Saint Nino (left) and Saint George (right) depicted on a fresco at the Metekhi Church. Nino is the most common feminine name in Georgia, as she converted the Georgians to Christianity in the early 4th century. Giorgi (i. e. George) is the most common masculine name in Georgia and is considered to be the patron saint of the country.

A Georgian name (Georgian: ქართული გვარ-სახელი, romanized: kartuli gvar-sakheli) consists of a given name and a surname used by ethnic Georgians.[1]

Given names

According to the Public Service Hall the most common Georgian names are:[2]

Males: Giorgi, Davit, Zurab, Levan, Aleksandre, Irakli, Mikheil, Tamaz, Nikoloz and Avtandil.

Females: Nino, Tamar, Mariam, Maia, Nana, Ketevan, Natela, Manana, Natia and Ana.

Surnames

Further information: List of Georgian surnames

Georgian surnames are derived either from patronymics or, less frequently, from toponyms, with addition of various suffixes.

Georgian suffixes vary by region. The most common Georgian suffixes are:

The first recorded Georgian surnames date to the 7th–8th century. They were mostly toponymic in nature (such as Surameli, Machabeli etc.), patronymic, or derived from the profession, social status, position, or title, which was hereditary in the family (such as Amilakhvari, Amirejibi, Eristavi etc.). Beginning from the 13th century, the surnames became more frequently based upon patronymics, a tradition which became almost universal in the 17th–18th century. Some of the Georgian surnames indicate ethnicity or regional origin of the family, and are also generated as patronymics. Examples are Kartvelishvili ("child of Kartveli", i.e., Georgian), Megrelishvili ("child of Megreli", i.e., Mingrelian), Cherkezishvili ("child of Cherkezi", i.e., Circassian), Abkhazishvili ("child of Abkhazi", i.e., Abkhazian), Somkhishvili ("child of Somekhi", i.e., Armenian), Berdzenishvili ("child of Berdzeni", i.e., Greek), Prangishvili ("child of Prangi", i.e., French).

There are some very rare Georgian surnames like Jolbordi, Galogre, Lapachi, Molodini, Shermadini, Sivsive, Megvinetukhutsesi etc.

According to the Public Service Hall the most common Georgian surnames are:[4] Beridze, Kapanadze, Gelashvili, Maisuradze, Giorgadze, Lomidze, Tsiklauri, Bolkvadze, Kvaratskhelia and Nozadze.

References

  1. ^ (in Georgian) ქართული გვარები
  2. ^ Georgian names Public Service Hall
  3. ^ a b Hewitt, B. G. (1995). Georgian: A Structural Reference Grammar. John Benjamins Publishing. pp. 29, 39. ISBN 90-272-3802-2.
  4. ^ a b c d Bondyrev, Igor V.; Davitashvili, Zurab V.; Singh, Vijay P. (2015). The Geography of Georgia: Problems and Perspectives. Springer. p. 53. ISBN 978-3-319-05413-1.