Map of Russia and its borders with other nations
Typical border marker of Russia

Russia, the largest country in the world, has international land borders with fourteen sovereign states[1] as well as 2 narrow maritime boundaries with the United States and Japan. There are also two breakaway states bordering Russia, namely Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The country has an internationally recognized land border running 22,407 kilometres (13,923 mi) in total,[1] and has the second-longest land border of any country in the world, after China. The borders of the Russian Federation (formerly the Russian SFSR) were mostly drawn since 1956 (save for minor border changes, e.g., with China), and have remained the same after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. In 2014, Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimean peninsula in a move that remains internationally unrecognized.

As a transcontinental country in Eurasia, Russia shares borders in both Europe and Asia. Out of the 18 total land borders and maritime boundaries, 12 are in Europe and 5 are in Asia, while 1 border lies in the Bering Strait; between North America and Asia.


Russia shares borders with more countries than any other state in the world, owing to its large expanse.

Internationally recognized

Country Land Sea More information
 Azerbaijan 327.6 km (203.6 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Azerbaijan–Russia border
 Belarus 1,239.0 km (769.9 mi) none Belarus–Russia border
 China 4,209.3 km (2,615.5 mi) none China–Russia border
 Estonia 324.8 km (201.8 mi) 142.0 km (88.2 mi) Estonia–Russia border (border treaty not ratified)
 Finland 1,271.8 km (790.3 mi) 54.0 km (33.6 mi) Finland–Russia border
 Georgia 894 km (556 mi) none Georgia–Russia border
 Japan (Russian and international claim) none 194.3 km (120.7 mi)
 Japan (Japanese claim) none ?
 Kazakhstan 7,512.8 km (4,668.2 mi) 85.8 km (53.3 mi) Kazakhstan–Russia border
 Latvia 270.5 km (168.1 mi) none Latvia–Russia border
 Lithuania 266.0 km (165.3 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Lithuania–Russia border
 Mongolia 3,485.0 km (2,165.5 mi) none Mongolia–Russia border
 North Korea 17.3 km (10.7 mi) 22.1 km (13.7 mi) North Korea–Russia border
 Norway 195.8 km (121.7 mi) 23.3 km (14.5 mi) Norway–Russia border
 Poland 204.1 km (126.8 mi) 32.2 km (20.0 mi) Poland–Russia border
 Ukraine 1,974.04 km (1,226.61 mi) 321 km (199 mi) Russia–Ukraine border
 United States none 49.0 km (30.4 mi) USSR–USA Maritime Boundary Agreement

Partially recognized

Country Land Sea Notes More information
 Abkhazia 255.4 km (158.7 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) The political status of Abkhazia is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Georgia in 1992, Abkhazia is formally recognised as an independent state by 5 UN member states (two other states previously recognised it but then withdrew their recognition), while the remainder of the international community recognizes it as as de jure Georgian territory. Georgia continues to claim the area as its own territory, designating it as Russian-occupied territory. Abkhazia–Russia border
 South Ossetia 70 km (43 mi) none South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. South Ossetia–Russia border

Border details

Below is a list of subjects with both neighbouring regions of Russia with them, and in the neighbouring regions of foreign countries.

Northwestern Federal District

Republic of Karelia

Komi Republic

Arkhangelsk Oblast

Vologda Oblast

Kaliningrad Oblast

Leningrad Oblast

Murmansk Oblast

Novgorod Oblast

Pskov Oblast

Saint Petersburg

Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Volga Federal District


Mari El





Perm Krai

Kirov Oblast

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

Orenburg Oblast

Penza Oblast

Samara Oblast

Saratov Oblast

Ulyanovsk Oblast

Southern Federal District



Krasnodar Krai

Astrakhan Oblast

Volgograd Oblast

Rostov Oblast

North Caucasian Federal District





North Ossetia–Alania


Stavropol Krai

Ural Federal District

Kurgan Oblast

Sverdlovsk Oblast

Tyumen Oblast

Chelyabinsk Oblast

Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug

Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Siberian Federal District

Altai Republic




Altai Krai

Zabaykalsky Krai

Krasnoyarsk Krai

Irkutsk Oblast

Kemerovo Oblast

Novosibirsk Oblast

Omsk Oblast

Tomsk Oblast

Far Eastern Federal District

Sakha Republic

Kamchatka Krai

Primorsky Krai

Amur Oblast

Magadan Oblast

Sakhalin Oblast

Jewish Autonomous Oblast

Chukotka Autonomous Okrug


The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities since the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia.[2][3]

In 2022, Russia declared the annexation of Ukraine's Donetsk, Kherson, Luhansk and Zaporizhzhia regions, which remains internationally unrecognized.[4]

Republic of Crimea


See also



  1. ^ a b "Russia", The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 12 October 2022, retrieved 14 October 2022
  2. ^ Gutterman, Steve (18 March 2014). "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Archived from the original on 18 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Timeline". BBC News. 13 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Russia's Federation Council ratifies annexation of four Ukrainian regions". Reuters. 4 October 2022.