In the Russian Federation, a city of federal importance[1][2] (Russian: город федерального значения, tr. gorod federalnogo znacheniya), also known as a federal city, is a city that has a status of both an inhabited locality and a constituent federal subject. There are three federal cities: Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Sevastopol. Two of them are the largest cities in the country: Moscow is the national capital and Saint Petersburg is a previous Russian capital and important port city in the Baltic Sea.[3] Sevastopol is the newest federal city, located in the disputed region of Crimea, which is internationally recognised as part of Ukraine.

Map of federal cities of Russia (2014).svg
Map # Code ISO 3166-2 code Name Flag Coat of arms Federal district Economic region Area (km2)[4] Population (2017 est.)[5]
1 77 RU-MOW Moscow
Flag of Moscow, Russia.svg
Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg
Central Central 2,561.5 12,506,468
2 78 RU-SPE Saint Petersburg
Flag of Saint Petersburg Russia.svg
Coat of Arms of Saint Petersburg (2003).svg
Northwestern Northwestern 1,439 5,351,935
3 92 None (Russia)
UA-40 (Ukraine)
Sevastopol[a]
Flag of Sevastopol.svg
COA of Sevastopol.svg
Southern North Caucasus 864[6] 436,670[6]

Notes

  1. ^ The territory of Crimea, including the city of Sevastopol, is currently disputed. Since February 2014, Crimea has been under de facto Russian control, however Ukraine and most countries recognise Crimea as a part of Ukraine.

References

  1. ^ "Chapter 3. The Federal Structure - The Constitution of the Russian Federation". www.constitution.ru.
  2. ^ "Конституция Российской Федерации".
  3. ^ Gritsai, Olga; van der Wusten, Herman (2000). "Moscow and St. Petersburg, a sequence of capitals, a tale of two cities". GeoJournal. 51 (1/2): 33–45. doi:10.1023/A:1010849220006. JSTOR 41147495. S2CID 154264277.
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2008.
  5. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (January 1, 2014). "Оценка численности населения на 1 января 2014 года и в среднем за 2013 год (Estimated population of Russia on 1 January 2014 and the average for 2013)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  6. ^ a b "A General data of the region". Sevastopol City State Administration. Archived from the original on February 11, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2014.