State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Nhà nước Cộng hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
|Polity type||Unitary one-party socialist republic|
|Constitution||Constitution of Vietnam (2013)|
|Formation||2 September 1945 (original)|
2 July 1976 (current form)
|Meeting place||National Assembly Building (Dien Hong Hall) at Ba Đình District, Hanoi|
|Presiding officer||Chairperson of the National Assembly|
|Head of State|
|Head of Government|
|Headquarters||Government Office at Ba Đình District, Hanoi|
|Supreme People's Court|
|Seat||Supreme People's Court at Hoàn Kiếm District, Hanoi|
The Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the executive branch and body of the State of Vietnam. The members of the Government are appointed by the President of Vietnam on the advice of the Prime Minister of Vietnam, and approved by the National Assembly. The government is led by the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV), which is headed by the CPV General Secretary.
After the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on 2 September 1945, based on 1945 Constitution the executive branch is called the Government (Chính phủ). The Government is headed by the President. Under the President is the Cabinet which is headed by the Prime Minister.
From 1959 to 1980, based on 1959 Constitution the executive branch is named as the Council of Government (Hội đồng Chính phủ). The Council of Government is headed by the Chairman (equivalent to the Prime Minister).
From 1980 to 1992, based on 1980 Constitution the executive branch is called the Council of Ministers (Hội đồng Bộ trưởng). The Council of Ministers is headed by the Chairman (equivalent to the Prime Minister).
From 1992 to now, based on 1992 Constitution the executive branch is renamed as the Government (Chính phủ). The Government is headed by the Prime Minister.
The Vietnamese Council of Ministers (Hội đồng Bộ trưởng) was entrusted by the 1980 Constitution with managing and implementing the governmental activities of the state. It is described in that document as "the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the highest executive state body of the highest body of state authority." It is accountable to the National Assembly of Vietnam, and, more directly, to the Vietnamese Council of State when the National Assembly is not in session. Its duties include submitting draft laws, decrees, and other bills to the National Assembly and the Council of State; drafting state plans and budgets and implementing them following the National Assembly's approval; managing the development of the national economy; organising national defence activities and assuring the preparedness of the armed forces; and organising and managing the state's foreign relations. Its membership includes a chairman, vice-chairman, cabinet ministers, and the heads of state committees, whose terms of office coincide with that of the National Assembly. The Council of Ministers includes its own standing committee, which serves to co-ordinate and mobilise the council's activities. In 1986 the standing committee was expanded from ten to thirteen members.
Each ministry is headed by a minister, who is assisted by two to twelve deputy ministers. The number and functions of the ministries are not prescribed in the Constitution, but in 1987 there were twenty-three ministries and a number of other specialised commissions and departments. In an apparent response to the call by the Sixth National Party Congress in 1986 for a streamlined bureaucracy, several ministries were merged. The former ministries of agriculture, food, and food industry were joined in a newly created Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry. The ministries of power and mines were merged to form the Ministry of Energy, and a newly created Ministry of Labour, War Invalids, and Social Welfare consolidated the duties of three former ministries. The addition of two new ministerial bodies also resulted from the 6th National Party Congress: a Ministry of Information to replace the Vietnam Radio and Television Commission, and a mission for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries to act as a co-ordinating body for foreign aid.
Since 1992 the executive branch of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is officially named the Government (Chính phủ). The current Government of Vietnam consists of 18 ministries, 4 ministry-level agencies and 8 other government-dependent agencies.
The Government is headed by a Prime Minister (Thủ tướng) and 5 Deputy Prime Ministers (Phó Thủ tướng).
There are 18 Ministries (Bộ), each is headed by a Minister (Bộ trưởng):
4 ministry-level agencies:
8 other government-dependent agencies:
In additions, the Government of Vietnam also established many National Committees (Ủy ban Quốc gia) when needed. The National Committees are not separate political entities or ministries, instead they are composed of Deputy Prime Ministers, Ministers and Deputy Ministers in appropriate fields. The National Committees act as advisor bodies to the Prime Minister on social and economic issues, and coordinate actions between many ministries and agencies. Therefore the National Committees do not have any executive powers. Currently there are 9 National Committees, each is headed by a Chairman (Chủ tịch):
Incumbent Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính, who had replaced Nguyễn Xuân Phúc as prime minister since 5 April 2021, was re-elected on 26 July 2021 following a 484-0 vote by the National Assembly.
After taking the oath of office on the same day, Chính nominated 26 people to serve in his Cabinet, including 4 deputy prime ministers (1 less than the previous term), 18 ministers, and 4 heads of ministerial-level agencies. The lineup was approved by the National Assembly on 28 July 2021. Cabinet members are expected to serve a 5-year renewable term ending before the 2026 election.
|Position||Portrait||Name||Member of Central Executive Committee of the Communist Party||Politburo|
of the Communist Party
|Phạm Minh Chính||Yes||Yes||3rd|
|Permanent Deputy Prime Minister||Phạm Bình Minh||Yes||Yes||7th|
|Deputy Prime Minister
for General Economics
|Lê Minh Khái||Yes||No|
|Deputy Prime Minister
for Science, Education, Culture and Social Affairs
|Vũ Đức Đam||Yes||No|
|Deputy Prime Minister
for Industry Economics
|Lê Văn Thành||Yes||No|
Minister of Defence
|Phan Văn Giang||Yes||Yes||12th|
Minister of Public Security
|Minister of Home Affairs||Phạm Thị Thanh Trà||Yes||No|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Bùi Thanh Sơn||Yes||No|
Minister of Justice
|Lê Thành Long||Yes||No|
|Minister of Planning and Investment||Nguyễn Chí Dũng||Yes||No|
|Minister of Finance||Hồ Đức Phớc||Yes||No|
|Minister of Industry and Trade||Nguyễn Hồng Diên||Yes||No|
|Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development||Lê Minh Hoan||Yes||No|
|Minister of Transport||Nguyễn Văn Thể||Yes||No|
|Minister of Construction||Nguyễn Thanh Nghị||Yes||No|
|Minister of Natural Resources and Environment||Trần Hồng Hà||Yes||No|
|Minister of Information and Communications||Nguyễn Mạnh Hùng||Yes||No|
|Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs||Đào Ngọc Dung||Yes||No|
|Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism||Nguyễn Văn Hùng||Yes||No|
|Minister of Science and Technology||Huỳnh Thành Đạt||Yes||No|
|Minister of Education and Training||Nguyễn Kim Sơn||Yes||No|
Minister of Health
|Nguyễn Thanh Long||Yes||No|
Minister, Chairman of the Government Office
|Trần Văn Sơn||Yes||No|
|Minister, Chairman of the Committee for Ethnic Minority Affairs||Hầu A Lềnh||Yes||No|
|Inspector-General of the Government||Đoàn Hồng Phong||Yes||No|
Governor of the State Bank of Vietnam
|Nguyễn Thị Hồng||Yes||No|
The heads of other government-dependent agencies are appointed by the Prime Minister without approval by the National Assembly. Usually there is no term limit on the leaders of those agencies. The current heads of the government-dependent agencies are: