This article uses bare URLs, which are uninformative and vulnerable to link rot. Please consider converting them to full citations to ensure the article remains verifiable and maintains a consistent citation style. Several templates and tools are available to assist in formatting, such as Reflinks (documentation), reFill (documentation) and Citation bot (documentation). (September 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Tambov Oblast
Тамбовская область
Flag of Tambov Oblast
Coat of arms of Tambov Oblast
Anthem: Farewell of Slavianka
Coordinates: 52°43′12″N 41°27′11″E / 52.72000°N 41.45306°E / 52.72000; 41.45306
Federal districtCentral[1]
Economic regionCentral Black Earth[2]
Administrative centerTambov[3]
 • BodyOblast Duma[4]
 • Head[5]Maksim Yegorov
 • Total34,300 km2 (13,200 sq mi)
 • Rank63rd
 • Total982,991
 • Estimate 
 • Rank52nd
 • Density29/km2 (74/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[9])
ISO 3166 codeRU-TAM
License plates68
OKTMO ID68000000
Official languagesRussian[10]

Tambov Oblast (Russian: Тамбо́вская о́бласть, romanizedTambovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Tambov. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,091,994.[12]


Tambov Oblast is situated in a forest steppe. It borders the Ryazan, Penza, Saratov, Voronezh and Lipetsk oblasts.


The oldest known population of the Tambov region, the Mordovians-Moksha, formed as a nation of local ethnic groups from the 6th century BC. The first Russian settlers arrived in the pre-Mongol period, but the final settlement occurred in the 17th century. To protect the southern borders of Russia from the raids of the Tatars, and to further develop the Black Soil region, the Russian government built the walled cities of Kozlov (1635) and Tambov (1636). The cities protected the main path of nomad raids on Russian land and paved the way for a quick settlement of the region.

Kozlovsky Uyezd originally existed in the Tambov area. In the course of the administrative reforms of Peter the Great in 1708 and 1719, it became part of Azov Governorate. New administrative divisions established the Tambov Viceroyalty in 1779 and from 1796 Tambov Governorate, with an area of 66.5 thousand km2 divided into 12 uyezds. With almost no change to its boundaries, the Governorate remained in existence until 1928.

An attempt to establish Soviet control over the Tambov area led to the defeat and execution of "Red Sonya" (Sofia Nukhimovna Gel'berg) in the spring of 1918.[13]

During the Russian Civil War, an anti-Bolshevik uprising, the Tambov Rebellion, broke out in Tambov Governorate in 1920–1921.

Tambov Oblast was finally created from the Voronezh and Samara Oblasts on September 27, 1937. The oblast attained its present form after the separation of Penza Oblast (formerly part of Kuybyshev before joining Tambov) on February 4, 1939.

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of Tambov Oblast


The acting head of the administration of the Tambov Oblast since 4 October 2021 and Head of the Tambov Oblast since 20 September 2022 is Maxim Yegorov.

Elections to the Regional Duma were held from 17 to 19 September 2021. 25 seats were distributed by party lists and 25 by single-member constituencies. The seats at the end of the elections were distributed as follows:


Population: 982,991 (2021 Census);[14] 1,091,994 (2010 Census);[12] 1,178,443 (2002 Census);[15] 1,320,763 (1989 Census).[16]

Vital statistics for 2022:[17][18]

Total fertility rate (2022):[19]
1.22 children per woman

Life expectancy (2021):[20]
Total — 69.88 years (male — 65.41, female — 74.33)

Ethnic composition (2010)[12]


Largest cities or towns in Tambov Oblast
2010 Russian Census
Rank Administrative Division Pop.
1 Tambov Tambovsky District 280,161 Rasskazovo
2 Michurinsk Michurinsky District 98,758
3 Rasskazovo Rasskazovsky District 45,484
4 Morshansk Morshansky District 41,556
5 Kotovsk Town of oblast significance of Kotovsk 31,850
6 Uvarovo Uvarovsky District 26,830
7 Stroitel Tambovsky District 18,437
8 Kirsanov Kirsanovsky District 17,224
9 Zherdevka Zherdevsky District 15,209
10 Pervomaysky Pervomaysky District 12,654


Religion in Tambov Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[22][23]
Russian Orthodoxy
Other Christians
Spiritual but not religious
Atheism and irreligion
Other and undeclared

According to a 2012 survey,[22] 78.4% of the population of Tambov Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, making it the federal subject with the highest percentage of this religion in the whole country. In addition, 1% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 7% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 10% is atheist, and 3.6% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[22]


Southeastern Railway passes through Michurinsk and connects the central regions with the southern regions. Breeding cattle, sheep, pig, and chicken is a product of animal husbandry.

See also



  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 5
  4. ^ Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 49
  5. ^ Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 66
  6. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  7. ^ "Оценка численности постоянного населения по субъектам Российской Федерации". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved September 1, 2022.
  8. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  9. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  10. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  11. ^ Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 2
  12. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  13. ^ Сенников, Б. В. (2004). Румянцев, Вячеслав (ed.). Тамбовское восстание 1918-1921 гг. и раскрестьянивание России 1929-1933 гг. [The Tambov rebellion of 1918-1921 and de-peasantisation of Russia 1929-1933]. ISBN 5-85824-152-2. Retrieved February 9, 2014. Гельберг С.Н. ("Красная Соня") (?-1918). Акушерка. Командир летучего отряда Красной гвардии, действовавшего на территории Тамбовской губернии весной 1918 г., в задачу которого входило насаждение советской власти. Отряд "Красной Сони" отличался жестокостью, его появление сопровождалось многочисленными грабежами населения. Отряд был разбит крестьянами. Сама "Красная Соня" была казнена по приговору нескольких волостей губернии. ((cite book)): |website= ignored (help)
  14. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Всероссийская перепись населения 2020 года. Том 1 [2020 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1] (XLS) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  15. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  16. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  17. ^ "Information on the number of registered births, deaths, marriages and divorces for January to December 2022". ROSSTAT. Archived from the original on March 2, 2023. Retrieved February 21, 2023.
  18. ^ "Birth rate, mortality rate, natural increase, marriage rate, divorce rate for January to December 2022". ROSSTAT. Archived from the original on March 2, 2023. Retrieved February 21, 2023.
  19. ^ Суммарный коэффициент рождаемости [Total fertility rate]. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (in Russian). Archived from the original (XLSX) on August 10, 2023. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  20. ^ "Демографический ежегодник России" [The Demographic Yearbook of Russia] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service of Russia (Rosstat). Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  21. ^
  22. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  23. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.