Vice President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Phó Chủ tịch nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
Emblem of Vietnam.svg
Courtesy Call of Vice President Vo Thi Anh Xuan of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam 7 1 2022 0-18 screenshot.jpg
Incumbent
Võ Thị Ánh Xuân

since 6 April 2021
StyleMadam Vice President
(informal)
Her Excellency
(diplomatic)
SeatHanoi
NominatorPresident
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderNguyễn Hải Thần
Formation9 November 1946; 75 years ago (1946-11-09)

The Vice President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Phó Chủ tịch nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), known as Deputy Chairman of the Council of State (Phó Chủ tịch Hội đồng Nhà nước) from 1981 to 1992, is the vice head of state of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The vice president is appointed on the recommendation of the president to the National Assembly. The president can also recommend the vice president's dismissal and resignation from office.[1] Upon the president's recommendation, the vice president has to be approved by the National Assembly. The main duty of a vice president is to help the president in discharging his duties – in certain cases, the vice president can be empowered by the president to replace him in the discharge of some of his duties.[2] If the president can't discharge of his duties, the vice president becomes acting president[3] (Tôn Đức Thắng, Nguyễn Hữu Thọ and Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh were acting presidents for a short period). In case of vacancy, the vice president will remain acting president until the National Assembly elects a new president.[3]

While the office of vice president was first mentioned in the 1946 constitution,[4] Tôn Đức Thắng became the first Vice President of Vietnam in 1960. The 1980 constitution renamed the office of vice president to Deputy Chairman of the Council of State. Unlike the 1946, 1959 and the present constitution, the 1980 constitution did not mentioned what kind of authority the office of vice president had — for instance, it was not mentioned if a vice president would take the responsibilities of acting head of state if the head of state was incapacitated.[5] In 1992, the name for the post of deputy chairman of the Council of State was reverted to its original name; vice president.[6] South Vietnam, under its 1967 constitution, also had a vice-president.[7] Since 1992, the office of Vice President of Vietnam has usually been occupied by a woman.

Vice presidents of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1960–1976)

No.
[note 1]
Portrait Name Took office Left office President
1 1
Nguyen hai than.jpg
Nguyễn Hải Thần(1869–1959) 1945 1946 Hồ Chí Minh
(1945–1969)
2 2
Mr. Ton Duc Thang.jpg
Tôn Đức Thắng
(1888–1980)
1960 23 September 1969 Hồ Chí Minh
(1945–1969)
3 3
Nguyenluongbang.jpg
Nguyễn Lương Bằng
(1904–1979)
22 September 1969 2 July 1976 Tôn Đức Thắng
(1969–1976)
4 4
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ.jpg
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
25 April 1976 2 July 1976 Tôn Đức Thắng
(1976–1980)

Vice presidents of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976–present)

Vice presidents (1976–1981)

No.
[note 1]
Name Took office Left office President Portrait
2 1 Nguyễn Lương Bằng
(1904–1979)
2 July 1976 20 July 1979 Tôn Đức Thắng
(1976–1980)
Nguyenluongbang.jpg
3 2 Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
2 July 1976 4 July 1981 Tôn Đức Thắng
(1976–1980)
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ.jpg

Deputy chairmen of the Council of State (1981–1992)

No.
[note 1]
Name Took office Left office Head(s) of state Portrait
3 2 Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
4 July 1981 19 July 1992 Trường Chinh
(1981–1987)
Võ Chí Công
(1987–1992)
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ.jpg
6 3 Chu Huy Mân
(1913–2006)
4 July 1981 December 1986 Trường Chinh
(1981–1987)
7 4 Xuân Thủy
(1912–1985)
4 July 1981 July 1982 Trường Chinh
(1981–1987)
XuanThuy1973.jpg
8 5 Lê Thanh Nghị
(1911–1989)
July 1982 December 1986 Trường Chinh
(1981–1987)
9 6 Huỳnh Tấn Phát
(1913–1989)
1982 1989 Trường Chinh
(1981–1987)
Võ Chí Công
(1987–1992)
10 7 Nguyễn Quyết
(born 1922)
19 April 1987 19 July 1992 Võ Chí Công
(1987–1992)
Nguyễn Quyết (b.1922).jpg
11 8 Đàm Quang Trung
(1921–1995)
19 April 1987 19 July 1992 Võ Chí Công
(1987–1992)
12 9 Lê Quang Đạo
(1921–1999)
19 April 1987 19 July 1992 Võ Chí Công
(1987–1992)
13 10 Major General Nguyễn Thị Định
(1920–1992)
19 April 1987 19 July 1992 Võ Chí Công
(1987–1992)

Vice presidents (1992–present)

No.
[note 1]
Portrait Name Took office Left office President
14 11
Nguyen Thi Binh.jpg
Nguyễn Thị Bình
(born 1927)
8 October 1992 12 August 2002 Lê Đức Anh
(1992–1997)
Trần Đức Lương
(1997–2006)
15 12
Bà Trương Mỹ Hoa.jpg
Trương Mỹ Hoa
(born 1945)
12 August 2002 25 July 2007 Trần Đức Lương
(1997–2006)
Nguyễn Minh Triết
(2006–2011)
16 13
Nguyễn Thị Doan.jpg
Nguyễn Thị Doan
(born 1951)
25 July 2007 8 April 2016 Nguyễn Minh Triết
(2006–2011)
Trương Tấn Sang
(2011–2016)
17 14
Mrs. Dang Thi Ngoc Thinh.jpg
Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
(born 1959)
8 April 2016 6 April 2021
(acting president
21 September – 23 October 2018)
Trần Đại Quang
(2016–2018)
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
(2018–2021)
18 15
Courtesy Call of Vice President Vo Thi Anh Xuan of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam 7 1 2022 0-18 screenshot.jpg
Võ Thị Ánh Xuân
(born 1970)
6 April 2021 incumbent Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
(2021–)

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d These numbers are official. The "—" denotes acting vice head of state. The first column shows how many vice presidents there have been in Vietnamese history, while the second show how many vice presidents there was in that state.

References

  1. ^ "Article 103 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. ((cite book)): Missing or empty |title= (help) Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ "Article 107 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. ((cite book)): Missing or empty |title= (help) Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b "Article 108 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. ((cite book)): Missing or empty |title= (help) Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ "Article 44 of the 1946 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. ((cite book)): Missing or empty |title= (help) Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ "Articles 104–112 of the 1980 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. ((cite book)): Missing or empty |title= (help) Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ "Articles 101–108 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. ((cite book)): Missing or empty |title= (help) Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  7. ^ (PDF) http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Vietnam_South_1967.pdf. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)