In the Russian Federation, a city of federal importance[1][2] (Russian: город федерального значения, tr. gorod federalnogo znacheniya), also known as a federal city, is a city that has a status of both an inhabited locality and a constituent federal subject. There are three federal cities: Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Sevastopol. Two of them are the largest cities in the country: Moscow is the national capital and Saint Petersburg is a previous Russian capital and important port city in the Baltic Sea.[3] Sevastopol is the newest federal city, located in the disputed region of Crimea, which is internationally recognised as part of Ukraine.

Map of federal cities of Russia (2014).svg
Map # Code ISO 3166-2 code Name Flag Coat of arms Federal district Economic region Area (km2)[4] Population (2017 est.)[5]
1 77 RU-MOW Moscow
Flag of Moscow, Russia.svg
Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg
Central Central 2,561.5 12,506,468
2 78 RU-SPE Saint Petersburg
Flag of Saint Petersburg.svg
Coat of Arms of Saint Petersburg (2003).svg
Northwestern Northwestern 1,439 5,351,935
3 92 None (Russia)
UA-40 (Ukraine)
Sevastopol[a]
Flag of Sevastopol.svg
COA of Sevastopol.svg
Southern North Caucasus 864[6] 436,670[6]

Notes

  1. ^ The territory of Crimea, including the city of Sevastopol, is currently disputed. Since February 2014, Crimea has been under de facto Russian control; however, Ukraine and most countries recognise Crimea as a part of Ukraine.

References

  1. ^ "Chapter 3. The Federal Structure - The Constitution of the Russian Federation". www.constitution.ru.
  2. ^ "Конституция Российской Федерации".
  3. ^ Gritsai, Olga; van der Wusten, Herman (2000). "Moscow and St. Petersburg, a sequence of capitals, a tale of two cities". GeoJournal. 51 (1/2): 33–45. doi:10.1023/A:1010849220006. JSTOR 41147495. S2CID 154264277.
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2008.
  5. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (January 1, 2014). "Оценка численности населения на 1 января 2014 года и в среднем за 2013 год (Estimated population of Russia on 1 January 2014 and the average for 2013)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  6. ^ a b "A General data of the region". Sevastopol City State Administration. Archived from the original on February 11, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2014.