The eight regions of Vietnam.

Southern Vietnam (Vietnamese: Nam Bộ) is one of the three geographical regions of Vietnam, the other two being Northern and Central Vietnam. It includes 2 administrative regions, which in turn are divided into 19 First Tier units, of which 17 are provinces and 2 are municipalities. In a sub-context, "Southern Vietnam" may include part of Central Vietnam, the two south central costal provinces Ninh Thuận and Bình Thuận are sometimes seen as part of the Southeast region, the Southern. Known as Nam Bộ today in Vietnamese, it was historically called as Gia Định (1779–1832), Nam Kỳ (1832–1945), Nam Bộ (1945–48), and Nam Phần (1948–75).

The origin of Southern Vietnam (Basse-Cochinchine in French, or Lower Cochinchina) was the Kingdom of Funan (from 1st century CE until 6th century CE) and Khmer Empire (from 8th century CE to 17th century). Southern Vietnam was conquered by the Nguyen force in the 17th and 18th centuries from the Khmer kingdom.[1]

The main ethnicities in Southern Vietnam are Kinh, Khmer and Chinese.[2]


Administrative region First Tier units Area (km²) Population (2019)[3] Population density
Southeast (Đông Nam Bộ, Miền Đông)

Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu
Bình Dương
Bình Phước
Đồng Nai
Ho Chi Minh City
Tây Ninh

23,590.70 19,101,908 683.65
Mekong River Delta (Đồng Bằng Sông Cửu Long)
or Southwest (Tây Nam Bộ, Miền Tây)

An Giang
Bến Tre
Bạc Liêu
Cà Mau
Cần Thơ
Đồng Tháp
Hậu Giang
Kiên Giang
Long An
Sóc Trăng
Tiền Giang
Trà Vinh
Vĩnh Long

40,576.00 21,015,795 434.00

^† Municipality (thành phố trực thuộc trung ương)

See also


  1. ^ Cooke, Nola (1998). "Regionalism and the Nature of Nguyen Rule in Seventeenth-Century Dang Trong (Cochinchina)". Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. 29 (1): 122–161. ISSN 0022-4634.
  2. ^ Ho, Hoang-Anh; Martinsson, Peter; Olsson, Ola (2022-03-01). "The origins of cultural divergence: evidence from Vietnam". Journal of Economic Growth. 27 (1): 45–89. doi:10.1007/s10887-021-09194-x. ISSN 1573-7020.
  3. ^ General Statistics Office (2017): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2015. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi