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Ivanovo Oblast
Ивановская область
Coat of arms of Ivanovo Oblast
Map of Russia - Ivanovo Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 57°01′N 41°31′E / 57.017°N 41.517°E / 57.017; 41.517Coordinates: 57°01′N 41°31′E / 57.017°N 41.517°E / 57.017; 41.517
CountryRussia
Federal districtCentral[1]
Economic regionCentral[2]
Administrative centerIvanovo[3]
Government
 • BodyOblast Duma[4]
 • Governor[4]Stanislav Voskresensky[5]
Area
 • Total21,800 km2 (8,400 sq mi)
 • Rank73rd
Population
 (2010 Census)[7]
 • Total1,061,651
 • Estimate 
(2018)[8]
1,014,646 (−4.4%)
 • Rank49th
 • Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Urban
80.9%
 • Rural
19.1%
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[9])
ISO 3166 codeRU-IVA
License plates37
OKTMO ID24000000
Official languagesRussian[10]
Websitehttp://www.ivanovoobl.ru

Ivanovo Oblast (Russian: Ива́новская о́бласть, Ivanovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). It had a population of 1,061,651 as of the 2010 Russian Census.[7]

Its three largest cities are Ivanovo (the administrative center), Kineshma, and Shuya. The principal center of tourism is Plyos. The Volga River flows through the northern part of the oblast.

History

Yuryevets

Early in its history, the Ivanovo region was a melting pot between different populations like Russians, Europeans, Asians, and others. Various ancient Uralian and ancient Slavic tribes inhabited the area.[12]

Ivanovo Industrial Oblast (Ива́новская промы́шленная о́бласть) was established on October 1, 1929.[13] On March 11, 1936, a part of it became the modern Ivanovo Oblast while the remainder was split off to create Yaroslavl Oblast.[11] On 21 May 1998 Ivanovo Oblast alongside Amur, Kostroma, Voronezh Oblasts, and the Mari El Republic signed a power-sharing agreement with the federal government, granting it autonomy.[14] This agreement would be abolished on 26 February 2002.[15]

Geography

Ivanovo Oblast shares borders with Kostroma Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (E), Vladimir Oblast (S), and Yaroslavl Oblast (W). The climate of Ivanovo Oblast is continental, with long, cold winters, and short, warm summers. The coldest month is January with an average temperature of −12 °C (10 °F) in the west and −13 °C (9 °F) in the east. The warmest month is July with an average temperature of about +18 °C (64 °F). Although larger than several of Russia's republics, Ivanovo Oblast is the smallest oblast by land area in Russia.

Politics

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: the first secretary of the Ivanovo CPSU Committee (who in reality had the greatest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU has lost all power, when the head of the oblast administration, and eventually the governor, was appointed/elected alongside an elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Ivanovo Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Ivanovo Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day-to-day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter under the Constitution of Russia.

Demographics

Population: 1,061,651 (2010 Census);[7] 1,148,329 (2002 Census);[16] 1,317,117 (1989 Census).[17]

Settlements

 
 
Largest cities or towns in Ivanovo Oblast
2010 Russian Census
Rank Administrative Division Pop.
Ivanovo

Ivanovo
Kineshma

Kineshma
1 Ivanovo City of oblast significance of Ivanovo 408,330
2 Kineshma Town of oblast significance of Kineshma 88,164
3 Shuya Town of oblast significance of Shuya 58,486
4 Vichuga Town of oblast significance of Vichuga 37,583
5 Furmanov Furmanovsky District 36,144
6 Teykovo Town of oblast significance of Teykovo 34,976
7 Kokhma Ivanovsky District 29,411
8 Rodniki Rodnikovsky District 26,310
9 Privolzhsk Privolzhsky District 16,747
10 Yuzha Yuzhsky District 14,170

2012

Ethnic composition (2010):[7]

Religion

Religion in Ivanovo Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[21][22]
Russian Orthodoxy
46.5%
Other Orthodox
8.4%
Other Christians
1.9%
Islam
0.5%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
0.5%
Spiritual but not religious
28.1%
Atheism and irreligion
12.9%
Other and undeclared
1.7%

According to a 2012 survey[21] 46.5% of the population of Ivanovo Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 8.4% are Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to church or are members of non-Russian Orthodox churches, 1.8% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 0.5% of the population are adherents of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery) movement, and 0.5% are Muslims. In addition, 28.1% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 12.9% is atheist, and 1.3% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[21]

The largest religious centre in the region is the Shartoma Monastery.

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of Ivanovo Oblast

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Charter of Ivanovo Oblast, Article 7
  4. ^ a b Charter, Article 9
  5. ^ Official website of Ivanovo Oblast. Pavel Alexeyevich Konkov, Governor of Ivanovo Oblast (in Russian)
  6. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  8. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  9. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  10. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  11. ^ a b Ivanovo Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure, p. 26
  12. ^ "Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphism in Russian Population form Five Oblasts of the European Part of Russia".
  13. ^ Ivanovo Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure, p. 22
  14. ^ "Newsline - May 22, 1998 Yeltsin Signs More Power-Sharing Agreements with Regions". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  15. ^ Chuman, Mizuki. "The Rise and Fall of Power-Sharing Treaties Between Center and Regions in Post-Soviet Russia" (PDF). Demokratizatsiya: 146.
  16. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  17. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  18. ^ "Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации". www.gks.ru.
  19. ^ "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики". www.gks.ru. Archived from the original on March 24, 2013.
  20. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  21. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  22. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources