement of the eastern crown with a yellow crescent and an 11-pointed federal star (symbols representing the 11 states that were derived from the flag of the Federation of Malaya). The original Jawi motto was also replaced with "Unity is Strength" in both English and Jawi Malay.

At the point of adoption, the shield was composed of the following elements:


The arms was amended a second time after the formation of Malaysia, with the admission of Singapore and the Borneo states of North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak in 1963. The increased number of states later resulted in the modification of the Federation of Malaya coat of arms to support the three new member states with the widening of the shield. The tigers were redesigned to assume different positions of limbs (front limbs reaching over and behind the shield, and rear limbs reaching over the motto and the shield), and minor adjustments were also made on the appearance of the banner and the length of the crescent, while the 11-pointed federal star was updated to include 14 points. In tandem with Malay as Malaysia's national language, the English motto was replaced with Malay language.

During this period of revision, the Malacca's colonial A Famosa insignia was replaced by a Malacca tree.[3] Some of the symbols was modified to eliminate the colonial symbols and other non-Islamic symbols. While other symbols was remained. Penang's Prince of Wales's feathers and crenellation were gradually replaced, by first substituting the feathers with a Pinang palm, and later, the crenellation with the Penang Bridge (which was constructed and completed during the 1980s) and the barry wavy of eight Azure and Argent to ten.[3] Following the expulsion of Singapore in 1965, the coat of arms was redesigned again.[3] In 1988, Sarawak's symbol replaced by the current hornbill-based state arms; similarly, Sabah, which was originally represented by only its flag held up by a pair of arms from its pre-1963 state coat of arms (blazoned "tierced of the crest of Sabah"), was revised to fully feature its current state arms in entirely.[3] The Malaysia's version of coat of arms later resulted in a more realistic and aggressive appearance of tigers.

The present coat of arms is featured on the flag of Putrajaya - signifying Putrajaya's importance as the new seat of the Malaysian government


The arms is adopted on several state flags. The Royal Standard of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the flag of the Federal Territories and the flag of Putrajaya all feature the arms charged in the centre largely unmodified.[5]

See also


  1. ^ "Malaysia Coat of Arms". Archived from the original on 27 August 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2009.
  2. ^ "Malaysian Flag and Coat of Arms". The Malaysia Government's Official Portal. Archived from the original on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2008.
  3. ^ a b c d e Macdonald, Ian (28 July 2007). "Coat-of-Arms (Malaysia)". CRW Flags. Retrieved 6 August 2008.
  4. ^ "NewspaperSG". Retrieved 25 January 2024.
  5. ^ State Flags of Malaysia Retrieved 16 October 2021.