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Public holidays

Public holidays in Vietnam are days when workers get the day off work. Prior to 2007, Vietnamese workers observed 8 days of public holiday a year, among the lowest in the region. On 28 March 2007 the government added the traditional holiday commemorating the mythical Hùng kings to its list of public holidays,[1] increasing the number of days to 10. As in most other nations, if a holiday falls during the weekend, it is observed on the following Monday.

Public Holidays[2]
Date English Name Local Name Length (days) Remarks
January 1 New Year's Day Tết dương lịch 1 International public holiday
From last day of the last lunar month to 5th day of the first lunar month Vietnamese New Year (Tet) Tết Nguyên Đán 5 Lunar New Year
Largest and most important holiday of the year, occurring around late January to early February
10th day of the 3rd lunar month Hung Kings Commemorations Giỗ tổ Hùng Vương 1 Commemoration of the ruling of ancient Hung Kings (2879 BC–258 BC), according to Vietnam's legend and history
New holiday since 2007, occurring around April (adopted by the government on March 28, 2007[1])
April 30 Day of Southern Liberation and National Reunification Ngày Giải phóng miền Nam, Thống nhất Đất nước 1 Liberation of Saigon and reunification of Vietnam in 1975 after the Vietnam War
May 1 International Workers' Day Ngày Quốc tế lao động 1 Also known as "Labor Day"
International public holiday in many former and current communist and socialist countries
September 2 Independence Day Quốc khánh 2 On 2nd September 1945, President Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam's independence from France's and Japan's occupation, establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

Other holidays and festivals

There are also many other holidays and festivals that are held in Vietnam either nationally or locally. These holidays and festivals do not involve day-off but are widely observed and celebrated across the country.

Gregorian calendar

Other Gregorian-calendar holidays and observances
Date English name Local name Remarks
January 9 Vietnamese Students' Day Ngày Học sinh - Sinh viên Việt Nam Commemorating the death of Trần Văn Ơn in 1950.
Adopted by the National Students' Congress in 1950
Traditional day of Vietnamese Students' Association
Honors students
February 3 Communist Party of Vietnam Foundation Anniversary Ngày thành lập Đảng Commemorating the foundation of the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1930
February 27 Vietnamese Physicians' Day Ngày Thầy thuốc Việt Nam On that day in 1955, Ho Chi Minh delivered his address on the occasion of Medical Staff Conference. Adopted by the Council of Ministers in 1985
Honors physicians, doctors and people working in the medical industry
March 8 International Women's Day Ngày Quốc tế Phụ nữ The day of common struggle of working women all over the world is to show the will to fight of women all over the world to fight for national independence, democracy, peace and social progress; for the welfare of women and children
Also commemorating the uprising of Trưng Sisters (AD 40), the first two national heroines
March 26 Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union Foundation Day Ngày Thành lập Đoàn Thanh niên Cộng sản Hồ Chí Minh Foundation of Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union in 1930, formerly Peasants’ Day (Ngày Nông dân Việt Nam) in South Vietnam
Not fixed,
but always Sunday in March or April
(22 March - 25 April, floating Sunday)
Easter Lễ Phục Sinh Commemorating the resurrection of Jesus Christ
Christian festival
April 21 Vietnam Book Day[3] Ngày Sách Việt Nam Encouraging and develop reading movements in the community; Raising awareness of the people about the great significance and importance of reading to the development of knowledge, skills and development of thinking, educating and training human personality
Adopted by the Government in 2014
Also commemorating the publication of Ho Chi Minh's Đường kách mệnh in 1927
May 7 Dien Bien Phu Victory Day Ngày Chiến thắng Điện Biện Phủ Victory of the People's Armed Forces against France in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu (1954)
May 8 - 14 (floating Sunday) Mother’s Day Ngày của Mẹ
May 9 Victory over Fascism Day Ngày Chiến thắng Phát xít Anniversary of the conclusion of the Second World War in Europe
May 19 President Ho Chi Minh's Birthday Ngày sinh Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh The birth of Ho Chi Minh in 1890
June 1 International Children's Day Ngày Quốc tế Thiếu nhi Formerly the Police Day (Ngày Cảnh sát Quốc gia) in South Vietnam
June 15 - 21 (floating Sunday) Father’s Day Ngày của Cha
June 28 Vietnamese Family Day Ngày Gia đình Việt Nam
July 27 Remembrance Day (Day for Martyrs and Wounded Soldiers or Vietnamese War Invalids and Martyrs’ Day) Ngày Thương binh Liệt sĩ
August 19 August Revolution Commemoration Day Ngày Cách mạng Tháng 8 Commemorating the August Revolution of 1945 and the foundation of the Vietnamese People's Public Security
Honors those serves in the police
October 10 Capital Liberation Day Ngày Giải phóng Thủ đô
October 13 Vietnamese Entrepreneur's Day Ngày Doanh nhân Việt Nam
October 20 Vietnamese Women's Day Ngày Phụ nữ Việt Nam Commemorating the foundation of Vietnamese Women's Association in 1930
Honors women and mothers
November 7 October Revolution Day Ngày Cách mạng Tháng Mười Commemorating of the October Revolution of 1917
November 20 Vietnamese Teacher's Day Ngày Nhà giáo Việt Nam School holiday. Honors those who are teachers
December 22 National Defence Day (People's Army of Viet Nam Foundation Anniversary) Ngày hội quốc phòng toàn dân (ngày thành lập Quân đội nhân dân Việt Nam) Commemorating the foundation of the People's Army of Vietnam in 1944.

In former South Vietnam, the Armed Forces Day was held on June 19
Honoring those who serves in the military

December 25 Christmas Lễ Giáng Sinh (Noel) Commemorating the nativity of Jesus Christ
Christian holiday, former public holiday of Vietnam until 1975

Vietnamese calendar (Âm lịch Việt Nam)

Other Vietnamese-calendar holidays and observances
Date (in Vietnamese calendar) English name Local name Remarks
15 of 1st month Lantern Festival Tết Nguyên Tiêu
Tết Thượng Nguyên
(Rằm tháng giêng)
Full moon of the 1st month of the year. Poets' Day
Buddhist festival
3 of 3rd month Cold Food Festival Tết Hàn thực Commemorating the death of the Jin nobleman Jie Zitui in the 7th century BC under the Zhou dynasty in China
15 of 4th month Buddha's Birthday Lễ Phật Đản
Lễ Vesak
Birthday, enlightment and death of Gautama Buddha (born in 563 BC or 480 BC in Lumbini) - the founder of Buddhism
Formerly held on April 8 (in Chinese calendar) until 1959.
Buddhist festival, former public holiday of Vietnam until 1975
5 of 5th month Dragon Boat Festival Tết Đoan ngọ The day the sun is closest to the Earth - overlapping with the Summer solstice
Also called the festival of eliminating insects and pests to protect the farms
15 of 7th month Ghost Festival Lễ Vu Lan
(Rằm tháng bảy)
Full moon of the 7th month of the year
Commemorating ghosts and spirits of the deceased ancestors
Paying tribute and respect to father and mother
Buddhist festival
12 of 8th month Theater Day Ngày Giỗ tổ Sần khấu
15 of 8th month Mid-Autumn Festival Tết Trung thu
(Rằm tháng tám)
Also called Children's Festival
Full moon of the 8th month of the year
Celebrating a successful harvest
23 of 12th month Kitchen God Festival Lễ cúng Ông Táo về trời Departure of Kitchen God from Earth to Heaven to meet the Jade Emperor, marking the end of the year

References

  1. ^ a b Thông qua phương án xây nhà Quốc hội và nghỉ ngày giỗ Tổ
  2. ^ Article 115 Labour Code, 2012 (Vietnamese)
  3. ^ VNA (February 25, 2014). "April 21 to be Vietnam Book Day". Vietnam Plus. Retrieved May 24, 2014.