Ancient Georgian iconic art depicting wrestling.
Ancient Georgian iconic art depicting wrestling.

Sport in Georgia has a long history.

The most popular sports in Georgia are football, basketball, rugby union, wrestling, judo and weightlifting. In 19th-century Georgia polo and the traditional Georgian game lelo were popular, later replaced by rugby union.

Football

Main article: Football in Georgia

Football is one of the most popular sports in Georgia.[1][2] It is governed by the Georgian Football Federation (GFF). The GFF organizes the men's, women's, and futsal national teams. Modern football was introduced by English sailors playing in Poti at the beginning of the 20th century.[2]

Rugby union

Main article: Rugby union in Georgia

Ireland playing Georgia at the 2007 Rugby World Cup.

Rugby union is one of the most popular team sports in the country. They have qualified in every single Rugby World Cup since 2003, being their best result winning two games at pool stage in the Rugby World Cup 2015.[3] Their national team is considered to be Tier 2 with high performance.[4]

Wrestling

Wrestling remains a historically important sport. Some historians claim that the Greco-Roman style of wrestling incorporates many Georgian elements.[5] Within Georgia, one of the most popularized styles of wrestling is the Kakhetian style. However, other styles are not as widely used today. For example, the Khevsureti region of Georgia has three different styles of wrestling.

Basketball

Georgia has produced world-class basketball players including Tornike Shengelia, Vladimir Stepania, Nikoloz Tskitishvili and most notably Zaza Pachulia. Georgians strongly support their national team. Mikheil Saakashvili, former president of the country, travelled to Lithuania to support his team at the 2011 EuroBasket with 1,500 fans from Georgia.

Georgia will co-host EuroBasket 2021 in Tbilisi alongside Czech Republic, Germany and Italy.

Tornike Shengelia is playing in Euroleague, they had wins against Serbia, Lithuania and Greece.

As of March 2021, Georgia's men ranked 36th in the world.[6]

Weightlifting

Weightlifting is a sport athletes compete in lifting a barbel with weight plates from the ground to overhead, with each athlete vying to succesessfully lift the heaviest weights. (information is copied from this link weightlifting )

Motorsport

The only race circuit in the Caucasian region is located in Georgia. Rustavi International Motorpark was originally built in 1978 and re-opened in 2012 after reconstruction[7] costing $20 million. The track satisfies FIA Grade 2 requirements and currently hosts the Legends car racing series and Formula Alfa competitions.[8]

Lelo burti

Main article: Lelo burti

Lelo, or lelo burti (Georgian: ლელო ბურთი), literally a "field ball [playing]", is a Georgian folk sport. It is a full contact ball game, similar to rugby.[9] Within Georgian rugby union terminology, the word lelo is used to mean a try, and the popularity of rugby union in Georgia has been attributed to it.

In 2014, lelo burti, along with khridoli, a traditional martial art, was inscribed by the government of Georgia as a "nonmaterial monument" of culture.[10]

It appeared in the 12th century Georgian epic poem "The Knight in the Panther's Skin" in which the characters play lelo burti.[11]

Winter sports

Luge

Nodar Kumaritashvili (Georgian: ნოდარ ქუმარიტაშვილი; 25 November 1988 – 12 February 2010) suffered a fatal crash during a training run prior to the 2010 Winter Olympics competition in Vancouver, Canada. He was the fourth athlete to die during Winter Olympics preparations in history, and the first in 18 years. The opening ceremonies of the Games, led by IOC President Jacques Rogge, which took place later on the fateful day, were dedicated to the 21-year-old.

See also

References

  1. ^ Georgia’s 10 Most Popular Sports
  2. ^ a b "When Saturday Comes – Stable mates". Wsc.co.uk. 9 July 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  3. ^ rugbybworldcup.com. "Rugby World Cup 2015 - Rugby World Cup 2019 | rugbyworldcup.com". www.rugbyworldcup.com. Retrieved 7 July 2022.
  4. ^ worldrugby.org. "World Rugby". www.world.rugby. Retrieved 7 July 2022.
  5. ^ Williams, Douglas. Georgia in my Heart, 1999.
  6. ^ "FIBA World Ranking Presented by NIKE, men". FIBA.basketball. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  7. ^ "Rustavi 2 Broadcasting Company". 29 April 2012. Archived from the original on 1 May 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  8. ^ "Georgian National Broadcaster". 30 April 2012.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Wright, Angus (15 July 2020). "Imagine if Rugby had no rules – welcome to the brutal Georgian game of Lelo Burti". Where I Live. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  10. ^ Keh, Andrew (7 May 2019). "A Wine-Soaked Ball Unites a Georgian Village, but Only After Dividing It". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  11. ^ ""Lelo Burti"- Deadly Sport – IRAKLI DZNELADZE" (in Russian). Retrieved 2 July 2021.