2018 Asian Games opening ceremony in Jakarta.

Sports in Indonesia are popular from both the participation and spectating aspect. Some popular sports in Indonesia are football, futsal, basketball, volleyball, badminton, and the native Indonesian martial art pencak silat.[1] Badminton is arguably Indonesia's most successful sport. Indonesia has won gold medals in badminton in every Olympic Games since the sport was first introduced to the Olympics in 1992, with the exception of the 2012 Summer Olympics. Indonesia became the first grand winner in Badminton Olympics back then 1992. Indonesia regularly participates in the Thomas Cup, Uber Cup, and Sudirman Cup badminton championships, then became the first nation in history to complete those three titles. Indonesia also regularly participates in regional multi-events sport, such as the Southeast Asian Games, Asian Games, and Olympic Games. Indonesia is one of the major sport powerhouses in the Southeast Asian region, winning the Southeast Asian Games 10 times since 1977.

Sporting events in Indonesia are organised by the Indonesian National Sport Committee (Komite Olahraga Nasional Indonesia or KONI). The organisation, along with the Indonesian government, have set the National Sports Day on 9 September.[1] Indonesia hosts the Pekan Olahraga Nasional multi-sport event every four years. Athletes from all provinces of Indonesia participate in this event, with hosting tally are distributed among Indonesian provinces.

History

Nias' "leaping the stones" ritual.
Pacu jawi, traditional bull race of Tanah Datar, West Sumatra.

In traditional Indonesian culture, there is no actual concept for physical exercise as the counterpart of modern sport. Native Indonesians usually linked the physical activities to tribal practices; mainly for ritual, art, physical fitness and martial purposes. The war dances and ritual combat among Indonesian tribes are the earliest example of ritualised physical exercise in Indonesia. Some of native Indonesian rituals are resembling sport, such as lompat batu (leaping the stone) tradition among Nias male youth as part of coming of age ritual, that resembles hurdling and long jump in athletics. Also Madurese karapan sapi and Minang pacu jawi (bull racing) that are similar to chariot race. Dragon boat, canoe and kayak race are virtually everyday activities among Indonesians that lives on the bank of major rivers or on distant islands.

In the 9th century the images of archery, described as princely court activities among nobility in ancient Java, can be found on bas-reliefs of Javanese candis. Archery is suggested as one of Indonesia's classical sport, and one of its famous rendering came from Prambanan temple as part of Ramayana story and later rendered as one of the icon of the Jakarta's 1962 Asian Games, also as the symbol of Gelora Bung Karno Stadium.

Pencak silat is the example of Indonesian native martial art that turned into competitive combat sport. Several Indonesian dances demonstrated repetitive movements that similar to physical exercise. Indonesian traditional social dances such as poco-poco dance from North Sulawesi and sajojo from Papua are adopted as senam kesegaran jasmani (musical calisthenics) today popular across Indonesia.

The modern concept of sport was introduced during colonial Dutch East Indies period. During these times football and badminton has reached Indonesia and become popular sport among Indonesian people ever since. After Indonesian independence, National Sports Committee of Indonesia was established in 1946 to unite the various satellite sports associations that was created within the regencies, then sports facilities were constructed in Indonesia, such as Ikada Stadium (1951—1962). During Sukarno reign, there is a desire to utilise sport as the means for uniting Indonesian people, establishing national pride as well as promoting sports in Indonesia. As the result the Gelora Bung Karno Stadium surrounded by sporting complex facilities were constructed in 1962 to host the fourth Asian Games held in Jakarta. Today in international stage, Indonesia is successful in badminton and also has been one of the major multi-event sports powerhouse in Southeast Asia.

Popular Sports

Many sports were imported, some were developed from native Indonesian traditional sports and became popular in Indonesia.

Badminton

Taufik Hidayat, 2004 Olympic gold medalist in badminton men's singles.

Badminton is Indonesia's most successful sport, described by the New York Times as "part of the national identity".[2] Indonesia has won gold medal in badminton in every Olympic Games since the sport was first introduced to the Olympics in 1992, except in 2012. In 1992, it came from Alan Budikusuma in men's singles, and Susi Susanti in women's singles. In 1996, Ricky Subagja and Rexy Mainaky got the gold medal in men's doubles. In 2000, Candra Wijaya and Tony Gunawan won the gold medal in men's doubles. In 2004, Taufik Hidayat won a gold medal in men's singles. In 2008, Indonesia won a gold medal through men's doubles, Markis Kido and Hendra Setiawan. In 2016, Indonesia won a gold medal through mixed doubles, Liliyana Natsir and Tontowi Ahmad. In 2020, Indonesia won a gold medal through women’s doubles, Greysia Polii and Apriyani Rahayu.

Indonesian badminton athletes have played in various international badminton tournaments in Indonesia, China, Korea, Denmark, Malaysia, India, Japan, England and many other tournaments, including Summer Olympics ever since the sport was introduced as a demonstration sport in the 1972 Summer Olympics and its official introduction in the 1992 Summer Olympics. Rudy Hartono is an Indonesian legendary badminton player, who has succeeded to win All England titles seven times in a row.[3]

Out of all participating nations, Indonesia won the most titles in the Thomas Cup (World Men’s Team Badminton Championships), winning 14 titles in 29 appearances. In addition to that, Indonesia has won the Uber Cup (World Women’s Team Badminton Championships) 3 times and Sudirman Cup (World Mixed Team Badminton Championships) once. Indonesia also held its own international badminton tournament, the most prestigious is Indonesia Open that has been held annually since 1982 and Indonesia Masters which has been held since 2010.

Football

Main article: Football in Indonesia

Fans at the Gelora Bung Karno Stadium for Asia Cup 2007

Football has become one of the most popular sports in Indonesia since the country's independence, even though it had virtually no presence in the country before then. in Indonesia, this phenomenon is most often ascribed to general worldwide popularity of the sport, which carried over into Indonesia following its rapid urbanization. It is played widely, both professionally and as recreation. Liga Indonesia, the Indonesian domestic league is widely popular. Some of the major teams include: Persib Bandung, Persebaya Surabaya, PSM Makassar, PSMS Medan, Persija Jakarta, PSIS Semarang, Sriwijaya FC, Persipura Jayapura, Bali United and Arema Malang. The national body is the Football Association of Indonesia (PSSI).

The Indonesian football league started around 1930 in the Dutch colonial era. In 1993, PSSI combined the existing Perserikatan, an amateur competition, and Galatama, a semi-professional league, to be a single professional competition for Indonesian football clubs, known as the Indonesian Football League (Liga Indonesia). Starting from 2008–09 season onwards, the competition format changed into a more common system that also being used in most European football leagues by adding a fully professional league by banning local government's funding, the Indonesia Super League (now Liga 1).

On the international stage, Indonesia experienced limited success despite being the first Asian team to qualify for the FIFA World Cup in 1938 as Dutch East Indies. In 1956, the football team played in the Olympics and played a hard-fought draw against USSR. On the continent level, Indonesia won the bronze medal once in football in the 1958 Asian Games. Indonesia's first appearance in Asian Cup was back in 1996. The Indonesian national team has always qualified for the Asian Cup in 2000, 2004 and 2007 AFC Asian Cup, however unable to move through next stage.

Basketball

Basketball is one of the most popular sports especially among Indonesian youth. The Indonesia Basketball League (IBL) or Liga Bola Basket Indonesia is the pre-eminent men's basketball league in Indonesia, competed by 160 clubs across the country. The competition started as Indonesian Basketball League (IBL) in 2003. In 2010, Perbasi appointed DBL Indonesia to handle the competition and changed the league's name to National Basketball League (NBL).[4] The name changed back to IBL after Starting5 took over as the new league operator in 2015.[5]

Today, Indonesia and the Philippines are the major basketball powerhouses in Southeast Asia. The Indonesia men's national basketball team's biggest success has been gold at the 1996 Southeast Asian Basketball Championship and the 2021 SEA Games.

Indonesia hosted the official 2021 Asian Basketball Championship and most notably, the country co-hosted the 2023 Basketball World Cup, together with the Philippines and Japan.[6] Although lately basketball has been proven as the most famous sport. Even their national team were able to be invited to several competitions. Several matches were played in Jakarta at the newly build Indonesia Arena inside the GBK sports complex.

Additionally, a whole basketball league is dedicated to junior and senior students throughout Indonesia. This league is called DBL, which stands for Development Basketball League.

Volleyball

Volleyball in Indonesia has been played since the Dutch colonial era. After being played as an official sport at the 1951 National Sports Week, the Indonesian Volleyball Federation was formed in 1955 and became the parent sport of volleyball in Indonesia. Until now, volleyball has become one of the popular sports played by the Indonesian people, both as study material at school, to fill their free time, and as a means of competition. The volleyball competition in Indonesia has been running, at least since the 1980s, as a professional competition for domestic volleyball athletes. Indonesia men's national volleyball team has also made several achievements in international competitions.

Futsal

Futsal is one of popular sport in Indonesia. Many futsal arenas are opened and can easily be found in every city in Indonesia. Although its existence is relatively young, it has recently become more popular thanks to the efforts of the Indonesia Futsal Federation or Federasi Futsal Indonesia (FFI) which resulted in recent achievements of the Indonesian national futsal team and the competitiveness of the local professional futsal league, both men and women. While the FFI is effectively a member of PSSI, they have relative autonomy in terms of futsal governance in Indonesia.

E-sports

See also: Video games in Indonesia

There is a significant competitive video game scene in Indonesia. The first esports tournament in the country was a Super Mario Bros. competition, held in Surabaya in 1989. Many tournaments have sprung up since then, especially for online games such as StarCraft, Quake III, Age of Empires II, and Counter-Strike. The esports scene in Indonesia received a significant boost when the country hosted the 2018 Asian Games, which included esports as a demonstration event. There are also major tournaments for mobile games such as Vainglory and Mobile Legends held in Jakarta.[7] More recently, Indonesia hosted the third and final Major of the Dota Pro Circuit season, the Bali Major 2023.[citation needed]

Pencak silat

Main article: Pencak Silat

Pencak Silat, an Indonesian martial art.

Silat is an Indonesian native martial art, and pencak silat is an umbrella term for the indigenous martial arts created in Indonesia.[8] The leading organisation of pencak silat in Indonesia is IPSI (Ikatan Pencak silat Indonesia meaning Organization for Indonesian pencak silat). The liaison body for international pencak silat is the International Pencak Silat Association or PERSILAT (Persekutuan Pencak Silat Antara Bangsa). There is many perguruan (schools) and styles of pencak silat in Indonesia.

Pencak silat has become one of sporting event in Pekan Olahraga Nasional and Southeast Asian Games with Indonesia as appear as one of the leading force in this sport. This martial art sport is also popular in Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

Cycling

Indonesia host some international road cycling tours; such as the annual Tour de Indonesia, Tour de Singkarak and Tour de East Java. Inspired by European Tour de France, these tours is one of the esteemed cycling event in Southeast Asian region and has attracted local as well as foreign cycling teams. Tour d'Indonesia usually started in Jakarta, across inland Java all the way eastward to Bali, while Tour de Singkarak is held in West Sumatra touring around Lake Singkarak. In track cycling numbers, Indonesia is also one of the strongest in the region and often won gold medals in Southeast Asia Games. Indonesia have world class velodromes in Rawamangun, Jakarta; and Kutai Kartanegara, East Kalimantan, hailed as one of the best velodrome in Southeast Asia.[9]

For non-athlete common Indonesians, riding bicycle is considered as the mode of transportation as well as a recreational and leisure sport. It is quite popular in Indonesia, especially during Car-Free Days in several cities. During weekends, especially around Saturday and Sunday morning, cyclist flocking Jakarta's main avenue such as Jalan Thamrin and Jalan Sudirman that is closed from cars, municipal authorities invited locals to have their sports and activities on the street. The Bike-to-Work community was established in Indonesia in 2005 to promote cycling as a cheap, healthy, and environment friendly mode of transportation to the workplace.

Extreme cycling, such as Mountain biking and urban Freestyle BMX is also popular among youth in main cities of Indonesia.

Boxing

Boxing is a popular combative sport spectacle in Indonesia. Some famous Indonesian boxers include Ellyas Pical, three times IBF Super flyweight champion; Nico Thomas, Muhammad Rachman, and Chris John.[10]

Sepak takraw

Main articles: Sepak takraw and Sepak raga

Sepak takraw spread from China to the Indonesian archipelago, the game is believed to have evolved from cuju, a game similar to association football that was used as military training.[11] In Indonesia, Sepak Takraw is also known as Sepak Raga in the local language in Indonesia. In Sulawesi, the traditional Bugis football game is called "Raga" (the player is called "Pa'Raga"). Some of the men playing the "Raga" circle in a group, the ball is passed from one to the other and the man who kicks the highest ball is the winner. "Raga" is also played for fun by demonstrating several tricks, such as kicking the ball and placing it on the player's head with the handle of the tengkolok bugis (Bugis headgear similar to a Malay tanjak).[12][13]

After Sepak takraw was developed into modern competitive sport in 1940s with exact rules and scoring systems, Indonesia has become one of major sepak takraw power in the region, competing against Thailand and Malaysian teams.

Surfing

Surfing in Indonesia is a small minority sport, the most popular Indonesian area for surfing are at Pangandaran, Banyuwangi, Lombok, and Bali. The most famous surfer from Indonesia right now is Dede Suryana.[14]

Sports leagues in Indonesia





Competitions

Main article: Pekan Olahraga Nasional

SEA Games 2011 opening ceremony in Palembang, South Sumatra.

The Pekan Olahraga Nasional (National Sports Week) are held every four years. Indonesia also participates in international sporting events such as the Olympic Games (see Indonesia at the Olympics). the Asian Games and the South East Asian Games (SEA Games). 2018 Asian Games was held at Jakarta, Palembang, and some other venues in the provinces of West Java and Banten.

All time medal count

Hosted sporting events[edit]

Year Event Sport Location Date Status
Start End
1961 Thomas Cup Badminton Jakarta Jun 1 Jun 11 International
1962 Asian Games Multi-sport event Jakarta Aug 24 Sep 4 Continental
1963 GANEFO Multi-sport event Jakarta Nov 10 Nov 22 International
1967 Thomas Cup Badminton Jakarta May 31 Jun 10 International
1971 Asian Badminton Championships Badminton Jakarta Aug 13 Aug 21 Continental
1975 Uber Cup Badminton Jakarta Jun 6 International
1979 Thomas Cup Badminton Jakarta Jun 1 Jun 2 International
1980 IBF World Championships Badminton Jakarta May 27 Jun 1 International
1981 World Lifesaving Championships Lifesaving Bali May 1 May 3 International
1986 Thomas & Uber Cup Badminton Jakarta Apr 22 May 4 International
1986 FESPIC Games Multi-sport event Surakarta Aug 31 Sep 7 Continental
1989 Sudirman Cup Badminton Jakarta May 24 May 29 International
1992 IBF World Junior Championships Badminton Jakarta Nov 8 Nov 14 International
1994 Thomas & Uber Cup Badminton Jakarta May 10 May 21 International
1994 ATP Tour World Championships Tennis Jakarta Nov 21 Nov 27 International
1995 World Archery Championships Archery Jakarta Aug 1 Aug 6 International
1997 Badminton World Cup Badminton Jakarta Aug 20 Aug 24 International
2000 World Pencak Silat Championships Pencak silat Jakarta Nov 14 Nov 19 International
2004 Thomas & Uber Cup Badminton Jakarta May 7 May 16 International
2004 ASEAN University Games Multi-sport event Surabaya Dec 5 Dec 12 Regional
2006 BIMP-EAGA Friendship Games Multi-sport event Makassar Nov 24 Nov 26 Regional
2008 Thomas & Uber Cup Badminton Jakarta May 11 May 18 International
2008 Asian Beach Games Multi-sport event Bali Oct 18 Oct 26 Continental
2011 SEA Games Multi-sport event Jakarta
Palembang
Nov 11 Nov 22 Regional
2011 ASEAN Para Games Multi-sport event Surakarta Dec 15 Dec 20 Regional
2012 Asian Aerobic Gymnastics Championships Aerobic Gymnastics Palembang Oct 18 Oct 19 Continental
2013 Islamic Solidarity Games Multi-sport event Palembang Sep 22 Oct 1 International
2013 MNC Cup Association football Jakarta Nov 21 Nov 24 Invitational
2014 IFSC Climbing Asian Championships Sport climbing Lombok Oct 1 Oct 3 Continental
2014 ASEAN University Games Multi-sport event Palembang Dec 11 Dec 21 Regional
2015 BWF World Championships Badminton Jakarta Aug 10 Aug 16 International
2015 World Paragliding Accuracy Championships Paragliding Puncak, Bogor Aug 11 Aug 16 International
2015 World Wushu Championships Wushu Jakarta Nov 14 Nov 18 International
2016 World Pencak Silat Championships Pencak silat Denpasar Dec 3 Dec 8 International
2016 BIMP-EAGA Friendship Games Multi-sport event Samarinda Dec 7 Dec 10 Regional
2017 BWF World Junior Championships Badminton Yogyakarta Oct 9 Oct 22 International
2017 Aceh World Solidarity Tsunami Cup Association football Banda Aceh Dec 2 Dec 6 Invitational
2018 Asian Men's Softball Championship Softball Jakarta Apr 23 Apr 28 Continental
2018 Asian Sailing Championship Sailing Jakarta Jun 24 Jun 30 Continental
2018 AFF Women's Championship Association football Palembang Jun 30 Jul 13 Regional
2018 AFF Futsal Club Championship Futsal Yogyakarta Jul 15 Jul 21 Regional
2018 Badminton Asia Junior Championships Badminton Jakarta Jul 14 Jul 22 Continental
2018 AFC Futsal Club Championship Futsal Yogyakarta Aug 1 Aug 12 Continental
2018 Asian Games Multi-sport event Jakarta
Palembang
Aug 18 Sep 2 Continental
2018 Asian Para Games Multi-sport event Jakarta Oct 6 Oct 13 Continental
2018 AFF Futsal Championship Futsal Yogyakarta Nov 5 Nov 11 Regional
2018 AFF Beach Soccer Championship Beach soccer Bali Nov 18 Nov 24 Regional
2019 ASEAN School Games Multi-sport event Semarang Jul 17 Jul 25 Regional
2019 IFSC Climbing Asian Championships Sport climbing Bogor Nov 6 Nov 10 Continental
2021 BWF World Tour Finals Badminton Bali Dec 1 Dec 5 International
2022 Men's AHF Cup Field hockey Jakarta Mar 11 Mar 20 Continental
2022 MotoGP World Championship Motorcycle racing Central Lombok Mar 20 International
2022 Men's Hockey Asia Cup Field hockey Jakarta May 23 Jun 1 Continental
2022 ASEAN Para Games Multi-sport event Surakarta Jul 30 Aug 6 Regional
2022 UCI Mountain Bike World Cup Cycling Palangka Raya Aug 28 International
2022 World Junior Wushu Championships Wushu Jakarta Dec 5 Dec 11 International
2022 Asian Open Figure Skating Trophy Figure skating Jakarta Dec 7 Dec 11 Continental
2023 ISSF World Cup Shooting Jakarta Jan 27 Feb 7 International
2023 IFSC Climbing World Cup Sport climbing Jakarta May 6 May 7 International
2023 Asian Women's Volleyball Challenge Cup Volleyball Gresik Jun 18 Jun 25 Continental
2023 Badminton Asia Junior Championships Badminton Yogyakarta Jul 7 Jul 16 Continental
2023 Asia Road Racing Championship Motorcycle racing Central Lombok Aug 11 Aug 13 International
2023 FIBA Basketball World Cup Basketball Jakarta Aug 25 Sep 10 International
2023 MotoGP World Championship Motorcycle racing Central Lombok Oct 15 International
2023 Asian Sport Climbing Olympic Qualifier Sport climbing Jakarta Nov 9 Nov 12 Continental
2023 UCI MTB Eliminator World Championships Cycling Palangka Raya Nov 12 International
2023 FIFA U-17 World Cup Association football Jakarta
Bandung
Surabaya
Surakarta
Nov 10 Dec 2 International
2024 Badminton Asia Junior Championships Badminton Bali Continental

Indonesia Seven Summits Expedition[edit]

On 8 July 2011 08:35am local time four Indonesian students have reached the peak of the Mount McKinley. So, the mission to scale all of the Seven Summits in Indonesia Seven Summits Expedition have been accomplished. All of the four students are the first Indonesians getting the title of the Seven Summiteers.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sports and Recreation". Archived from the original on 5 February 2006.
  2. ^ Hill, James (7 August 2020). "When You Say Badminton, You Say Indonesia". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  3. ^ "A- FIRSTS". 2 December 2008. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008.
  4. ^ "IBL Becomes NBL" (in Indonesian). NBL Indonesia. 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  5. ^ Prasatya, Randy. "Sejarah Evolusi IBL". detiksport (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 January 2024.
  6. ^ Nancy Gillen (20 December 2020). "Indonesia announced as host of FIBA Asia Cup in 2021". Inside the Games. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  7. ^ "Indonesia's eSports scene heats up with Vainglory tournament in Jakarta". Digital News Asia. 25 August 2017. Archived from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  8. ^ Donn F. Draeger (1992). Weapons and fighting arts of Indonesia. Rutland, Vt. : Charles E. Tuttle Co. ISBN 978-0-8048-1716-5.
  9. ^ "Viva Borneo.com, Velodrome Terbaik Se-Asia Tenggara". vivaborneo.com.
  10. ^ Widazulfia, Fahmiranti (3 May 2015). "7 Boxing World Champions from Indonesia" (in Indonesian). Good News from Indonesia. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  11. ^ "History of Football - The Origins". FIFA. Archived from the original on 28 October 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  12. ^ "History of Sepak takraw - The Origins". Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  13. ^ "Sepak Takraw yang Diperebutkan Indonesia, Malaysia, dan Thailand". Tirto.id. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  14. ^ "TOP 5 INDONESIA SURFER ASIAN SURFING CHAMPION (ASC)". Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  15. ^ Dipa, Arya. "Indonesian climbers accomplish mission over Seven Summits". thejakartapost.com. The Jakarta Post.

External links[edit]