|• Body||Oblast Duma|
|• Governor||Stanislav Voskresensky|
|• Total||21,800 km2 (8,400 sq mi)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||49/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK )|
|ISO 3166 code||RU-IVA|
Ivanovo Oblast (Russian: Ива́новская о́бласть, Ivanovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). It had a population of 1,061,651 as of the 2010 Russian Census.
Its three largest cities are Ivanovo (the administrative center), Kineshma, and Shuya. The principal center of tourism is Plyos. The Volga River flows through the northern part of the oblast.
Early in its history, the Ivanovo region was a melting pot between different populations like Russians, Europeans, Asians, and others. Various ancient Uralian and ancient Slavic tribes inhabited the area.
Ivanovo Industrial Oblast (Ива́новская промы́шленная о́бласть) was established on October 1, 1929. On March 11, 1936, a part of it became the modern Ivanovo Oblast while the remainder was split off to create Yaroslavl Oblast. On 21 May 1998 Ivanovo Oblast alongside Amur, Kostroma, Voronezh Oblasts, and the Mari El Republic signed a power-sharing agreement with the federal government, granting it autonomy. This agreement would be abolished on 26 February 2002.
Ivanovo Oblast shares borders with Kostroma Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (E), Vladimir Oblast (S), and Yaroslavl Oblast (W). The climate of Ivanovo Oblast is continental, with long, cold winters, and short, warm summers. The coldest month is January with an average temperature of −12 °C (10 °F) in the west and −13 °C (9 °F) in the east. The warmest month is July with an average temperature of about +18 °C (64 °F). Although larger than several of Russia's republics, Ivanovo Oblast is the smallest oblast by land area in Russia.
During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: the first secretary of the Ivanovo CPSU Committee (who in reality had the greatest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU has lost all power, when the head of the oblast administration, and eventually the governor, was appointed/elected alongside an elected regional parliament.
The Charter of Ivanovo Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Ivanovo Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day-to-day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter under the Constitution of Russia.
Population: 1,061,651 (2010 Census); 1,148,329 (2002 Census); 1,317,117 (1989 Census).
Largest cities or towns in Ivanovo Oblast
2010 Russian Census
|1||Ivanovo||City of oblast significance of Ivanovo||408,330|
|2||Kineshma||Town of oblast significance of Kineshma||88,164|
|3||Shuya||Town of oblast significance of Shuya||58,486|
|4||Vichuga||Town of oblast significance of Vichuga||37,583|
|6||Teykovo||Town of oblast significance of Teykovo||34,976|
Ethnic composition (2010):
According to a 2012 survey 46.5% of the population of Ivanovo Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 8.4% are Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to church or are members of non-Russian Orthodox churches, 1.8% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 0.5% of the population are adherents of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery) movement, and 0.5% are Muslims. In addition, 28.1% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 12.9% is atheist, and 1.3% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.
The largest religious centre in the region is the Shartoma Monastery.
Main article: Administrative divisions of Ivanovo Oblast