A cover of Sentry [ru] magazine, approx. 1932, depicting Russia as a woman in a traditional costume liberated by a warrior in medieval armor with a shield depicting the National russian, trampling the Communist flag. The words "ХРИСТОС ВОСКРЕСЕ" roughly translate to "Christ is risen".

The personification of Russia is traditionally feminine and most commonly maternal since medieval times.[1] Most common terms for national personification of Russia are:

Russian: Ма́тушка Росси́я, romanizedMatushka Rossiya (dim.); also
Russian: Мать-Росси́я, romanizedMat'-Rossiya; or
Russian: Ма́тушка Русь, romanizedMatushka Rus', lit.'Mother Rus''; or
Russian: Росси́я-ма́тушка, romanizedRossiya-matushka, lit.'Russia the Mother'

Russian: Ро́дина-мать, romanizedRodina-mat

In the Russian language, the concept of motherland is rendered by two terms:

Harald Haarmann and Orlando Figes see the goddess Mokosh a source of the "Mother Russia" concept.[2][3] Mikhail Epstein states that Russia's historical reliance on agriculture supported a mythological view of the earth as a "divine mother", leading in turn to the terminology of "Mother Russia". Epstein also notes the feminine perceptions of the names Rus' and Rossiia, allowing for natural expressions of matushka Rossiia (Mother Russia).[4]


During the Soviet period, the Bolsheviks extensively utilized the image of "Motherland", especially during World War II.


During the Soviet era, many statues depicting the Mother Motherland were built, most to commemorate the Great Patriotic War. These include:

See also


  1. ^ Рябов О. В. (1999). Русская философия женственности (XI—XX века). Иваново. pp. 35–46.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  2. ^ Harald Haarmann, The Soul of Mother Russia: Russian Symbols and Pre-Russian Cultural Identity, ReVision Archived 2016-04-09 at the Wayback Machine, June 22, 2000 (retrieved May 2, 2016)
  3. ^ Figes, Orlando (2002). Natasha's Dance: a cultural history of Russia. New York: Metropolitan Books. p. 321. ISBN 9780805057836. [...] the goddess known as Mokosh, from whom the myth of 'Mother Russia' was conceived.
  4. ^ Epstein, Mikhail (1997). Rosenthal, Bernice (ed.). The Occult in Russian and Soviet Culture. Cornell University Press. p. 332. ISBN 9780801432583.
  5. ^ Казань. Храм на шести сотках — Ольга Юхновская."Не йог, не маг и не святой" — Российская Газета — Этот объект не включен в программу подготовки к казанскому миллениуму. Но его, без сомнений, будут показывать гостям города как редкую достопримечательность. Создатель множества памятников, художник из пригорода Казани Ильдар Ханов к тысячелетию столицы Татарстана строит на своем участке храм всех религий. В свое время творчество Ханова высоко оценил Святослав Рерих
  6. ^ "Павловск (Воронежская область)". Archived from the original on 2011-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-02.

Further reading