Ryazan Oblast
Рязанская область
Flag of Ryazan Oblast
Coat of arms of Ryazan Oblast
Coordinates: 54°24′N 40°36′E / 54.400°N 40.600°E / 54.400; 40.600
CountryRussia
Federal districtCentral[1]
Economic regionCentral[2]
Administrative centerRyazan
Government
 • BodyOblast Duma[3]
 • Governor[3]Pavel Malkov[4]
Area
 • Total39,605 km2 (15,292 sq mi)
 • Rank58th
Population
 • Total1,102,810
 • Estimate 
(2018)[7]
1,121,474
 • Rank44th
 • Density28/km2 (72/sq mi)
 • Urban
71.4%
 • Rural
28.6%
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[8])
ISO 3166 codeRU-RYA
License plates62
OKTMO ID61000000
Official languagesRussian[9]
Websitehttp://www.ryazangov.ru

Ryazan Oblast (Russian: Рязанская область, romanizedRyazanskaya oblast, IPA: [rʲɪˈzanskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ]) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Ryazan, which is also the oblast's largest city.

Geography

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Ryazan Oblast borders Vladimir Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (NE), the Republic of Mordovia (E), Penza Oblast (SE), Tambov Oblast (S), Lipetsk Oblast (SW), Tula Oblast (W), and Moscow Oblast (NW).

In terms of physical geography, Ryazan Oblast lies in the central part of the Russian Plain between the Central Russian and Volga uplands. The terrain is flat, with the highest point of no more than 300 m above sea level. Soils are podzolic and boggy on the left bank of the Oka, changing southward to more fertile podzolic and leached black-earths (chernozyom).

Hydrography

The Oka River near Konstantinovo in Rybnovsky District of Ryazan Oblast

Most of the Ryazan Oblast lies within the Volga basin, with the Oka the principal river of the area.

History

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Human occupation of the area of the Ryazan Oblast dates from at least the Upper Paleolithic period. East Slavs, Volga Finnic, Tatar tribes inhabited the area and merged into an ethnos, a process virtually completed by the 13th century CE. In 830 the Ryazan area became part of Rus' Khaganate.

Later the Ryazan area became part of the Kievan Rus' political system and came under the domination of the Principality of Chernigov (founded in 988). The Principality of Ryazan operated as a separate entity from 1097 to 1521, when the area became part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, though with the Qasim Khanate district retaining some autonomy until the 1550s.

The Ryazan Governorate became separate from the Moscow Governorate in 1796.

Soviet Union

Ryazan Oblast was formed out of the Moscow and Voronezh oblasts in 1937. It took its present form in 1954 when some of its southern districts were ceded to the newly established Lipetsk Oblast. Also in 1954, it was ceded parts of southern Moscow Oblast and no border changes happened afterward.

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of Ryazan Oblast

Economy

Solotchinskoye peat railway

Soviet Union

In the post-war period of the Soviet Union recovery in the wake of growing competition between USSR and US several ambitious plans severely undermined the economical stability of the region. In Ryazan Oblast, at the behest of central government led by Nikita Khrushchev a regional administration ordered slaughter of livestock in a futile attempt to boost productivity rates (plans included tripling of meat and milk production). Because of series of misjudgement and overestimations these plans resulted in disastrous failure which is known today as Ryazan miracle (Russian: Рязанское чудо).

Modern

GDP of Ryazan Oblast by Industry (in %, 2019)[11]
Agri- and aquaculture
8.1%
Mining and Extraction
0.16%
Processing industry (metallurgy, oil refining etc.)
26.66%
Energy
3.33%
Utilities (water supply)
0.57%
Construction
4.61%
Wholesale trade and Retail trade, professional services
14.62%
Transportation and warehousing
5.62%
Public services (restaurants and hotels)
0.61%
Information
2.81%
Finance and insurance
0.28%
Real estate
12.84%
R&D
1.69%
Administrative services
1.24%
State, security and social support
6.46%
Education
4.25%
Healthcare & social services
4.77%
Culture, sport, entertainment etc
0.82%
Other
0.35%

Ryazan Oblast is a part of the Central economic region. The oblast is economically favorable due to the water and land routes that pass through it and provide stable domestic and foreign economic ties. It is considered both an industrial and agricultural Oblast. The agriculture in the region is represented by livestock farming and plants cultivation. Livestock farming specializes in raising and fattening cattle and breeding pigs, sheep, and poultry. Beekeeping is also well developed in the region.

Transportation

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18971,802,196—    
19262,428,914+34.8%
19591,444,755−40.5%
19701,411,590−2.3%
19791,361,839−3.5%
19891,345,924−1.2%
20021,227,910−8.8%
20101,154,114−6.0%
20211,102,810−4.4%
Source: Census data

Population: 1,102,810 (2021 Census);[12] 1,154,114 (2010 Census);[13] 1,227,910 (2002 Census);[14] 1,345,924 (1989 Census).[15]

Vital statistics for 2022:[16][17]

Total fertility rate (2022):[18]
1.14 children per woman

Life expectancy (2021):[19]
Total — 68.61 years (male — 63.96, female — 73.31)

Ethnic composition (2010):[13]

Religion

Religion in Ryazan Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[21][22]
Russian Orthodoxy
63%
Other Orthodox
1%
Other Christians
3.2%
Islam
1%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
0.6%
Spiritual but not religious
15.3%
Atheism and irreligion
8.9%
Other and undeclared
7%

According to a 2012 survey[21] 63% of the population of Ryazan Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are Orthodox Christian believers without belonging to church or belonging to non-Russian Orthodox churches, 1% are Muslims, and 1% are adherents of the Rodnovery (Slavic native faith) movement. In addition, 15% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 9% is atheist, and 7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[21]

Tourism

Notable people

Arts

Athletics

Engineering and science

Others

References

Notes

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ a b Charter of Ryazan Oblast, Article 27
  4. ^ Official website of Ryazan Oblast. Любимов Николай Викторович (in Russian)
  5. ^ "Сведения о наличии и распределении земель в Российской Федерации на 01.01.2019 (в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации)". Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography. Archived from the original on February 9, 2022. Retrieved August 29, 2023.
  6. ^ "Оценка численности постоянного населения по субъектам Российской Федерации". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved September 1, 2022.
  7. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  8. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  10. ^ Resolution of September 26, 1937
  11. ^ "Валовой региональный продукт" [Regional GDP by years]. ryazan.gks.ru. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  12. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Всероссийская перепись населения 2020 года. Том 1 [2020 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1] (XLS) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  13. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  14. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  15. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  16. ^ "Information on the number of registered births, deaths, marriages and divorces for January to December 2022". ROSSTAT. Archived from the original on March 2, 2023. Retrieved February 21, 2023.
  17. ^ "Birth rate, mortality rate, natural increase, marriage rate, divorce rate for January to December 2022". ROSSTAT. Archived from the original on March 2, 2023. Retrieved February 21, 2023.
  18. ^ Суммарный коэффициент рождаемости [Total fertility rate]. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (in Russian). Archived from the original (XLSX) on August 10, 2023. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  19. ^ "Демографический ежегодник России" [The Demographic Yearbook of Russia] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service of Russia (Rosstat). Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  20. ^ "Впн-2010".
  21. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  22. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources