Iran uses three official calendar systems, including the Solar Hijri calendar as the main and national calendar, the Gregorian calendar for international events and Christian holidays, and the Lunar Hijri calendar for Islamic holidays.

In 2008, the Iranian government's English-language newspaper Iran Daily wrote that "[the] problem of too many annual public holidays has perpetually been a subject of concern,"[1] pointing out that the government would often declare "unofficial holidays [...] to allow extended weekends" around the national holidays. "[I]f official and unofficial holidays are added to weekends, almost half the year the country is holidaying! The serious issue of so many holidays should not be tolerated [...]"[1]

Iran is one of the countries with the most public holidays in the world,[citation needed] with around 25 holidays. Many holidays' exact dates are determined by the Islamic calendar, and therefore their Gregorian dates vary from year to year.[1][2]

(Some of the) Solar Events
Date Event Local Name Remarks
Farvardin 1–4 Nowruz (March 21–24) نوروز – Nowruz Iranian New Year
Farvardin 12 Islamic Republic Day (April 1) روز جمهوری اسلامی – Ruz e Jomhuri ye Eslāmi
Farvardin 13 Sizdah Bedar (April 2) سیزده بدر Commonly pronounced and spelled Sizdah Bedar
Khordad 14 Death of Khomeini (June 4) رحلت روح‌الله خمینی – Rehlat e Xomeyni
Khordad 15 Revolt of Khordad 15 (June 5) قیام ۱۵ خرداد – Qiām e Pānzdah e Xordād
Bahman 22 Anniversary of Islamic Revolution (February 11) انقلاب اسلامی پنجاه و هفت – Enqelāb e Eslāmi Officially the Islamic Revolution
Esfand 29 Nationalization of the Iranian oil industry (March 20) ملی شدن صنعت نفت – Melli Šodan e Saneat e Naft
Lunar Events
Date Event
Muharram 9 Tasua
Muharram 10 Ashura
Safar 20 Arbaeen
Safar 28 Demise of Prophet Muhammad and Hasan ibn Ali (Mujtaba)
Safar 29 or 30 Martyrdom of Ali al-Rida
Rabi'-ul-Awwal 17 Birth of Muhammad and Ja'far al-Sadiq
Jamaad-ath-Thaanee 3 Martyrdom of Fatima
Rajab 13 Birth of Ali
Rajab 27 Mission of Muhammad
Sha'aban 15 Birth of Mahdi
Ramadhan 21 Martyrdom of Ali
Shawwal 1 Eid ul-Fitr (End of Ramadhan)
Shawwal 25 Martyrdom of Ja'far al-Sadiq
Dh-ul-Hajja 10 Eid ul-Adha (Ghurban)
Dh-ul-Hajja 18 Eid al-Ghadeer

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Always on Holiday!". Iran Daily. 2008-11-11. Archived from the original on 2009-05-15. Retrieved 2017-06-17.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)